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2010届江苏省南京市高三第三次模拟考试语文 数学 英语doc

时间:2010-05-15


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江苏省南京市 2010 届高三第三次模拟考试 语文试题
一,语言文字运用(15 分)

1.下列词语中加点的字,每对读音都不相同的一项是

A.阔绰/绰绰有余 结合/结结巴巴

萎靡/所向披靡

间断/间不容发

B.活塞/塞翁失马 便利/便宜行事

纰缪/未雨绸缪

辟邪/开天辟地

C.轻佻/挑弄是非氛围/五彩纷呈

押解/坚持不懈

襟怀/如不禁风

D.裨益/稗官野史 剽悍/骠勇善战 诋毁/抵掌而谈

账单/为虎作伥

2.下列各句中,没有语病的一向是

A.俄罗斯首都莫斯科地铁爆炸案发生后,所有的地铁站都加强了警戒,大批携带武器 荷枪实弹的警察牵着警犬守在地铁入口处.

B.《麦田里的守望者》的作者塞林格去世后,无数异国他乡的读者为之黯然,短短几 天时间,全球众多报刊登载了大量的缅怀他的文章.

C.为了应对水危机,中国政府去年对《水污染防治法》进行修订,施行"流域限批" 和河流休养生息,并试图通过调水解决水资源紧张的问题.

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D.作为最大的发展中国家和碳排放大国,中国的选择不仅决定着世界的未来,而且决 定着未来自身的核心竞争力与综合发展前景.

3.近日, 北京一名中学生针对学校不敢组织学生外出活动的现象, 发出了"我要春游" 的呼吁,引起社会的普遍反响,诸以"我要春游"开头,运用比喻,排比手法,写一段文章 表达对自然的向往,对春游的渴望.(不超过 50 字)(5 分)

我要春游:

4.根据下列研究成果写出结论.(不写具体数字)(4 分)

我国高等教育研究课题组近期发布结果.在城市,高中,大专,本科,研究生学历人 口的比例,分别是农村的 3.6 倍,55.5 倍,281.55 倍和 323 倍.而重点高校农村学生的比 例变化也值得关注,如清华大学 2000 年农村学生比例为 17.6%,比 1990 年减少 4.1 个百分 点;北京大学 1991 年农村学生的比例为 16.3%,比 1990 年减少 2.5 个百分点.

结论:

二,文言文阅读

阅读下面的文言文,完成 5-8 题.

虞翻字仲翔,会稽余姚人也,太守王翔命为功雷,孙策征会稽,朗拒战败绩,亡走浮 海.翻追随营护,朗谓翻曰:"卿有老母,可以还矣."翻既归,策复命为功曹,待以交友 之,身诣翻第.

策好驰骋游猎,翻谏曰:"明府用鸟集之众,驱散附之士,皆得其死力,虽汉高帝不 及也.至于轻出徽行,从官不暇严,吏卒常苦之,夫君人者不重则不威,愿少留意."策曰: "君言是也."

翻出为富春长.策薨,诸长吏并欲出赴丧,翻曰:"恐邻县山民或有奸变,远委城郭, 必致不虞."因留制服行丧.诸县皆效之,咸以安宁.翻与少府孔融书,并示以所著易注. 融答书曰:"闻延陵之理乐,睹吾子之治易,乃知东南之美者,非徒会稽之竹箭也.

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孙权以为骑都尉.翻数犯颜谏争,权不能悦,又性不协俗,多见谤毁,坐徙丹杨泾县. 吕蒙图取关羽,称疾还建业,以翻兼知医术,请以自随,亦欲因此令翻得释也.后蒙举军西 上, 南郡太守麋芳开城出降. 蒙未据郡城而作乐沙上, 翻谓蒙曰: "今区区一心者麋将军也, 城中之人岂可尽信,何不急入城持其管?a 乎?"蒙即从之.

权既为吴王,欢宴之末,自起行酒,翻伏地阳醉,不持.权去,翻起坐.权於是大怒, 手剑欲击之,侍坐者莫不惶遽,惟大司农刘基起抱权谏曰:"大王以三爵之后手杀善士,虽 翻有罪, 天下孰知之?且大王以能容贤畜众, 故海内望风, 今一朝弃之, 可乎?"权曰: "曹 孟德尚杀孔文举,孤於虞翻何有哉?"基曰:"孟德轻害士人,天下非之.大王躬行德义, 欲与尧,舜比隆,何得自喻於彼乎?"翻由是得免.

翻尝乘船行,与麋芳相逢,芳船上人多欲令翻自避,先驱曰:"避将军船!"翻厉声曰: "失忠与信, 何以事君?倾人二城, 而称将军, 可乎?"芳阖户不应而遽避之. 后翻乘车行, 又经芳营门,吏闭门,车不得过.翻复怒曰:"当闭反开,当开反闭.岂得事宜邪?"芳闻 之,有惭色.翻性疏直,数有酒失.权积怒非一,遂徙翻交州.虽处罪放,而讲学不倦,门 徒常数百人.

(节选自《三国志吴书》)

5.对下列句中加点词的解释,不正确的一项是( )(3 分)

A.远委城郭,必致不虞

委:委派

B.闻延陵之理乐,睹吾子之治易

治:研究

C.有性不协俗,多见谤毁

谤:诽谤

D.自起行酒,翻伏地醉

阳:假装

6.下列句子中,全都属于虞翻"性疏直"的一组是(

)(3 分)

①至于轻出徽行,从官不暇严,吏卒常苦之

②翻与少府孔融书,并示以所著易注

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③翻数犯颜谏争

④失忠与信,何以事君

⑤彼皆死人,而语神仙

⑥虽处罪放,而讲学不倦

A.①②⑤

B.①③④

C.②④⑥

D.③⑤⑥

7.下列对原文有关内容的分析和概括,不正确的一项是( )(3 分)

A.虞翻先后两度担任会稽郡功曹,先是侍奉太守王朗,后市归附孙策,并受到了孙策 的礼遇,孙策还亲自到虞翻家看望他.

B.虞翻兼有多方面的才能,担任地方长官能够审时度势,随军作战又能出谋划策,并 且知晓医术,擅长音乐,精通易经.

C. 虞翻的学问收受到了孔融的赏识,被称为"东南之美";而他的才干也受到了同僚 的肯定,大司农刘基就认为他是个"善士".

D. 虞翻常直言进谏,孙权早就心怀不满,在酒宴上竟要杀了他,后来又因虞翻讥评谈 论神仙之事,将他流放到了偏远的交州.

8.把下列句子翻译成现代汉语.(10 分)

(1)夫君人者不重则不成,愿少留意.(3 分)

(2)且大王以能荣贤蓄众,故海内望风,今一朝弃之,可乎?(4 分)

(3)当闭反开,当开反闭,岂能事宜邪?(3 分)

三,古诗词鉴赏(10 分)

9.阅读下面两首唐诗,然后回答问题.

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逢病军人

卢纶

行多有病住无粮,万里还乡未到乡.

蓬鬓袁吟古城下,不堪秋气人全疮.

河潢旧卒

张乔

少年随将讨河潢,头白时清返故乡.

十万汉军零落尽,独吹边曲向残阳.

(1)两首诗中的人物有何异同?试简要概括.(4 分)

(2)卢诗表达了诗人什么样的情感?

(3)请简析张诗的主要表达特色.(4 分)

四,名句名篇默写(8 分)

10.补写出下列名句名篇中的空缺部分.

(1)古之圣人,其出身也远矣,

.(韩愈《师说》)

(2)历览前贤国与家,

.(李商隐《咏史》)

(3)斜阳草树, 古》

,人道寄奴曾住.(辛弃疾《水遇乐京口北固亭怀

(4)登斯楼也,则有去国怀乡, 《岳阳楼记》)

,满目萧然,感极而悲者矣.(范仲淹

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(5)水何澹澹,

.(曹操《观沧海》)

(6)

,不能成方圆.(《孟子离娄上》)

(7) 高》)

,百年多病独登台.

,潦倒新停浊酒杯. (杜甫《登

五,文学类文本阅读(23 分)

阅读下面的作品,完成 11-14 题.

天子坟

陈启文

一路逆水而行,有时间倒流的感觉,倒流五千年,从攸县,茶陵,一直到炎陵,让数 千年的岁月哗哗地呈现,我正走向水的源头.我早已知道,在那里最终呈现出来的将是一座 山一样的坟——天子坟,这坟里长眠着太阳之神——炎帝神农氏.

当年,他率领着一个北方部落,穿越中原腹地,跨长江,过洞庭,走进了一片神赐的 土地.用双手抠出荒草下的泥土,原本就是最懂得土地的他,使劲地揉搓着手中的闪烁着奇 异光泽的黝黑泥土,喊出了自己的第一个心愿:上苍啊,给我种子!呼唤中一只火红色的神 鸟缓慢地飞过天空,嘴里衔了一株九穗的稻穗,穗上的谷粒一粒粒坠落在地上,炎帝便把他 们拾起来,种在田间,上苍啊,给我灌溉!呼唤镇南关自然涌现出九眼泉井,井中的水脉彼 此相连,他从一眼井中汲水,其他八眼井的水都会一起波动.上苍啊,赐我阳光!呼唤中, 太阳立刻发出光和热来,让无故孕育生长,让天地间渐渐弥漫着成熟的味道……

作为南方的天帝,炎帝神农氏不是一个王宫里养尊处优的威严王者,而是一位牛头人 身的农耕之神,当他耕耘时,他就变成了一条件,从嘴里喷吐出大口大口的热气,从每一个 毛孔里奔涌出淋漓的汗水,他以耕耘统驭百姓,又以耕耘拓荒与狂野,你看见他深深埋向土 地的头颅,绷紧了的脊梁,一个民族人文始祖的形象赫然在你眼前了.

人类似乎还要让他来承载更多的东西,他用一条牛鞭来鞭打山中的各种草药,那些草 药的药性便一下子显露了出来. 他的神, 他的身体是透明的, 如果他不幸尝到了有毒的草药,
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一看就知道中毒在那一部分, 并能及时找到解药; 另一方面, 他有是热人, 他备尝人间艰辛, 遍尝百草,曾经一天就中毒七次.最后,他尝到一种可怕的断肠草,肠子断了,无药可救, 他和一个普通人一样,死于中毒.他的死,也是人类赋予一个人文始祖的死亡方式,为了疗 救民间疾苦,这个人死了,他为天下而断肠.这是一个寓言,一个伟大的象征,一个民族至 此以神话的方式完成了对一个杰出农人的塑造, 同时也完成了他们对自己心中领袖的一次完 美塑造.

这些都不是文字写下的历史,但比文字更深地刻在一个民族的记忆里.

我逆着湘江的一条支流走到了这里,这块最终埋葬炎帝神农氏的土地,也是他当年年 复一年地耕种过的土地,眼前,一座不朽的坟,很大,与山林浑然合为一体,有一种力量, 蛰伏与大地深处,像山一样沉重.

听起来十分神奇,追究起来,却是那么质朴,厚重的质朴,数千年来,一代一代的农 人,都在我他们自己的神,为这座大幕培土,它,于是,越长越高,而他们也通过对炎帝神 农氏的怀念,演绎出了许多只属于农人的节日和风俗.很幸运,我赶上了这里的一次祭祀, 一个不被日历记载的日子.很多的农人,从各个山寨里赶来,而他们来祭祀炎帝神农氏的, 是刚打下来的新鲜稻谷,还沾着露水和泥土的瓜果菜蔬,还有刚从树上采摘下来的栗子,梨 子,橘子,柚子……在这扑鼻的鲜活的味道里,你恍若觉得,那个只存在于亘古神话中的农 人,仍然活着,仍然和我们生活在一起.

天子坟,原本就是一座山,一座不断长高的山.

11.从结构上看,文章第一段有哪些作用?(5 分)

12.文章第二段是如何塑造神农氏形象的?(6 分)

13.文章第二至第四段反映了华夏先民哪些初创生活?(6 分)

14.结合全文,探究"天子坟,原本就是一座山,一座不断长高的山"的几层含义. (6 分)

六,论述类文本阅读(15 分)

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阅读下面的文字,回答 15-17 题.

告别"诗歌"走向"散文" 告别"诗歌"走向"散文"

陈平原

幸灾乐祸也好,呼天抢地也好,无动于衷也好,人们都不能不正视这一命题:学术正 在贬值.

就看你怎么理解这"贬值"两个字.如果这指的是应用学科被推到前景,而学术性更 强的基础理论研究不受重视,跟经济建设没有直接联系的文史哲等古老的学科甚至受到冷 淡,这的确很可忧虑;如果这指的是商品经济的冲击以及知识分子待遇的低下,以致学者不 能安心治学,而必须盘算如何"生产自救",这起码也不是什么好兆头;但如果指的是学术 研究不会再受受到公众的关注, 不再有"雄文一出举国欢腾"那种激动人心的场面, 那我倒 觉得很正常,既不可喜,亦不可悲.

学术研究本来就是"寂寞的事业",没多少油水可捞的.前些年由于特殊的政治环境 和文化氛围,出书容易,惊世骇俗容易,滥得虚名也容易,一时间学术界似乎也成了"名利 场".如今则有回到了"冷板凳".

梁启超有篇名文《过渡时代论》,其中谈到过渡时代容易出英雄,.出政治上的英雄, 当然也出学术上的应"五四"年代能出英雄, 前几年也能出英雄, 如今则连"各领风骚三五 天"都不容易,英雄似乎消失了.没有英雄的时代,未必学术成就不高,只不过缺乏戏剧性 罢了.

激动人心的呐喊着呼啸着前进的学术变革时代,似乎已经过去了;接下来的,该是没 有多少诗意而又更加艰辛的常规建设了.对于青年学者来说,适当调整一下心理状态,乃至 治学态度和研究方法,还是必要的.就好像新学期开始,小学生必须把假期里跑野了的心收 回来一样.

当然,也有人"早就料到有这么一天",从来没"跑野"过.可这没有什么可值得骄 傲的.对于那些没有一点功利心,没有一点虚荣心,没有一点狂态,没有一点醉意的"纯学 者",我历来敬而远之;有时甚至不免"以小人之心度君子之腹",以为或者缺乏才气故作
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镇定,或者出于矫情大骂葡萄酸也未可知.我佩服的是能"跑野"也能"操正步":该"跑 野"时"跑野",

该"操正步"时"操正步".当年""跑野时甩了一拨人,如今""操正步还会甩一 拨人,读书做学问也真不容易.

一代诗僧苏曼殊的小说中,常常出现这么一种尴尬的局面:男主人公仔热情,执着, 聪慧,果敢的西化女性和娴静,高雅,温柔,含蓄的东方女性面前丧失选择能力,只好悬崖 撤于皈依我佛. 这种主题模式在现代作家笔下不断重视, 只不过"五四"时期西化女性占上 风,40 年代东方奴性占上风而已.尽管作家给出了一个明确的答案,三这种选择更多的是 时代逼出来的,内心深处很可能都行苏曼殊那样,在两种女性,两种生活理想,连载处世态 度——借用茅盾的术语:诗歌与散文之间——之间徘徊.

"没有英雄","缺乏戏剧性","操正步","常规建设",这无疑都是散文时代 的标志,也许只好做一个"美丽而苍凉"的手势,告别"诗歌",走向"散文".

但愿,就在不久的将来,我能把这题目倒过来再做一遍:告别"散文"走向"诗歌". 即使那片文章一时难产,也不妨为这散文时代保留一点诗意,或者创造一点诗意,以免"寂 寞的事业"过分寂寞,散文的时代过分"散文".

15.下列对文章有关内容的表述不正确的一项是( )(3 分)

A.作者认为在当今的时代,对于无法回避的学术贬值现象,众人有不同反应,有人悲 有人喜,也有人无法触动.

B.作者认为学术性更强的基础理论研究,跟经济建设没有直接联系的文史哲等古老学 科不应该受到冷漠对待.

C.由于特殊的政治环境和文化氛围,学术研究成了捞油水的手段,惊世骇俗的作品学 术成就未必高,著名学者未必名副其实.

D.诗僧苏曼殊的小说中,男主人公对女性的选择在不同时代倾向不同,"五四"时期 西化女性占上风,40 年代东方女性占上风.

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16.对于学术贬值,作者为什么觉得"很正常,既不可喜,亦不可悲"?(6 分)

17.如何立即文章结尾出画线的句子?(6 分)

七,作文(70 分)

18.阅读下面的文章,根据要求写作文.

用水冲刷,冲洗,去除混杂于有用之物中的杂质,叫"淘".现在,对事物过滤,筛 选,提取,也可称之为"淘",经"淘"而获得最佳,即"淘宝".

请以"淘宝"为题写一篇不少于 800 字的文章.

要求:①角度自选;②立意自定;③除诗歌外,文体自选.

附加题

一,阅读材料,完成 19-20 题.(10 分)

自风雅至于乐流,莫非讽兴当时之事,以贻后代之人.沿袭古题唱和重复于文或有短 长于义咸为赘剩尚不如寓意古题刺美见事犹有诗人引古以讽之义焉.曹,刘,沈,鲍之徒, 时得如此,亦复稀少.近代唯诗人杜甫《悲陈陶》,《哀江头》,《兵车》,《丽人》等, 凡所歌行,率皆即事名篇,无复依傍.余少时与友人乐天,李公垂辈,谓是为当,遂不复拟 赋古题.

(元稹《乐府古题序》)

19.用斜线(/)给下面的文言文断句(限 6 处).(6 分)

沿 袭 古 题 唱 和 重 复 于 文 或 有 短 长 于 义 咸 为 赘剩尚 不 如 寓 意 古 题刺 美 见 事 犹 有 诗 人 引 古 以 讽 之 义 焉

20.简答题.(4 分)

(1)文中"风雅"代指什么?写出乐天一首乐府诗的名称.(2 分)

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(2)用自己的话说说杜甫歌行诗的特点.(2 分)

二,名著阅读题(15 分)

21.下列有关名著的说明,不正确的两项是( )(5 分)

A.《红楼梦》里,"抄检大观园"过程中,晴雯和探春表现出强烈反抗的态度,而宝 钗因王熙凤的建议没被抄检,黛玉却无此待遇.

B.《哈姆雷特》中,克劳狄斯觉察到了自己的危险处境后,就派哈姆雷特出使英国, 欲借机处死他,结果哈姆雷特装疯卖傻,克劳狄斯的阴谋破灭.

C,《雷雨》第一幕中,四凤要去给太太繁漪送药,鲁贵却再三阻挡,因为他掌握了四 凤与大少爷的秘密,想借此敲诈钱财来赌博.

D.巴金在《家》中善于通过人物心理描写来展现人物,如文中对觉新有多长细致的内 心刻画,突出了他既要对系现实不满,又无力抗争的复杂个性.

E.《呐喊》成功塑造了狂人,阿 Q,闰土,祥林嫂等一批"病态社会"的典型形象,展 现了中国辛亥革命到"五四"运动这一时期的社会生活画卷.

22.请从老船夫的角度,谈谈《边城》中展现的人情美.(6 分)

23.概述《三国演义》中"七擒七纵"的前因后果.(4 分)

三,材料概括分析题(15 分)

阅读下面的材料,完成 24-25 题.

门票经济,实际上是迄今为止中国旅游发展模式的一种折射,对于绝大部分景区来说, 往往将经营管理比较专业的项目,如索道,游船等,通过招商引资的方式交给他方投资和经 营.同时,为了协调社区关系,贯彻旅游富民方针,很多景区出来优先使用社区劳动力外, 还要将景区的一些经营服务项目交给社区居民. 这样, 门票收入就成为一些景区的唯一收入 来源.而一些文物类,文化类,自然类的王牌景区还具有先天赋予或后天取得的垄断性质,

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别处无法替代.另一方面,即使在景区门票价格不断上升的状况下,旅游花费中直接用于景 区游览观光的比重对于中程游客来说,不会超过 1/3,远程的则不超过 1/5,企业增加收入 和利润包括扩大生产和销售规模,降低成本,提高价格三天途径.就旅游景区来说,前两者 都不是简便易行之策,而后者则可以收到立竿见影之效.因此,景区企业对门票价格一涨再 涨就理直气壮了.

其实,一个地区区域内的旅游基本是内循环,而区域外的旅游收入才是净收入.因此, 通过各种手段增加中远程游客, 对于旅游目的地意义更为重大, 任由景区从自身利益出发大 幅度提高门票价格,导致本地区旅游竞争力降低,实则因小失大.欧美等国,不仅对政府所 有的旅游景区全部免费开放, 而且鼓励私人投资景区免费开放, 反而增强了其在国际旅游市 场的吸引力.迪士尼乐园作为大投入,高成本的游乐类主题公园,如果以门票为主要收入来 源, 就不可能长期以来一张几十美元的门票玩遍其园内所有项目, 它的主要盈利渠道是品牌 输出,品牌旅游商品销售.就国内看,深圳华侨城作为文化类的主题公园,将项目内涵更新 作为增强竞争力的主要手段,现在又将"中华锦绣"向全国扩展,也取得了骄人的业绩.于 此对照,我国那些主要依靠自然,历史创造的王牌景区,是到了该有所警醒的时候了.

24.我国景区门票价格一涨再涨的主要原因有哪些?(6 分)

25.结合材料,谈谈我国旅游业如何突破"门票经济"的误区.(9 分)

参考答案

1.D

2.B( 重复赘余.荷枪实弹:打着枪,装满子弹. 携带武器"重复. 成分残缺. 2.B(A 重复赘余.荷枪实弹:打着枪,装满子弹.与"携带武器"重复.C 成分残缺. 语序不当,应当是先决定"自身" 决定"世界" "施行"后面缺少宾语"政策".D 语序不当,应当是先决定"自身"后决定"世界".) 施行"后面缺少宾语"政策"

3.文字中有" 比喻, 表达向往,渴望之意, 3.文字中有"春"的意思 1 分;比喻,排比正确 2 分;表达向往,渴望之意,语言具 文字中有 体 2 分.

4.随着学历的提高,城乡之间同等学历人口比例的差距逐渐拉大, 4.随着学历的提高,城乡之间同等学历人口比例的差距逐渐拉大,重点高校农村学生 随着学历的提高 比例下降( 比例下降(4 分)

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5.A( 5.A(委,委弃) 委弃)

6.B(排除②⑥, 写虞翻的学问, 写虞翻的讲学) 6.B(排除②⑥,②写虞翻的学问,⑥写虞翻的讲学) ②⑥

7.B(擅长音乐的是延陵) 7.B(擅长音乐的是延陵)

8.(1)做君主的如果不持重就无法展示威严,希望您稍微留意.(前句 2 分,后句 1 8.( 做君主的如果不持重就无法展示威严,希望您稍微留意.(前句 .( 分)

况且大王因为能容纳贤才, 所以天下才俊都来投奔, 如今一下子舍弃了这个美德, ( 2) 况且大王因为能容纳贤才, 所以天下才俊都来投奔, 如今一下子舍弃了这个美德, 怎么行呢?(第一句 怎么行呢?(第一句 2 分,二,三句个 1 分) ?(

9.( 一病一老,( ,(1 一在途中一已还乡.( .(1 9.(1)同:都是返乡士兵.(2 分)异:一病一老,(1 分)一在途中一已还乡.(1 都是返乡士兵.(2 .( 分)(2)对病军人的同情.(2 分)(3)以少年出征与头白返乡对比,突出戌边之长,以 )(2 对病军人的同情.(2 )(3 以少年出征与头白返乡对比,突出戌边之长, .( 十万将士与" 十万将士与"我"对比,突出战争的残酷.(4 分,每点 2 分) 对比,突出战争的残酷.(4 .(

10.( 犹且从师而问焉( 10.(1)犹且从师而问焉(2)成由勤俭败由奢(3)寻常巷陌(4)忧谗畏讥(5)山 成由勤俭败由奢( 寻常巷陌( 忧谗畏讥( 岛竦峙( 不以规矩( 岛竦峙(6)不以规矩(7)万里悲秋常作客 艰难苦恨繁霜鬓

11.点题,(1 由交代行程引出下文对神农氏的追述,( ,(2 与结尾" 11.点题,(1 分)由交代行程引出下文对神农氏的追述,(2 分)与结尾"天子坟是 点题,( 山"形成呼应.(2 分) 形成呼应.(2 .(

12.①想象,赋予神农氏呼唤上苍,有求必应的神力,突出其形象的神奇. 铺陈, 12.①想象,赋予神农氏呼唤上苍,有求必应的神力,突出其形象的神奇.②铺陈,用 象的神奇 神农氏许愿的三个片段突出其初种谷物的执著. 细节描写, 双手抠出" 神农氏许愿的三个片段突出其初种谷物的执著.③细节描写,"双手抠出","使劲地揉 搓",表现出神农氏对生长谷物的土地的热爱.(6 分,每点 2 分) 表现出神农氏对生长谷物的土地的热爱.(6 .(

寻觅种子,种植谷物. 拓荒旷野,耕耘土地. 品尝百草,治疗疾病.( .(6 13. ①寻觅种子,种植谷物.②拓荒旷野,耕耘土地.③品尝百草,治疗疾病.(6 分,每点 2 分)

14.天子坟高大如山;神农氏所体现的民族精神厚重如山; 14.天子坟高大如山; 天子坟高大如山 神农氏所体现的民族精神厚重如山;这种精神在子孙后代心中传 承,并不断发扬光大.(6 分,每点 2 分) 并不断发扬光大.(6 .(

15.D( 五四" 年代并不独指苏曼殊的作品,而是指"现代作家" 15.D("五四"时期和 40 年代并不独指苏曼殊的作品,而是指"现代作家")

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16.作者认为学术研究是"寂寞的事业" 不能把它当做谋取名利的手段 学术变革时 16.作者认为学术研究是"寂寞的事业",不能把它当做谋取名利的手段; 作者认为学术研究是 代已经过去,当下是没有学术英雄的过渡时代;没有学术英雄的时代, 代已经过去,当下是没有学术英雄的过渡时代;没有学术英雄的时代,学术也可能有高成 就.(6 分,每点 2 分) .(6

17.作者希望将来学术研究能告别平淡的常规建设阶段, 17.作者希望将来学术研究能告别平淡的常规建设阶段,近日英雄辈出的学术变革时 作者希望将来学术研究能告别平淡的常规建设阶段 代,并希望这一过渡阶段不要太长.(6 分,每点 2 分) 并希望这一过渡阶段不要太长.(6 .(

18.略 18.略

附加题

沿袭古题/唱和重复/于文或有短长/于义咸为赘剩/尚不如寓意古题/刺美见事/ 19. 沿袭古题/唱和重复/于文或有短长/于义咸为赘剩/尚不如寓意古题/刺美见事/犹 有诗人引古以讽之义焉. 有诗人引古以讽之义焉.

20.( )(2 20.(1)"风雅"代指《诗经》.《琵琶行》或《卖炭翁》.(2 分,一处 1 分)(2) 风雅"代指《诗经》.《琵琶行》 》.《琵琶行 卖炭翁》.(2 》.( 就诗歌的内容拟题,不沿袭古题.(2 就诗歌的内容拟题,不沿袭古题.(2 分) .(

21.BE( 哈姆雷特装疯卖傻 是在去英国之前.哈姆雷特觉察内情后中途逃回丹麦. 特装疯卖傻, 21.BE(B 哈姆雷特装疯卖傻,是在去英国之前.哈姆雷特觉察内情后中途逃回丹麦. 祥林嫂是《祝福》中的人物,《祝福》出自《彷徨》)( ,《祝福 》)(答对一项 E 祥林嫂是《祝福》中的人物,《祝福》出自《彷徨》)(答对一项 2 分,两项 5 分)

22.①老船夫拒收度传人的钱,体现了重义轻财, 22.①老船夫拒收度传人的钱, 体现了重义轻财,以诚相待的美好情怀②老船夫对翠翠 以诚相待的美好情怀② 的关爱, 深爱至亲的美好情怀.( .(6 的关爱,体现了善良淳朴 u 深爱至亲的美好情怀.(6 分,每点 3 分)

23.原因:南蛮王孟获发动叛乱,诸葛亮为收服人心,稳定蜀国南部边境, 23.原因:南蛮王孟获发动叛乱,诸葛亮为收服人心,稳定蜀国南部边境,决定对孟获 原因 恩威并施.结果:孟获归顺蜀汉,为蜀汉出兵中原解除了后顾之忧.(4 恩威并施.结果:孟获归顺蜀汉,为蜀汉出兵中原解除了后顾之忧.(4 分,原因 2 分,结 .( 果 2 分)

24.①门票收入是一些景区的唯一收入来源( 一些王牌景区还具有垄断性 具有垄断性( 24.①门票收入是一些景区的唯一收入来源(1 分)②一些王牌景区还具有垄断性(1 提高门票价格简便易行( 分)③门票支出在中远程旅游花费中比重较小(2 分)④提高门票价格简便易行(2 分) 门票支出在中远程旅游花费中比重较小(

25.①旅游部门应想方设法怎就中远程游客②政府应鼓励景区免费开放③ 25.①旅游部门应想方设法怎就中远程游客②政府应鼓励景区免费开放③王牌景区应 加强品牌输出,品牌旅游商品销售④文化类景区应该积极更新项目内涵( 加强品牌输出,品牌旅游商品销售④文化类景区应该积极更新项目内涵(每点 2 分,答全 四点得 9 分)

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南京市 2010 届高三第三次模拟考试 数 学

注意事项: 注意事项: 1. 本试卷共 160 分,考试时间 120 分钟. 2. 答题前,考生务必将自己的姓名,学校,班级,学号写在答题纸的密封线内,试题 的答案写在答题纸上对应题目的答案空格内,考试结束后,交回答题纸. 一,填空题(本大题共 14 小题,每小题 5 分,共 70 分) 1.设集合 A = x | x 2 x ≤ 0, x ∈ R ,则集合 A ∩ Z 中有
2

{

}

个元素.

2.某城市有大学 20 所,中学 200 所,小学 480 所.现用分层抽样的方法从中抽取一个 容量为 70 的样本进行某项调查,则应抽取的中学数为 . 3.设复数

1 i = a + bi (a, b ∈ R, i是虚数单位) ,则 a + b 的值是 1+ i

.

4. 下 图 给 出 了 一 个 算 法 的 流 程 图 , 若 输 入 a = 1, b = 2, c = 0 , 则 输 出 的 结 果 是 .

5.在一个袋子中装有分别标注数字 1,2,3,4,5 的五个小球, 这些小球除标注的数字外完 全相同. 现从中随机取出 2 个小球, 则取出的小球标注的数字之和为 6 的概率是 . 6.函数 y = sin x (

π
4

≤x≤

3π ) 的值域是 4
.

7.已知圆锥的母线长为 2,高为 3 ,则该圆锥的侧面积是 8.如果 log 2 x + log 2 y = 1 ,则 x + 2 y 的最小值是 9.已知 a, b 都是单位向量, a ib = .

1 ,则 | a b |= 2
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10.在直角坐标系 xOy 中,双曲线 x
2

y2 = 1 的左准线为 l ,则以 l 为准线的抛物线的 3

标准方程是

.
3 2

11.设直线 y = 3 x + b 是曲线 y = x 3 x 的一条切线,则实数 b 的值是 12. 如 图 , 平 面 四 边 形

ABCD



,

∠A = 600 , AD ⊥ CD , DB ⊥ BC , AB = 2 3, BD = 4, 则CD=
13. 对 函 数

f ( x) = x sin x

,













:

①函数 f ( x ) 是偶函数 ②函数 f ( x ) 的最小正周期是 2π ③点 (π , 0) 是函数 f ( x ) 的图象的一个对称中学; ④函数 f ( x ) 在区间 0, 其中是真命题的是

π π 上单调递增,在区间 2 , 0 上单调递减. 2
(写出所有真命题的序号).

14.正整数按下列方法分组: {1} , {2,3, 4} , {5, 6, 7,8,9} , {10,11,12,13,14,15,16} ,..... 记 第 n 组 中 各 数 之 和 为 An ; 由 自 然 数 的 立 方 构 成 下 列 数 组 :

{0 ,1 } , {1 , 2 } ,{2 ,3 } , {3 , 4 } ,.... 记第 n 组中后一个数与前一个数的差为 B
3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3

n,



An + Bn =
二,解答题(本大题共 6 小题,共 90 分,解答应写出文字说明,证明过程或演算步骤) 15.(本题满分 14 分) 已知 A 为锐角, sin A =

3 1 , tan( A B ) = ,求 cos 2 A及 tan B 的值. 5 2

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16.(本题满分 14 分,第 1 小题 7 分,第 2 小题 7 分) 如 图 , 直 四 棱 柱 ABCD A1 B1C1 D1 中 , 四 边 形 ABCD 是 梯 形 ,

AD // BC , AD ⊥ CD, E是 AA1 上的一点.
(1) 求证: CD ⊥ ACE ;

(2) 若平面 CBE 交 DD1 于点 F ,求证: EF // AD

17.(本题满分 14 分,第 1 小题 8 分,第 2 小题 6 分) 某品牌茶壶的原售价为 80 元/个,今有甲,乙两家茶具店销售这种茶壶,甲店用如下方法促 销:如果只购买一个茶壶,其价格为 78 元/个;如果一次购买两个茶壶,其价格为 76 元/ 个;… …,一次购买的茶壶数每增加一个,那么茶壶的价格减少 2 元/个,但茶壶的售价不 得低于 44 元/个;乙店一律按原价的 75℅销售.现某茶社要购买这种茶壶 x 个,如果全部 在甲店购买,则所需金额为 y1 元;如果全部在乙店购买,则所需金额为 y2 元. (1) 分别求出 y1 , y2 与 x 之间的函数关系式; (2) 该茶社去哪家茶具店购买茶壶花费较少? 18.(本题满分 16 分,第 1 小题 10 分,第 2 小题 6 分) 在直角坐标系 xOy 中,椭圆

x2 y 2 + = 1 的左,右焦点分别为 F1 , F2 ,点 A 为椭圆的左顶 9 4

点,椭圆上的点 P 在第一象限, PF1 ⊥ PF2 , ⊙O 的方程为 x 2 + y 2 = 4 (1) 求点 P 坐标,并判断直线 PF2 与 ⊙O 的位置关系; (2) 是否存在不同于点 A 的定点 B ,对于 ⊙O 上任意一点 M ,都有

MB 为常数, 若存在, MA
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求所以满足条件的点 B 的坐标;若不存在,说明理由.

19.(本题满分 16 分,第 1 小题 5 分,第 2 小题 5 分,第三小题 6 分) 在数列 {an } 中, a1 = 1 , an + an +1 = 3 .设 bn = an
n

1 n ×3 4

(1) 求证:数列 {bn } 是等比数列 (2) 求数列 {an } 的前 n 项的和 (3) 设 T2 n =

1 1 1 1 1 + + + ...... + ,求证: T2 n <3 a1 a2 a3 a4 a2 n

20.(题满分 16 分,第 1 小题 6 分,第 2 小题 10 分) 已知函数 f ( x ) = mx + 3, g ( x ) = x 2 + 2 x + m (1)求证:函数 f ( x ) g ( x ) 必有零点 (2)设函数 G ( x ) = f ( x ) g ( x ) 1 ①若 | G ( x ) | 在 [ 1, 0] 上是减函数,求实数 m 的取值范围; ②是否存在整数 a, b ,使得 a ≤ G ( x ) ≤ b 的解集恰好是 [ a, b ] ,若存在,求出 a, b 的值;若 不存在,说明理由.

数学附加题
解答题(本大题满分 40 分,1-4 题为选做题,每题 10 分,考生只需选做其中 2 题,多选做 的按前两题计分,5-6 题为必做题,每题 10 分) 1.(几何证明选讲选做题) 已知 AP 是 ⊙O 的切线, P 为切点, AC 是 ⊙O 的割线,与 ⊙O 交于 B, C 两点,圆心 O 在

∠PAC 的内部,点 M 是 BC 的中点.
(1) 求证: A, M , O, P 四点共圆; (2) 求 ∠OAM + ∠APM 的大小.
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2.(矩阵与变换选做题) 如果曲线 x + 4 xy + 3 y 在矩阵
2 2

1 a 2 2 的作用下变换得到曲线 x y = 1 ,求 a + b 的值 b 1

3.(坐标系与参数方程选做题) 在极坐标系中, 为极点, O 已知两点 M , N 的极坐标分别为 (4, π ) ,( 2, π ) , △OMN 求 的面积.

2 3

1 4

4.(不等式选讲做题) 求函数 f ( x ) = 3 2 x + 4 2 + x 的最大值

5.如图,正四棱锥 P ABCD 中, AB = 2, PA = 求:(1)直线 BD 与直线 PC 所成的角; (2) PBC 所成的角

3 , AC , BD 相交于点 O

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6.某校校运会期间,来自甲,乙两个班级共计 6 名学生志愿者随机平均分配到后勤组,保洁 组,检录组,并且后勤组至少有一名甲班志愿者的概率为

4 5

(1)求 6 名志愿者中来自甲,乙两个班级的学生各有几人 (2)设在后勤组的甲班志愿者的人数为 X ,求随机变量 X 的概率分布列及数学期望 E ( X )

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江苏省南京市 2010 届高三第三次模拟考试

英 语 试 题
本试卷分为第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分.共 120 分,考试时间 120 分钟.

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注意事项: 1.答第 I 卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名,准考证号,考试科目用铅笔涂写在答题卡上. 2.每小题选出答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑.如需改动,用橡 皮擦干净后,再选涂其它答案标号.不能答在试卷上.

第I卷
第一部分:听力(共两节,满分 20 分) 做题时,先将答案划在试卷上.录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案 转涂到答题卡上. 第一节 (共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 听下面 5 段对话.每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A,B,C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置.听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题.每段对话仅读一遍. 1.Who is sick? A.Both John and Jack. B.John. C.Jack. 2.What does the man think about those students? A.He approves of them. B.He thinks that they deserve the punishment. C.He feels sorry for them. 3.What can we know from the conversation? A.The man didn't phone the woman. B.The woman forgot to take the book. C.The woman has taken the book with her. 4.What day is it tomorrow? A.Thursday. B.Tuesday. C.Monday. 5.What does the man think about driving these days? A.It is expensive. B.It is difficult. C.It is frightening. 第二节 (共 15 小题;每题 1 分,满分 15 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白.每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A,B,C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置.听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个 小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,每小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间.每段对话或独白读两遍. 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6 至 8 题. 6.What were Ben and Mike quarrelling about? A.About a fighting. B.About Ben's MP3. C.About Mike's MP3. 7.What is Mike going to do? A.He's going to buy a new MP3. B.He's going to fix the broken MP3. C.He's going to talk about the MP3 with Ben's parents. 8.Who may the woman most probably be? A.Ben's mother. B.Mike's mother. C.Ben and Mike's teacher. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 9 至 10 题. 9.What's the purpose of the man's visit? A.To submit his job application.

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B.To be interviewed for a job. C.To design some children's clothes. 10.What can we infer from the conversation? A.The woman seems to be satisfied with the man. B.The woman will have a further discussion with the man. C.The woman is a designer in the company. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 11 至 13 小题. 11.Where may the two speakers most probably be? A.In the office. B.In a clothing factory. C.At home. 12.Who gave the man this piece of cloth? A.The man's mother. B.The woman's mother. C.Their friend's mother. 13.What is the man going to do tomorrow? A.To give a lecture. B.To attend a meeting. C.To go to the clothing factory. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 14 至 17 题. 14.What does the man want to do? A.To return the book Art Theory. B.To apply for a new library card. C.To borrow some books. 15.Where does the man live? A.In the school dorm. B.At 1423 West Canal Street. C.At this friend's house. 16.Checking on her computer, what does the woman discover? A.The man has changed his name. B.The man recently moved to a new place. C.There are two students with the same name. 17.What can we know from the conversation? A.Books cannot be checked out of the school library. B.This is the first time that the man has come to this library. C.The man is doing some research on art. 听第 10 段材料,回答第 18 至 20 题. 18.In which year was the Nobel Prize first a warded? A.In 1939. B.In 1919. C.In 1901. 19.When did Lessing know that she won the prize? A.As soon as the news was announced. B.A few hours after the news was announced. C.The next day after the new was announced. 20.What are many of her books about? A.Women's rights and politics. B.Science. C.Her life in Africa. 第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节, 满分 35 分) 第一节:单项填空(共 15 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A,B,C,D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项

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涂黑. 21.Most pop music is influenced, a greater or lesser degree, by the blues. A.to B.on C.for D.within when I am left alone to start a conversation with a stranger. 22.I dislike A.that B.this C.it D.one 23.What a pity! All his property, the books, the pictures and the house, consumed by the big fire. A.were B.was C.had been D.have been 24.The newspapers in my hometown don't contain as many colorful pages as the ones in Nanjing . A.contain B.do C.appear 25.--- I think this accident happened for many reasons. --- Richard is partly to blame, A.what B.which way you look at it. C.whatever D.seem

D.whichever

26.--- I hear you

at Smith's.

--- Yes, I there for about three months. A.work; had been working B.worked; was working C.are working; have been working D.worked; have worked 27.The company has changed some of its working practices

complaints and criticism

from the customers. A.in respect to B.in return for C.in exchange for D.in response to 28.They want to employ 90 people, last year. A.three times as many as B.more than three times C.as three times as D.three times that they did 29.--- How do you find the movie The Cove? --sad. It a bloody picture of dolphins being killed. A.Looks; presents B.Looking; presents C.Looks; presented D.Looked; presented 30.Though having discussed it for long, they still haven't reached an agreement should pour more money into the project. A.that B.if 31.The idea of traveling abroad really

they

C.whether D.what a lot of Chinese people. That's why every year D.appeals to we think will benefit us in

witnesses more people applying for passports. A.takes to B.caters to C.attends to 32.Our teacher urges us to form a good habit of learning,

the long term. A.what B.that C.which D.who 33. from the operation, the patient was advised to stay in hospital for another two weeks. A.Having not fully recovered B.Being not fully recovered

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C.Not having fully recovered 34.You can't complain of being lonely

D.Not fully recovering you don't make an effort to meet people and D.though

make friends with them. A.while B.when C.whenever 35.--- Could you fetch me my glasses from the kitchen? --. A.It's a pleasure C.It doesn't matter

B.At your service D.That's my pleasure

第二节 完型填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 36—55 各题所给的四个选项(A,B,C 和 D)中, 选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑. My parents passed away ten years ago and I miss them terribly. But I know they are with me every day in what they taught me and in the 36 they gave me. Every morning my father's message to me was: Remember that 37 you walk out of this door, you carry responsibility, the good name of this family, the hopes and dreams of your mom and dad. My mother often urged me to 38 the high standards she set for me. When I was in high school, I played in a rock band with friends in my class. We were devoted and practiced constantly. We moved past the guys – in – a – garage stage and 39 to be pretty good, doing getting – paid gigs (演奏会) most weekends, which made me 40 . At that time, though part of me was 41 up in that band, another part of me was the oldest son in the Clark family, 42 of my origin and a dedicated student busy applying to colleges. Without even telling my parents, I applied to Harvard. I didn't think I had much chance of getting in, 43 I wanted to try. So I was riding around being Mr Cool Rock Musician half of the time, and the other half I was focused on family and 44 goals. I was running on parallel 45 . When the group won a city wide Battle of the Bands, things heated up. My band mates had stars in their eyes – we might be able to make it big. However, I began to feel 46 . I realized I was on quite different tracks: I 47 was becoming two people, 48 identities back and forth depending on who I was with. I had to make an option. As I considered my 49 , my parents' words were right there, helping me to see that my dreams weren't about signing a record deal, letting my hair grow, and living in a tour bus. So I 50 out. My bandmasters were 51 . They thought I was crazy to withdraw 52 the peak of real success. But however successful that band got, I knew it wasn't in line with my 53 , with my feeling of what I was 54 to do, with who I was – it simply wasn't me. In that instant and in many others throughout my life, my parent's advice has helped me recenter and 55 . I could remember who I was – the hopes and dreams I carried. 36.A.property B.advice C.guide D.aid 37.A.when B.before C.while D.since 38.A.come up with B.stand up to C.live up to D.keep pace with 39.A.got B.failed C.hoped D.attempted 40.A.lost B.disappointed C.confused D.thrilled 41.A.wrapped B.centred C.spent D.offered 42.A.scared B.proud C.guilty D.ashamed

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43.A.if B.unless C.until D.yet 44.A.economic B.political C.academic D.literary 45.A.tracks B.ways C.processes D.directions 46.A.confident B.optimistic C.cheerful D.uncomfortable 47.A.exactly B.actually C.eventually D.fortunately 48.A.switching B.acting C.discovering D.seeking 49.A.conditions B.choices C.competence D.health 50.A.gave B.looked C.called D.dropped 51.A.disturbed B.cool C.shocked D.tolerant 52.A.in B.to C.by D.at 53.A.goals B.interests C.personality D.consideration 54.A.meant B.demanded C.forced D.aimed 55.A.recall B.refocus C.rebuild D.reunite 第三部分:阅读理解(共 15 小题,每题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A,B,C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑. A Most book reviews start with a heading that includes all the basic information about the book, like: Title. Author. Place of publication; publisher, date of publication. Number of pages. Like most pieces of writing, the review usually begins with an introduction that lets your readers know what the review will say. The first paragraph usually includes the author and title again, so your readers don't have to look up to find this information. You should also include a very brief description of the contents of the book, the purpose or audience for the book, and your reaction and evaluation. Then you move into a section of background information that helps place the book in context and discusses criteria for judging the book. Next, the review gives a summary of the main points of the book, quoting(引用) and explaining key phrases from the author. Finally, you get to the heart of your review – your evaluation of the book. In this section, you might discuss some of the following issues: how well the book has achieved its goal what possibilities are suggested by the book what the book has left out how the book compares with others on the subject what specific points are not convincing what personal experiences you've had related to the subject. It is important to use labels to carefully distinguish your views from the author's, so that you don't confuse your reader. Then, like other essays, you can end with a direct comment on the book, and tie together issues raised in the review in a conclusion. There is, of course, no set form, but a general rule is that the first one – half to two – thirds of
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the review should summarize the author's main ideas and at least one – third should evaluate the book. 56.What is the most important part of a book review? A.The heading. B.The evaluation. C.The conclusion. D.The introduction. 57.It can be confusing to readers if . A.there is no heading in a book review B.the book has achieved its goal C.the viewer's point of view is not distinguished from the author's D.the book is compared with others on the same subject 58.What is NOT suggested for a book review in this passage? A.Quoting from the author of the book. B.Providing some book information. C.Analyzing only the author of the book. D.Comparing the book with others of a similar subject. 59.The best title for this passage is " ". A.Steps to follow B.Tips for writing a book review C.The way to develop your idea D.Things not to be avoided in a book review B We typically associate the word "science" with a person in a white coat doing experiments in a laboratory. Ideally, experiments should play as big a role in the human sciences as they do in the natural sciences; but in practice this is not usually the case. The are at least three reasons for this. 1.Human scientists are often trying to make sense of complex real world situations in which it is simply impossible to run controlled experiment. 2.The artificiality of some of the experiments that can be conducted may make the behavior of the participants abnormal. 3.There are moral reasons for not conducting experiments that have a negative effect on the people who participate in them. Faced with the above difficulties, what are human scientists to do? One solution is to wait for nature to provide the appropriate experimental conditions. We can, for example, learn something about how a normal brain functions by looking at people who have suffered brain damage; and we can gain some understanding into the roles played by genes and the environment by studying twins, who have been separated at birth and brought up in different families. In the case of economics, economic history can provide us with a bank of-admittedly not very well-controlled-experimental data. However, human scientists do not just sit around waiting for natural experiments to arise. They also think of some experiments of their own. Suppose you want to know how a baby sees the world. We cannot, of course, ask the baby since it has not yet learnt to speak. So it might seem that all we can do is guess. People usually won't change their mind until it was found out that babies tend to stare at surprising things longer than at unsurprising ones. This key understanding was like opening a window on to the developing mind. There was now a way of testing babies' expectations and getting some idea of how they are six months old, babies can already do the
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following things: figuring out that objects consist of parts that move together being aware of the difference between living and non-living things and even doing simple arithmetic work. 60.What is true about the natural sciences and the human sciences according to this passage? A.Both human scientists and natural scientists can run controlled experiments. B.Experiments done by human scientists and natural scientists are artificial. C.Both human and natural science experiments should be of the same importance. D.It's not moral to conduct human science experiments. 61.What do we know about human scientists from this passage? A.They are white coat scientists. B.They have more experimental sources than natural scientists. C.They conduct experiments passively. D.They face more difficulties in carrying out their research. 62.Which of the following experiments belongs to human science experiment? A. Vinegar Volcano Vinegar and baking soda make. for a fun and easy science experiment. Try creating a vinegar volcano. B. Taste Without Smell Put your senses to the test with this simple experiment that shows the importance of your sense of smell. C. Lung Function Observe your breath and confirm your lung volume by completing this experiment. D. Make a Rainbow Use sunlight and water to make your own rainbow with this cool experiment that will teach kids how rainbows work while they enjoy a fun activity 63.What does the author tell us in this passage? A.ABCs about the science experiment. B.Some knowledge of science. C.Some differences between the human sciences and the natural sciences. D.The similarity of the natural sciences and the human sciences. C The massive 8.8 quake, the seventh strongest in recorded history, hit Chile and should have shortened the length of an Earth day by 1.26 milliseconds, More impressive is how much the quake shifted the Earth's axis(地轴). The computer mode! Used to determine the effects of the Chile earthquake effect also found that it should have moved the Earth's figure axis by about 8 cm. The Earth's figure figure axis is not the same as its north-south axis, which Earth turns around once every day at a speed of about 1,604 kph. The figure axis is the axis around which the Earth's mass is balanced. It is offset(偏 离) from the Earth's north-south axis by about 10 meters. Strong earthquakes can change Earth's days and its axis. The 9.1 Sumatran earthquake in
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2004, which set off a deadly tsunami(海啸),should have shortened Earth's days by 0.0068 milliseconds and shifted its axis by about 7cm. One Earth day is about 24 hours long. Over the course of a year, the length of a day normally changes gradually by one millisecond, It increases in the winter when Earth more slowly, and decreases in the summer. The Chile earthquake was much smaller than the Sumatran quake, but its effects on the Earth are larger because of its location. The fault 断层) responsible for the 2010 Chile quake also cuts ( through Earth at a larger angle that the Sumatran quake's fault. This makes the Chile fault ore effective in moving the Earth's mass vertically and hence more effective in shifting the Earth's figure axis. The findings are based on early date available on the Chile earthquake. The Chile earthquake has killed more than 700 people and cause widespread damage in the South American country. 64.What's the biggest problem caused by the Chile quake? A.It is the seventh strongest in recorded history. B.It should have shortened the length of an Earth day. C.It shifted the Earth's axis. D.It made the day longer on Earth. 65.Comparing the Sumatram earthquake with the Chile earthquake, we know that . A.the Sumatram earthquake had more effect on Earth B.the location of the Chile earthquake is responsible for its larger effects on Earth. C.the Sumatram earthquake was less destructive D.the Chile earthquake fault changed the Earth's mass 66.What does the word "it" in the 4th paragraph refer to? A.The leng of a day. B.The axis. C.One millisecond. D.The change of the day. D Al had been working in this factory only eleven months, but he excelled at everything he did. He looked for new tasks-as an opportunity to gain experience. To him, mistakes were not to be denied but considered an opportunity to learn. He was, by far, the most capable man among his workmates, One day, when he was finishing his work of the day, he heard Jack calling him. "What are you going to do about…?" asked Jack. "I'll come off the end rail," interrupted Al. "No, I mean about Joe's promotion?" "I'm going back to school," Al said. "Excuse me!" "I'm going back to school," Al repeated. "You mean you're quitting!" Was it that simple? Is this why there was so much misery in men's lives? "I'm going back to school" was just an excuse, and Al knew it, thought Jack, or Al would not be drunk. It seemed that Al would rather get drunk than fight for his happiness. But why? Jack had no answer. "Yes, and I'm going back to school. I don't know what else to do. I can't believe that this kind of thing can happen. Maybe if I get more education and a better job, it will be different." "Do you really believe that?"
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"Well, what do you want we to do?" Al was getting angry: "I can't stay here! I can't work where the most incapable get the biggest reward! I can't kill Joe and the boss like…" Al stopped. They both knew what this meant. "Like I did?" Al did not answer.

"Yes, I killed two men with my bare hands; yes, I got punished and lost my job-but I kept my soul!"
Al undertood the hidden statement. Al did not know whether it was his anger, or the beer, or both that made him less cautious in the face. He held his hands firmly. Then be heard Jack: "You've got the right idea, Al. You've got to fight." Al needed to think. Instead of taking the subway, he walked five miles back home. By the time he entered his bedroom, he climbed into bed. Turned off his mind, and fell asleed. 67.Choose from the following a right word to describe Jack. A.Tough. B.Incapable. C.Lazy. D.Talkative.

68.Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage? A.Jack was not happy about Joe's promotion. B.Al and jack were workmates. C.The conversation between Al and Jack happened in their workplace. D.The conversation between Al and Jack happened during the working hours. 69.What can we infer from the underlined part? A.Jack thinks Al has lost his soul. B.Jack used to be a killer. C.Al would be a killer. D.Don't be a killer like Jack. 70.Which of the following is true about Al at the end of the story? A.Al felt so tired from the long walk home and couldn't help falling asleep. B.Al and made up his mind and knew what to do. C.Al forgot all that had happened. D.Al was too confused to think further.

第二卷(两部分,共 35 分)
第四部分:任务型阅读(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 请认真阅读下列短文, 并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入最恰当的单词. 注 意:每空格 1 个单词. Are you a procrastinator? Following a schedule and doing things on time is extremely important in today's busy world. Unfortunately, not everyone is good at doing this. Many people are procrastinators; they put off doing things that they need to until it's too late. We all put off doing things at times. Statistics show that 90% of university students will often
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put off studying for a test or writing an important paper the night before, 25% of university students put off almost everything all the time. This more serious form of procrastination can result in a student dropping out of school. Students who put off doing their assignments once in a while get further and further behind in their studies. Before long, they feel completely helpless. For the chronic (长期的) procrastinator, often the only way to solve this problem is to quit school. According to recent studies, there are three main reasons that students put off doing things. First, many have poor time-management skills and often try to do too much in too little time. In the end, these students often feel helpless and will put off doing many things they need to. Another reason why students put off doing things is that they feel a subject is boring and have something because they don't like it. a third reason why many students put off doing things is that they often worry that their work will never be as good as it should be and fear failure of any kind, which, unfortunately , can often cause these students to put off doing any work at all. Do you recognize any of these signs in yourself? If so, you may want to do something about your tendency towards procrastination. The following five tips may be helpful. First, list the things in life that are important to you, and then list the reasons why you are at school or university. Look at the two lists and see where they match. Is there something you need to do in order to achieve a life goal? Second, chose realistic goals for yourself; don't try to do more than you can. Third, once you have identified our goals, list them and ask yourself "Which should I do first?" As you become more aware of what you need to do and when you need to do it, you will feel more in control and will be able to complete tasks on time. Fourth, manage your time wisely. Create a schedule that allows adequate time for accomplishing a goal; for example, your schedule should give you enough time to study for and pass a test, as well as time to relax. Finally, when you accomplish a goal, do something good for yourself as a reward. If you believe that you are a chronic procrastinator, you should try to get help before it is too late. Talk to a professional, and discuss the problem. If you are a mild procrastinator, make sure to keep yourself motivated, but don't worry too much. Remember-we all put off doing things at times. Title: Are you a procrastinator? . Everyone puts off doing things(71) Frequency of procrastination 90% of university students will often put off dong things. 25% of university students (72) doing things all (73) _that procrastination will lead to the time. At the beginning, they get further and further behind in their studies. Before long, they feel completely helpless. For the chronic procrastinator, often he or she has no (74) but to quit school. First, many are not skillful at managing time well. Second, they feel a subject is boring, which makes it difficult for them to (75) on an assignment. Third, they expect to do everything(76) and fear failure of any kind.
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Main reasons for procrastination

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(77) procrastination

to avoiding

First, identify your life goals. Second, choose realistic goals for yourself Third, list your goals in order of priority. way. Fourth, manage your time in a (78) Finally, (79) yourself for accomplishing a goal. For a chronic procrastinator,(80) a professional. For a mild procrastinator, make sure to keep yourself motivated, and don't worry too much.

Advice to procrastinators

第五部分

书面表达(满分 25 分)

自哥本哈根气候大会以来,"实行低碳经济","过低碳生活"已成为人们关注的热门 话 题. 最近你班就这个话题展开了热烈的讨论. 请你根据下表所提供的信息, 21st Century 写 给 篇文章,报道你们班的讨论情况. 为什么要"实行低碳经济" 如何走"绿色发展道路" 温室气体大量排放,污染严重,环境恶化 1.植树造林 2.开发清洁能源和再生性能源 3.回收和利用废弃物 (联系自己拟定内容,至少列举两点)

过低碳生活如何"从我做起"

注意: 1.对所给要点,逐一陈述,适当发挥,不要简单翻译. 2.词数 150 左右.开头已经写好,不计入总词数. 3.文章中不得提及考生所在学校及本人姓名. Since the Copenhagen Climate Conference, carrying out low carbon common & living a low carbon life has been a hot topic. Recently our class had a heated discussion about it. Through the discussion, we are fully aware of the necessity of carrying out a low carbon economy in our country.

参考答案
第一部分: 1—5 CBCAA 6—10 BACBA 11—15 CBACA 16—20 CBCBA 第二部分: 21—25 ACBBD 26—30 CDAAC 31—35 DCCBB 36—40 BACAD 41—45 ABDCA 46—50 DBABD 51—55 CDAAB 第三部分: 56—60 BCCBC 61—65 DCCCB 66—70 AADAB 第四部分 71. sometimes/ occasionally 74. choice / option / alternative 77. Approaches 78. wise Possible version:
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72. delay / postpone 73. Consequences / Results 75. concentrate / focus 76. perfectly / well 79. reward 80. consult

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Since the Copenhagen Climate Conference, carrying out low carbon common & living a low carbon life has been a hot topic. Recently our class had a heated discussion about it. Through the discussion, we are fully aware of the necessity of carrying out a low carbon economy in our country. Fossil fuels have been mainly used for power for quite a long time, thus producing large quantities of greenhouse gases and causing serious pollution. People have paid more attention to economic growth than the environmental protection. / People have given priority to economic growth over the environmental protection. If the situation continues, China will die of its own development. During the discussion, my classmates put forward the following suggestions about how to take a green development path. First, more trees should be planted to expand forest coverage. Second, clean energy and renewable energy should be developed. Third, many this that people throw away should be recycled and reused. We all think it everyone's duty to live a low carbon life. We should try to save every bit of water and electricity. We should use public transportation as much as possible. Besides, we should call on people around us to make contributions to creating a green homeland.

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