nbhkdz.com冰点文库

写作常用句型与过渡词语

时间:2011-09-13


写作常用句型与过渡词语

①【常见开篇句】 1) With the rapid improvement in.../growing awareness of..., more and more.../sth.... 1 ?随着…的飞速发展/越来越多的关注,越来越…? (e.g. With the considerable improvement in building industry, more and more structures are being erected to set the people's minds at ease.) 例:随着建筑业的大力推进,人们对建立越来越多的房屋建筑感到宽心。? 2) Recently, sth./the problem of...has been brought to popular attention/ has become the focus of public concern. 2 近来,某事/某问题引起了人们的普遍关注/成了公众关注的焦点。? (e.g. Recently, the problem of unemployment has been brought to such popular attention that governments at all levels place it on the agenda as the first matter.) 例:近来失业问题引起了人们的普遍关注,各级政府已把它列为首要议程。? 3) One of the universal issues we are faced with/that cause increasing concern is that... 3 我们面临的一个普遍问题是… /一个越来越引人关注的普遍问题是… ? (e.g. One of the universal issues that draw (cause) growing concern is whether it is wise of man to have invented the automobile.) 例:一个越来越引人关注的普遍问题是,发明汽车是否为人? 4) In the past few years, there has been a boom/sharp growth/decline in.. . 4 在过去的几年里,…经历了突飞猛进/迅猛增长/下降。? (e.g. In the past ten years, there has been a sharp decline in the number of species.) 例: 在过去的几年里,物种数量骤然下降。? 5) Nowadays, more/most important/dangerous for our society is... 5 如今对我们社会更 (最) 为重要的 (危险的) 事情是…? (e.g. Nowadays, most dangerous for our society is the tendency to take advantage of each other in political circles.) 例:对我们社会最为危险的事情是政界倾向于互相利用。? 6) According to the information given in the table/graph, we can find that... 6 根据图表资料,我们可以发现…? 7) As can be seen from the table/graph/figure, there is a marked increase /decline/favorable (an unfavorable) change in... 7 根据图表(数字)显示,…明显增长(下降)/发生了有利(不利)变化。?

8) As we can see from the table/graph/figure above, drastic/considerable/ great changes have taken place in...over the period of time from...(年 份)to...( 年份) 8 据上面图表(数字)所示,从某年到某年某方面发生了剧烈的(相当大的;巨 大的)变 化。? 9) The table/graph shows that there is a(n) declining/increasing trend of ...from...(年份) to...(年份) 9 ? 图表显示,从某年到某年某方面有下降(增长)的趋势。? 10) Anyone who takes a closer look at the data in the table/graph can be surprised to find that... 10 ?任何人只要仔细看一看图表中的资料就会惊讶地发现…? 11) It is a traditional practice to...in our society. 11 在我们的社会里…是一个传统的做法。? (e.g. It is a traditional practice for young people to be financially dependent on their parents for anything like marriage and housing.) 例:象婚姻和住房这些方面,年轻人在经济上依赖于他们的父母,是属于传统的 做法。? 12) It has long been considered only right and proper to...(in China.) 12 (在中国)…长期以来被视为是理所应该的。? (e.g. It has long been considered only right and proper/perfectly justified for the old to assume full responsibility for the growth of the young.) 例:上一代为下一代的成长承担完全的责任,长期以来被视为是理所应该的(完 全合理的) 13) As things usually go against sb.'s will, his original intention was to... 13 往往事与愿违,他本来的目的是要…? (e.g. As things usually go against man's will, his original intention was to change the way people lived by inventing the internal combustion engine. Indeed, its birth has greatly enhanced their enjoyment of life, especially in traveling and transporting. But its dark side is presenting a growing worry to our society.) 例:往往事与愿违,他本来的目的是要通过发明内燃发动机来改变人们的生活方 式。这种内 燃机的诞生确实大大地方便了人们的生活,尤其是旅行和运输。但 其不利的一面却给我们社 会带来了越来越多的忧虑。? 14) The current situation of..., if approached from the opposite angle, reveals that... 14 如果从对立的角度来看, …的当前形势显示…? (e.g. The current situation of our reforms is political structure, if approached from the opposite angle, reveals that much of the achievement is far from

satisfactory. For example,...But...) 例: 如果从对立的角度来看, 政治体制改革的当前形势显示, 其成就远不如人意。 例如…, 但是…? 15) Everything about...seems (not) to be getting on smoothly/just as one wishes in... 15 关于…似乎一切进展顺利(正如某人的意愿发展)。? (e.g. Everything about the economic reform seems to be getting on just as our government wishes in China.) 例:中国经济改革的形势似乎正朝着政府所期望的方向发展。?

16) To sb.'s mind/In sb.'s eye(s), sth. seems/means... 16 ? 在某人看来, 某事似乎 (意味着) …? (e.g. In the eyes of the public, official corruption means taking bribes,. ..But such corruption comes in many different forms.) 例:在公众的眼里,官员腐败意味着收受贿赂,…但腐败却以许多不同的形式出 现。? 17) No one would deny that... 17 ? 没有人会否认…? 或:Everyone would agree that... 或:…,这一点毫无异议。 ? 18) When it comes to...(sth.), most people (the public) maintain(s)/contend(s) that... 18 ? 说到…, 大多数人 (公众) 坚持认为 (争辩说) …? (e.g. When it comes to fake commodities, every consumer has much anger to pour upon them.) 例:说到假货,每一个消费者对他们都有一通怒气要发泄。? 19) Now it is widely believed that... 19 ? 现在人们普遍认为…? (e.g. Now it is widely believed that examinations are the best possible measure for the selection of the qualified.) 例:现在人们普遍认为,各种考试是选拔合格人才的最佳手段。? 20) A public debate has arisen as to/over/concerning... 20 ? 关于…公众就此展开了一场辩论。 ? (e.g. A public debate has arisen as to whether one should step forward bravely in the event of crime.) 例:当有人犯罪时,一个人是否应当勇敢地站出来制止,公众就此展开了一场讨 论。 21) All that sth. has done for our society seems like a big step forward in the right/wrong direction, but it has also brought along with it a great

worry /benefit to...(the average people.) (sth.: cloning, the reform in managerial structures, etc.) 21 ? 某事物(如克隆、经营管理机构改革等)对于我们的社会似乎在正确(错 误)的方向 ?走出了一大步,但同时也给普通大众带来了极大的忧虑(好处)。 ? 22) The birth/invention of...has made an enormous/essential difference to ...But it does not mean that... 22 ? …的诞生(发明)对…产生了巨大的(重要的)影响,但这并不意味着… ? (e.g. The birth of the computer has made a radical difference to the human progress. But it does not mean that this wonder does no threat to our society.) 例:计算机的诞生对人类进步产生了极其重大的影响,但这并不意味着这一创举 不会威胁到 我们的社会。? 23) Sth. has changed the way our society develops....But its bright side should not keep us from following closely its dark side. (sth.: the genetic engineering, etc.) 23 ? 事物(如生物工程等)改变了我们社会发展的道路…但其好的一面不应 使我们同时受 其坏的一面的影响。? 24) Things about...are going on to our advantage, but a long cool look at ...reveals that... 24 ? …正朝着对我们有利的方向发展? (e.g. Things about the reform in state enterprises are not going on to the most workers' advantage....But a long cool look at this move reveals that it will produce some substantial benefits to our nation in a long run.) 例:国企改革有悖于大多数工人的利益…但如果认真冷静地来看待这一举措,从 长远来看, 它将给国家带来一些巨大的好处。 ? 25) No/Little doubt that...But... 25 ? 毫无疑问…但是…? (e.g.[There is] Little doubt that the traditional schooling has contributed much to our social development....But some grave defects in it begin to stand out against the modern times.) 例:毫无疑问,传统教育为我们的社会发展作出了很大的贡献…但传统教育的一 些严重缺陷 与我们的时代相抵触。? 26) What does sth. mean? 26 ? 这(某事物)意味着什么呢?? 27) How/Why does sth. affect our life? 27 ? 某事物是如何影响我们的生活的呢(为什么会影响我们的生活呢)??

28) What is it like to do...? 28 ? ……是怎样(一种情况)呢?? (e.g. What is it like to have lost all confidence in oneself?) 例:一个人完全失去自信是怎样一种情况呢?? 29) What would our society be like if there were no...? 29 ? 如果没有……,那我们的社会会怎样呢?? (e.g. What would our society be like if there were no public morals?) 例:如果没有公共道德,那我们的社会会怎样呢?? 30) Should we put sth. above sth. else? 30 ? 我们是否可以将 A 置于 B 之上呢? 或:Should we attach as much weight to A as to B? 或: 我们是否可以对 A 和 B 同等重视呢?? (e.g. Should we put intellectual development above moral education?) 例:我们是否可以将增长知识置于道德教育之上呢?? 31) Sth. is often referred to as/defined as... 31 ? 某事物常常被视为/定义为……;人们常常将某事物视为/定义为……。 ? (e.g. Corrupt officials are often referred to as the most dangerous borers in our government bodies, who are nibbling away the healthy organism of our party by dishonest means.) 例:腐败官僚常常被视为我们政府机构中最危险的蛀虫,他们行为不轨,蚕噬着 我们党的健 康肌体。? 32) (Doing) Sth. is just the same as.../is compared to.../is likened to.. ./is like... 32 ? (做) 某事物就如同……/可以比作……/类似于……/就像……。 ? (e.g. Life in the middle of marriage is often compared to wire walking, for in the early years spouses attract each other and in late years they need each other.) 例:婚姻生活常被比作走钢丝绳,最初几年里夫妻相互吸引,而往后的岁月里他 们则相互需 要对方。? 33) Sth. is to...what sth. else is to... 33 ? 某事物之于……就像另一事物之于……? (e.g. An individual human existence is to the human society what a river is to the ocean, small and busy rushing past rocks at first, but gradually growing wider and quieter until it becomes merged in the ocean in the end.) 例:个体自然人的存在之于人类社会就如同河流之于海洋,起初细流跳涌,穿砂 过石,然后 渐渐变得宽阔而深沉,直到最后汇入大海。 34) To/For/With most people/sb., sth. is/means... 34 ? 对大部分人/某人来说,某事物就是/意味着……? (e.g. To dishonest people, a friend means a target or an object that is of some use to them

at present or in the future.) 例:对心怀叵测的人来说,朋友就是一个靶子或者一个目标,在当前或未来有利 可图。? 35) Sth. is the symbol/mark/equivalent of.../is symbolic of.../is equivalent to... 35 ? 某事物是……的象征/标志/对等物//相当(等同)于……/象征着…… ? (e.g. If selling one's sex is the mark of degeneration, selling one's power is equivalent to committing crime.) 例:如果说出卖肉体是堕落的标志的话,出卖手中的权力就等同于犯罪。? 36) Suppose/Imagine that.../Let's suppose/assume/imagine (that)... 36 ? 假设/试想……;我们假设/假定/试想……? (e.g. Suppose, by any chance, you heartily disagree with anything that is going on about you, you are less likely to stay on the good side of people around you.) 例:假设,不管怎样,你自己内心都不认同自己,你就更不可能取得周围人的好 感。? 37) We often find ourselves caught/involved in a dilemma whether... 37 ? 我们常常不知不觉地陷入了一种窘境:是……还是……呢。? (e.g. We often find ourselves caught in a dilemma whether we should reach for the bear's paw or for the shark's fin/whether to reach for...) 例:我们常常不知不觉就陷入了这样一种窘境:我们谋熊掌还是鲨鳍。? 38) If/In case/In the event that..., it is better to.../a better course is to.../sb. has no choice/option/alternative but to.../all we want to know is ho w... 38 ? 如果/万一/在……的情况下,最好……/……更为妥当/某人将只能……, 除此以外别 无选择/别无他途。/我们只想知道怎样……? (e.g. In the event that you fall in a love river, all we want to know is how you will swim in it, as you are no longer a fisherman.) 例:万一你坠入爱河,我们只想知道你会怎样在里面游走,因为你已经不再是渔 夫了。? 39) Unfortunately, sth. may affect sb.'s life to the point where... 39 ? 不幸的是,某事物对人们生活的影响可能达到……的地步。? (e.g. Unfortunately, the desire to be well thought of affects one's life to the point where he is reluctant to say no to anyone else regarding anything.) 例:不幸的是,赢得人们好感的愿望对人的生活的影响可能达到他对任何人任何 事都不情愿 拒绝的地步。? 40) In our life, there often appears such an occasion when.../on which... (或 it often happens that...) 40 ? 在我们生活中常常出现这样一种情况/这样一幕,就是当……/那就 是…… (或: …… 的现象屡见不鲜) ? (e.g. In our daily life, there appears such an occasion when we drink success to our work in one field but, at

the same time, begin to do great damage to other fields.) 例:在我们日常生活中,往往会出现这样一种情况,就是当我们陶醉于我们工作 中某一领域 的成功时,同时也开始给其他领域的工作带来损害。? 41) “...” That is how one of the great minds/scientists/writers remarked on... 41 ? “……”这就是伟大的思想家/科学家/作家之一对此的评论。? (e.g. “Happiness, like an old friend, is inclined to drop in unexpectedly — when you're working hard on something else.” That is how a famous writer once remarked on happiness.) 例:“幸福,就像一位老朋友,总是突如其来,出乎意料——而你当时正忙碌于 另一事情。 ”这就是一位著名的作家曾经关于幸福的一番评论。? 42) One of the great sociologists/psychologists has said:“...” 42 ? 一位伟大的社会学家/心理学家曾经说过:“……”? (e.g. The great classical ballerina Anna Pavlova has said: “No one can arrive from being talented alone. God gives talent; work transforms talent into genius.” In other words ...) 例:伟大的女芭蕾舞演员安娜?巴甫洛娃曾经说过:“天生禀赋并非某一个人的 专利。上帝 赐予人们天赋,汗水化天赋为天才。”换句话说,……? 43) “...” Such is the accurate exposition/exposure of...frequently over heard in public. 43 ? “……” 这就是对公众中众说纷纭的……的深刻揭露。 ? (e.g. “Public morals are declining day by day.” Such is the correct exposure of the dark side of our society.) 例:“公共道德日渐堕落。”这就是对我们社会阴暗面的准确揭露。? 44) How often nowadays we hear such remarks/complaints/words as this “...” or “...”! 44 ? 当今, 这样的言论/抱怨/话不绝于耳: “……”或者“……”! ? (e.g. How often nowadays we hear such complaints from officials as this “I have too many social engagements to carry out” or “I have too many social engagements to carry out” or “I have to bear too many titles for our society”! Don't be misled by the complaints of this kind!) 例:当今,从官僚层传来这样的怨言不绝于耳:“我要实施的社会事业太多了” 或者“社会 各种名号太多,而我们不得不背负起来”!千万不要被诸如此类的 怨言所误导!? 45) One of the great men once said that... 45 ? 一位伟人曾经说过,……? (e.g. A gifted American psychologist once said that it is an illusion to believe in the Sunday-school truth—more comfort, more happiness.) 例:美国一位天才的心理学家曾经说过,相信教会假日学校之真理——多一点慰 藉,多一点 快乐——乃是一种幻觉。?

46) Once in a newspaper/magazine, I hit upon the report that... 46 ? 我曾在一份报纸/一本杂志上偶尔看到这样一篇报道:? (e.g. Once in a newspaper, I hit upon the news that a quick witted policeman spotted a suspect's spittle in the street blotted it up and ran a DNA test on it which led to the man's arrest for a murder. This case best counts as a practical application of the DNA technique.) 例:我曾在一份报纸上偶尔看到这样一则新闻:一个智谋过人的警察在大街上看 见一个嫌疑 犯的一团唾沫后将唾沫收集起来,并对它进行 DNA 测试,最后推断 出凶手并将之逮捕。这一案例可以作为阐述 DNA 技术实际应用的最好的实例。? 47) One day, I happened to witness the incident as follows:... 47 ? 一天,我碰巧亲眼看见这一事件,过程如下……? 3) According to the recent survey/poll/questionaire/statistics, there is/a re...percent of... 3 ? 根据最近的调查/投票/问卷调查/统计来看,有百分之……? (e.g. According to a recent survey made in a certain university, there are 43.8 percent of male students and 38.3 percent of female students either facing problems with nutrition or having to miss classes because of illness each term.) 例:最近在某大学所做的一个调查显示,有 43.8%的男生和 38.3%的女生面临营 养问题或者每期都因病缺课。? 48) The scientific studies/statistics show/indicate that... 48 ? 科学研究/科学的统计数字显示/表明……? (e.g. The latest scientific studies show that, if one's mind catches hold of something and does not let it go, it is useless to argue with the mind in this condition. This finding further confirms that a modern man is apt to get anxious and depressed.) 例:最近的科学研究显示,如果人的思想突然把握到某一事物并抓住不放,在这 种情况下就 算是同它争辩也是徒劳。 这一发现进一步证实现代人容易变得焦躁、 情绪低落。? 49) Every weekend sees sb. go about... 49 ? 某人每个周末都/总是……? (e.g. Every weekend sees Ms Song, my roommate, wolf down her dinner and hurry out with her boy friend.) 例:每个周末,与我同住一室的宋小姐总是狼吞虎咽地吃完晚饭,然后急匆匆地 同男朋友出 去了。??


赞助商链接

【词汇】英语作文常用过渡词句

词汇】英语作文常用过渡词句 ———摘自知米背单词官方论坛 通常考研英语高分作文不是胜在复杂句式或单词,而是胜在“衔接词”,精彩的衔接词更能 让你的作文极富...

考研写作常用句型与过渡词语

第五部分 写作常用句型与过渡词语 英语的句型千姿百态,就像一个词可以有许多同义词一样,一种句型也可以有许多具有相同意思 但不同模式的类型。我们只有对这些变化...

写作常用句型与过渡词语

写作常用句型与过渡词语 英语的句型千姿百态,就像一个词可以有许多同义词一样,一种句型也可以有许多具有相同意思 但不同模式的类型。我们只有对这些变化多端的句型...

过渡词,各种句型,写作必备

过渡词,各种句型,写作必备_英语考试_外语学习_教育专区。过渡词语的分类 常用的过渡词根据意思和作用的不同,可以分为以下十一类: 1) 用以解释的过渡词,比如:now...

写作句型及过渡词汇

写作句型过渡词汇_英语学习_外语学习_教育专区。英语作文常用句型 一、根据衔接词本身在文章中起到的作用,分以下四类,即“起”、“承”、“转”、“合”。 ...

八下英语作文常用过渡词和常用句型

八下英语作文常用过渡词常用句型_初中作文_初中教育_教育专区。八下英语作文常用过渡词常用句型表文章结构顺序 First of all, Firstly/First Finally/In the ...

专四作文起始常用句型及结尾过渡词

专四作文起始常用句型及结尾过渡词_英语学习_外语学习_教育专区。Introductory paragraph: (开门见山型) 1. With the (rapidly) growing popularity of … in ...

写作常用句型与过渡词语(专四专八)

专八经典写作句型 25页 免费如要投诉违规内容,请到百度文库投诉中心;如要提出功能问题或意见建议,请点击此处进行反馈。 写作常用句型与过渡词语(专四专八) 隐藏>>...

英语书面表达常用句型和常用衔接过渡短语

英语书面表达常用句型和常用衔接过渡短语_高一英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区。阿萨德...书面表达中过渡连接词最常见的几种类型: 1. 添加信息 furthermore, besides, ...

概要写作中的常用句式及过渡性词语

第七节 概要写作中的常用句式过渡词语一、摘要写作中的常用句式 First At the beginning In the first part In the introduction the reader In the next pa...