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上海市崇明中学第十四届勤奋杯竞赛

时间:2016-08-27


上海市崇明中学第十四届勤奋杯竞赛
高二英语试卷 时间 120 分 满分 120 分 I. Multiple Choices (30%) Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one answer

that best completes the sentence. 1. We all know the truth ____ there are air, water and sunlight, there are living things. A. in wherever B. that wherever C. where D. that 2. I am pretty sure that the young man is far too clever ___ employed by our company. A. not to be B. so as to be C. that you will be D. than to be 3. The little boy, bored with his school life, tried many times to play truant ___ by his father each time. A. only to be caught B. always caught C. having been caught D. to have been caught 4. Light will not bend round corners unless ____ to do so with the help of a reflecting device. A. be made B. made C. having made D. to be made 5. ___ his phone number, I would have called him last night. A. If I knew B. Have I C. I didn’t have D. Should I have 6. ___ helps the old man is to be praised. A. Anyone B. No matter who C. Those who D. Whoever 7. When the European settlers arrived in ___ is now the United States, they brought their holidays like Christmas. A. that B. which C. what D. where 8. You’d better use such expression ___ in the dictionary when you give an example. A. which you can find B. you can find C. as you can find them D. as you can find 9. ___ the little boy could draw ___ surprised all the people present. A. What…so well B. That…so well C. Which…so good D. That…such good

10. ____ every possibility that business will get better. A. It seems to be B. There seem not to be C. It doesn’t seem to be D. There seems not to be 11. It was a long time ___ that Tom graduated from that university. A. since B. before C. during D. ago 12. I can’t go into all the details of that case now, I merely mention it ___. A. on the way B. by the way C. in a way D. in the way 13. The old man takes a walk every morning ___ it rains. A. except B. except that C. except for D. except when 14. Today there’s evidence ___ the resources of the sea are seriously threatened as ___ of the land.
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A. what/that B. that/those C. which/it D. that/it 15. Was it at the school ___was named after a hero ____ he spent his childhood? A. which/that B. where/where C. that/where D. which/where 16. Upon returning home from work, ___. A. John found a letter in the mailbox B. a letter was in the mailbox C. a letter was found in the mailbox D. the mailbox had a letter in it 17. Don’t let the child who is___ stay at home alone. A. not old enough to B. young enough C. not old enough D. too young to 18. There ___ no buses, we had to call a taxi. A. were B. being C. had been D. have been 19. His English is ___ better than mine, for he knows ___ English words and expressions than I do. A. very…much more B. far…many more C. quite…rather more D. much…much more 20. Is it okay if my friend, Tina, ___ to your party next weekend? A. come B. comes C. is coming D. will come 21. The shop manager always says to his assistants, “We cab never be___ polite to our customers. A. so B. enough C. too D. more 22. They were talking about their schools, ___ about the facilities in their schools. A. rather than B. or rather C. other than D. more than 23. You must be tired, ___you haven’t taken any rest the whole morning. A. and B. because C. for D. so 24. South of the lake ___ in which ___ who has three sons and four daughters. A. lies the village…lives an old farmer B. the village lies…and old farmer lives C. does the village lie…does an old farmer live D. the village lies…does an old farmer live 25. --- Have you finished all of the exercises? ---Yes, completely. ___is left. A. None B. Nothing C. No one D. Neither 26. Though he killed the woman, he still had the right of being___ by a lawyer. A. protected B. preserved C. guarded D. defended 27. Jack dare not speak in the ___ of strangers; he is a shy boy. A. appearance B. presence C. guarded D. defended 28. I told the girl to wait until she got back her breath and could speak ___. A. quickly B. usually C. regularly D. normally 29. Dr Smith is so busy with his patients that he has not a single minute to ___. A. save B. spare C. spend D. spoil 30. Giving tips to waiters in the restaurant is quite ___ in many foreign countries. A. common B. normal C. usual D. ordinal 31. He suggested our ___ money in a building society in order to make more money. A. using B. spending C. investing D. putting 32. As I am sure Tom is an honest boy, I ___ that he stole the money.
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33. 34. 35. 36.

37. 38.

A. suspect B. believe C. doubt D. suppose It was not long before the police arrived at the ___ of the accident. A. scene B. sight C. view D. scenery We ___ all our achievements to the correct leadership of the Party. A. own B. owe C. devote D. appreciate As we know, great minds have a way of looking at life ___ to themselves. A. especial B. special C. peculiar D. particular How can you ___ for your absence from the symposium about environmental protection this morning? A. explain B. account C. reason D. excuse Seeing them return safe and sound, we felt quite ___. A. released B. relaxed C. relieved D. related Happiness is often put in contrast with sadness. The former comes from success and victory while the ___from failure and defeat. A. other B. later C. latter D. second A. sound B. noise C. voice D. tone

39. My congratulations, Lily! You are among the lucky students who have won the ___ to the first-rate U.S universities. A. profession B. permission C. competition D. admission 40. When he learned about his failure in the exam, his heart ___ and he dared not mention that before his parents. A. fell B. dropped C. sank D. descended II. Cloze 20% Directions: For each blank in the following passages there are four words of phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. (A) Clothes, decorations, hair and facial 41 give a great deal of information about us. For instance, we wear warm clothes to keep warm, 42 unlike animals we don’t have a protective covering of hair. But for the purpose of communication, we dress 43 clothes of different color, style and material; we wear jewellery and other valuables; we use cosmetics and perfume; we 44 beards and sideburns; and we smoke pipes and carry walking sticks. Strict rules govern the clothes we wear. We do not wear football boots with a dinner-jacket, 45 a boiler suit to work in an insurance office. A clerk on Wall Street will wear more formal dress than someone in a similar job in a country town. Fashionable and smart clothes are associated with good qualities, and well-dressed people have been 46 to get more help and cooperation from 47 strangers. For example, a woman is often given more 48 of help with her broken-down car when she is dressed attractively than when she is dressed less appealingly. Rebels consider themselves to be different from other people in society, and often alter their physical appearance to show this. In the past two decades in Britain there have been a number of 49 movements with distinct uniform. Hippies didn’t just wear simple clothes but dressed in a particular style that made him instantly 50 .

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(B) British people say horse racing is the sport of kings. Sometimes, though, two horses reach the 51 post together. The judge has to 52 which horse is the first by looking at a photograph. People in the racing 53 call this a “photo finish”. The winning horse wins by “ 54 “ or “a nose”. Occasionally, the judge makes a 55 . One judge had to decide 56 a dark-colored horse or a pale horse won the race. 57 he had to make the decision quickly, so he 58 the photofinish from a negative (底片). In photographic negatives dark colors are always light and light colors dark. The judge 59 that, and said, “The pale horse won.” When the negative was 60 you could see that the dark horse was the winner. But it was too late. The people who bet money on the pale horse won and the people who bet on the dark horse---- the real winner---lost! IV. Reading Comprehension 40% Directions: Read the following passages. Each passage is followed by four questions unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have read. (A) When you turn on the radio, you hear an advertisement. When you watch television, you hear and see an advertisement. If you turn the pages of a newspaper or magazine, again you find an advertisement. If you walk down the street, you see one advertising board after another. All day, every day, people who want to sell you something compete to catch your attention. As a result, advertisements are almost everywhere. In the West, advertisements are the fuel that makes mass media work. Many TV stations, newspapers, magazines, radio stations are privately owned. The government does not give them money. So where does the money come from? From advertisements. Without advertisements, there would not be these private businesses. Have you ever asked yourself what advertising is? Through the years, people have given different answers to the question. For some time it was felt that advertising was a means of “keeping your name before the public.” And some people thought that advertising was “ truth well told.” Now more and more people describe it in this way: Advertising is the paid, nonpersonal, and usually persuasive description of goods, services and ideas by identified sponsors through various media. First, advertising is usually paid for. Various sponsors pay for the advertisements we see, read, and hear over the various media. Second, advertising is nonpersonal. It is not face to face communication. Although you may feel that a message in a certain advertisement is aimed directly at you, in reality, it is directed at large groups of people. Third, advertising is usually persuasive. Directly or indirectly it tells people to do something. All advertisements try to make people believe that the product, idea, or service advertised can do good to them. Fourth, the sponsor of the advertisement must be identified. From the advertisement, we can see if the sponsor is a company, or an organization, or an individual. Fifth, advertising reaches us through traditional and nontraditional mass media. Included in the traditional media are newspapers, magazines, radio, television, and films. Nontraditional media include the mail, matchbox covers, and billboards. 61. The existence of the privately owned mass media depends financially on _______.
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A. the government B. their owners’ families C. advertisements D. the audience 62. According to the passage, who are most probably paying for the advertisements? A. Companies. B. Organizations. C. Individuals D. All of the above. 63. Which of the following is considered nontraditional mass media? A. Newspapers. B. The mail. C. Magazines. D. Films. 64. According to the passage, which of the following statements about the features of advertisements is Not true? A. Advertising must be honest and amusing. B. Advertising is meant for large groups of people. C.. Advertising tells people to do something directly or indirectly. D. The sponsors are always mentioned in the advertisements. (B) The Internet has led to a huge increase in credit-card fraud.. Your card Information could even be for sale in an illegal web site. Web sites offering cheap goods and services should be regarded with care. On-line shoppers who enter their credit-card information may never receive the goods they thought they bought, the thieves then go shopping with your card number or sell the information over the Internet. Computers hackers have broken down security systems, raising questions about the safety of cardholder information. Several months ago, 25,000 customer4s of CD Universe, an on-line music retailer(零售商), were not lucky. Their names, addresses and credit-card numbers were posted on a Web site after the retailer refused to pay US $157,828 to get back the information. Credit-card firms are now fighting against on-line fraud. Mastercard is working on plans for Web--- only credit card, with a lower credit limit. The card could be used only for shopping on-line. However, there are a few simple steps you can take to keep from being cheated. Asked about your credit-card firm’s on-line rules: Under British law, cardholders have to pay the first US %78 of any fraudulent(欺骗性的)spending. And shop only at secure sites;Send your credit-card information only if the Web site offers advanced secure system. If the security is in place, a letter will appear in the bottom right-hand corner of your screen. The Web site address may also start https://---the extra “s” stands for secure. If in doubt, give your credit-card information over the telephone. Keep your password safe: Most on-line sites require a user name and password before placing an order. Treat your passwords with care. 64. What do most people worry about the Internet according to this passage? A. A lot of stolen credit-cards were sold on the Internet. B. Fraud on the Internet. C. Many illegal Web sites are on the Internet. D. Many illegal Web sites are on the Internet. 65. What is the meaning of “fraud”? A. cheating B. sale C. payment D. safety
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66. How can the thieves get the information of the credit card? A. The customers give them the information. B. The thieves steal the information from Web sites. C. The customers sell the information to them. D. The thieves buy the information from credit-card firms. 67. How many pieces of advice does the passage give to you? A. Four. B. Three. C. Five. D. Six. 68. You are shopping on the site: http:// www. Shopping.com, and you want to buy a TV set, what does this article suggest to do? A. Order the TV set at once. B. Do not buy the TV set on this site. C. E-mail the site your credit-card information. D. Tell the site your password and buy the TV set for you. (C) Children start out as natural scientists, eager to look into the world around them. Helping them enjoy science can be easy; there’s no need for a lot of scientific terms or expensive lab equipment. You only have to share your children’s curiosity. Firstly, listen to their questions. I once visited a classroom of seven-year-olds to talk about science as a job. The children asked me “textbook questions” about schooling, salary and whether I liked my job. When I finished answering, we sat facing one another in silence. Finally I said, “Now that we’re finished with your lists, do you have questions of your own about science?” After a long pause, a boy raised his hand, “Have you ever seen a grasshopper(蚱蜢)eat? When I try eating leaves like that, I get a stomachache. Why?” This began a set of questions that lasted nearly two hours. Secondly, give them time to think. Studies over the past 30 years have shown that, after asking a question, adults typically wait only one second or less for an answer, no time for a child to think. When adults increase their “wait time” to three seconds or more, children give more logical, complete and creative answers. Thirdly, watch your language. Once you have a child involved in a science discussion, don’t jump in with “That’s right” or “Very good”. These words work well when it comes to encouraging good behavior. But in talking about science, quick praise can signal that discussion is over. Instead, keep things going by saying, “That’s interesting” or “I’d never thought of it that way before”, or coming up with more questions or ideas. Never push a child to “Think”. It doesn’t make sense, children are always thinking, without your telling them to. What’s more, this can turn a conversation into a performance. The child will try to find the answer you want, in as few words as possible, so that he will be a smaller target for your disagreement. Lastly, show; don’t tell. Real-life impressions of nature are far more impressive than any lesson children can learn from a book or a television program. Let children look at their fingertips through a magnifying glass, and they’ll understand why you want them to wash before dinner. Rather than saying that water evaporates(蒸发) ,set a pot of water to boil and let them watch the water level drop. 69. According to the passage, children are natural scientists, and to raise their
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interest, the most important thing for adults to do is___. A. to let them see the world around B. to share the children’s curiosity C. to explain difficult phrases about science D. to supply the children with lab equipment 70. In the last sentence of the first paragraph, the word “lists” could best be replaced by ___. A. any questions B. any problems C. questions from textbooks D. any number of questions

71. According to the passage, children can answer questions in a more logical, Complete and creative way if adults ___. A. ask them to answer quickly B. wait for one or two seconds after a question C. tell them to answer the next day. D. wait at least for three seconds after a question

(D) At one time, people hunted elephants in South Africa for their tusks. After many years of hunting, the elephants became endangered, or close to dying out. People built a huge park in an effort to save the elephants. Today, those elephants are no longer endangered or even threatened. The elephants are doing so well that experts say that they are becoming a problem. “Southern Africa has an elephant overpopulation,” said a South African environment minister. There is little land in Southern Africa on which the elephants can live, because the countries there have a large human population. One elephant can eat nearly 400 pounds of food a day. With hundreds of thousands of elephants in Africa, that amount of food consumption can harm many other kinds of animals and reduce their numbers. Experts are not sure how to maintain wild-elephant populations without letting overcrowding get out of hand. 72. The serious problem that South Africa was faced with many years ago was ______. A. the dying out of elephants B. the illegal sale of tusks C. how to catch the hunters D. how to feed the elephants 73. The huge park built for the elephants has been proved ____. A. unrealistic B. unsuccessful C. effective D. to be a failure 74. The increasing number of elephants in South Africa ______. A. has got the local people into a great trouble B. means a damage to the environment C. has forced the local people to move away D. has become a threat to other animals there

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(E) Read the following passage and choose the most suitable heading from this list for each paragraph. There is an extra heading. 75. _______ The World Health Organization (WHO) has warned that there would be a global outbreak of bird flu unless greater efforts are made to fight the disease in countries already affected by it and international cooperation is strengthened. 76. ________ The infectious disease has struck several Asian countries, such as Viet Nam, Thailand and China over the past two years, killing millions of poultry. A total of 39 human bird flu cases, including 28 deaths, have been reported in Asian countries, such as Viet Nam. 77. ________ The virus is spreading more widely in the region than originally believed. The active movement of people, goods and food in the world today makes the spread of the virus more quickly. 78. ________Practically nobody will be immune to the new virus. Fortunately, there have been no scientifically proven human to human cases of bird flu so far. But if the present situation continues for many years to come, the virus is likely to spread on a human to human basis. 79. __________ Increase cooperation between nations and make more study to fight against the virus. Early discoveries and reporting of out breaks are needed to minimize their social and economic impact. A disease reporting system should be immediately carried out. Developed countries, which have fewer or no outbreaks of infection diseases, should step up their support for developing countries. Countries should pay more attention to animal health rather than just focusing on human issues, since both SARS and bird flu began as animal diseases, (A) International cooperation should be strengthened to fight against bird flu. (B) A possible outbreak of bird flu may strike the world (C) Bird flu has caused the death of many poultry and even human beings. (D) People should pay more attention to the animal diseases like SARS and Bird flu. (E) Several factors contribute to the quick spread of the virus. (F) There is no evidence showing that bird flu will be spread from one Human being to another V. Correction 15% Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that is incorrect and correct it. 86. The more one knows about science, the more you understand A B C the importance of it. D 87. The old man laid in bed, cold and hungry. It was clear that he was dying. A B C D 88. So deeply he did sleep that our knocking could not wake him up. A B C D 89. He was chosen to take the office. They believed that he would do his work A B C D well
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90. The students have been kept busy to prepare their lessons since the beginning A B C of the term. D 91. Bob has sat at the table for a couple of hours and drank far more wine than it A B C D is good for his health. 92. She was given a medal for making an important discovery in medicine. A B C D 93. Kate gave me a cold welcome. I won’t go and see her any longer. A B C D 94. The first man-made satellite of China is weighed 173 kilogrammes. A B C D 95. Mr. White is one of those men who appears to be friendly, however, it is very A. B hard to get along with him. C D 96. Before the thief was trying to run away, the policeman caught him by his A B C D collar. 97. While Mary was carrying the apple basket from the garden to the kitchen, A B some of it fell to the ground. C D 98. Tom sold most of his belongings. He has hardly nothing left in the house. A B C D 99. He had come yesterday, I would have asked him not to do that. A B C D 100. I’ve got a loaf of bread, now I’m looking for a knife to cut it. A B C D

86. (

) _______________

87. (
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) ________________

88. ( 90. ( 92. ( 94. ( 96. ( 98. ( 100. (

) _______________ ) _______________ ) _______________ ) _______________ ) _______________ ) _______________ ) ______________

89. ( 91. ( 93. ( 95. ( 97. ( 99. (

) ________________ ) ________________ ) ________________ ) ________________ ) ________________ ) ________________

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