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河南省三门峡市“人保财险杯”2013年高三学生综合能力竞赛英语试题


★2013 年 4 月 13 日

命题人:孙艳 审题人:伊红强 温馨提示:本试卷分为第 I 卷(选择题)和第 II 卷(非选择题)两部分。本试卷满 分 120 分,考试时间 100 分钟。请各位同学合理安排好答题时间。 注意事项: 1. 答卷前,考生务必用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔将自己的姓名,班级和学号填写在 答题卡上, 不按要求填涂的,答卷无效。 2. 选择

题每小题选出答案后, 用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如 需改动, 用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案, 答案不能答在试卷上。 3. 非选择题必须用黑色字迹钢笔或签字笔作答, 答案必须写在答题卡各题目指定区 域内相应位置上。

第 I 卷(三部分,共 85 分)
第一部分:听力(略) 第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节:单项选择 (共 15 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 21. The report said a bus went out of ____ control in the highway _____ south of the city and rushed into the river. A.the; the B./; the C.the; / D./; / 22. Which do you feel like ________ the time on the train, chatting with friends or just reading something? A.killing B.to share C. to kill D.sharing 23. ----Would you like some sweets, dear? ----______, I have a sweet tooth. A. Of course, thank you B. No, thanks C. I’ve got it D. I don’t think so 24. Helen has been looking for a job over the whole year, feeling she can’t get _________ without work experience. A. that B. it C. one D. this 25. ----Another cup of tea? That’s your third since lunch. ----Yeah, well, I ____ all night preparing for my history exam. I can hardly keep my eyes open. A. have stayed up B. stayed up C. have been staying up D. will stay up 26. He has spent, 1 think, a lot __________ time in reading than she has. A. of B. more C. much more D. of much more 27. ----Can you attend tomorrow’s meeting?

----I am sorry , but I will have too much work__________. A.to see to to come B.seeing to come C.to see to coming D.doing to come 28. The wine industry in the area has developed in a special way, ______little foreign ownership. A. by B. of C. with D. from 29. I always enjoyed French at school, but the advanced courses in literature turned me _____. A. off B. on C. back D. down 30. Fully __________ in looking after three children at home, she no longer has time to enjoy the various activities in the club. A. occupied B. contributed C. attached D. devoted 31. I can guess you were in a hurry. You ______ your sweater inside out. A. had worn B. wore C. were wearing D. are wearing 32. ________ anything, give me a call and I'll be glad to help you. A.Had you required B.Should you require C.Would you require D.Could you require 33. ________ you didn't know the rules won't be an excuse for your failure to report. A.That B.Where C.What D.Why 34. How can you expect him to make any improvement ________ you never give him an opportunity to have a try? A.unless B.when C.until D.while 35. ----Mr. Johnson, would you have some more ice-cream? ----No, thanks. It’s very good, but I have to _____ my weight, you know. A.remain B.notice C.watch D.care 第二节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Checks have largely taken the place of money as a means of 36 , for they are widely accepted everywhere. 37 this is very 38 for both buyer and seller, it should not be forgotten that checks are not real money: they are quite 39 in themselves. A shop-keeper runs a certain 40 when he accepts a check and he is quite 41 his rights if, on occasion, he 42 to do so. People do not always know this and are 43 if their good faith is called in question. A wealthy friend of mine told me he had an extremely 44 experience. One day he decided to buy a particularly fine pearl necklace at a famous jewelry shop which keeps a large__45 of precious stones and asked if he could pay 46 check, the assistant said that this was quite 47 . But the moment my friend signed his name, he was invited into the manager’s office. The manager was very polite, but he explained that someone 48 exactly the same name had presented them with a worthless check not long ago. My friend got very angry at it and said he would buy a necklace 49 . When he got up to go, the manager told him that the police would arrive at any moment and he had better stay 50 he wanted to get into serious trouble. Sure enough the police arrived, __51 to my friend for the 52 , but explained that a person who had used the same name as his 53 for a number of recent robberies. Then the police asked my friend to 54 out a note which had been used by the thief in a number

of shops. The note read, “I have a gun in my pocket, ask no questions and give all the money in the safe.” Fortunately, my friend’s handwriting was quite__55__ the thief’s. He was not only allowed to go without further delay, but to take the pearl necklace with him. 36. A. change B. exchange C. trade D. business 37. A. Because B. If C. Though D. Since 38. A. favourite B. popular C. profitable D. convenient 39. A. dangerous B. priceless C. unimportant D. valueless 40. A. chance B. risk C. opportunity D. danger 41. A. within B. out of C. without D. beyond 42. A. refuses B. agrees C. fails D. hates 43. A. unhappy B. ashamed C. shocked D. puzzled 44. A. uninteresting B. unreasonable C. unforgettable D. unpleasant 45. A. amount B. accident C. stock D. number 46. A. in B. by C. with D. on 47. A. in need B. in common C. in use D. in order 48. A. used B. with C. named D. by 49. A. anywhere B. somewhere C. somewhere else D. everywhere 50. A. unless B. otherwise C. if D. whether 51. A. coming B. sticking C. apologizing D. checking 52. A. manner B. behavior C. inconvenience D. treatment 53. A. responsible B. answered C. charged D. blamed 54. A. copy B. read C. take D. bring 55. A. unlike B. different C. dissimilar D. dislike 第三部分:阅读理解(共 20 小题; 每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题:每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 A When she was twelve, Maria made her first important decision about the course of her life. She decided that she wanted to continue her education. Most girls from middle-class families chose to stay home after primary school, though some attended private Catholic "'finishing" schools. There they learned a little about music, art, needlework, and how to make polite conversation. This was not the sort of education that interested Maria or her mother. By this time, she had begun to take her studies more seriously. She read constantly and brought her books everywhere. One time she even brought her math book to the theater and tried to study in the dark. Maria knew that she wanted to go on learning in a serious way. That meant attending the public high school, something that very few girls did. In Italy at the time, there were two types of high schools: the "classical" schools and the "technical" schools. In the classical schools, the students followed a very traditional program of studies, with courses in Latin and Greek language and literature, and Italian literature and history. The few girls who continued studying after primary school usually chose these schools. Maria, however, wanted to attend a technical school. The technical schools were more modern than the classical schools and they offered courses in modern languages, mathematics, science, and accounting. Most people including Maria's father believed that girls would never be

able to understand these subjects. Furthermore, they did not think it was proper for girls to study them. Maria did not care if it was proper or not. Math and science were the subjects that interested her most. But before she could sign up for the technical school, she had to win her father's approval. She finally did, with her mother's help, though for many years after, there was tension in the family. Maria's father continued to oppose her plans, while her mother helped her. In 1883, at age thirteen, Maria entered the "Regia Scuola Tecnica Michelangelo Buonarroti" in Rome. Her experience at this school is difficult for us to imagine. Though the courses included modern subjects, the teaching methods were very traditional. Learning consisted of memorizing long lists of facts and repeating them back to the teacher. Students were not supposed to ask questions or think for themselves in any way. Teachers were very demanding, discipline in the classroom was strict, and punishment was severe for those who failed to achieve or were disobedient. 56. In those days, most Italian girls________. A. went to classical schools B. went to "finishing" schools C. did not go to high school D. went to technical schools 57. Maria's father probably________. A. had very modern views about women B. had very traditional views about women C. had no opinion about women D. thought women could not learn Latin 58. High school teachers in Italy in those days were________. A. very modern B. very intelligent C. quite scientific D. quite strict 59. We can infer from this passage that________. A. girls usually attended private primary schools B. only girls attended classical schools C. girls did not like going to school D. Maria was a girl of strong will B People have been painting pictures for at least 30,000 years. The earliest pictures were painted by people who hunted animals. They used to paint pictures of the animals they wanted to catch and kill. Pictures of this kind have been found on the walls of caves in France and Spain. No one knows why they were painted there. Perhaps the painters thought that their pictures would help them to catch these animals. Or perhaps human beings have always wanted to tell stories according to pictures. About 5,000 years ago, the Egyptians and other people in the Near East began to use pictures as kind of writing. They drew simple pictures or signs to represent things and ideas, and also to represent the sounds of their language. The signs these people used became a kind of alphabet. The Egyptians used to record information and to tell stories by putting picture writing and pictures together. When an important person died, scenes and stories from his life were painted and carved on the walls of the place where he was buried. Some of these pictures are like modern comic strip stories. It has been said that Egypt is the home of the comic strip. But, for the Egyptians, pictures still had magic power. So they did not try to make their way of writing simple.

The ordinary people could not understand it. By the year 1,000 BC, people who lived in the area around the Mediterranean Sea had developed a simpler system of writing. The signs they used were very easy to write, and there were fewer of them than in the Egyptian system. This was because each sign, or letter, represented only one sound in their language. The Greeks developed this system and formed the letters of the Greek alphabet. The Romans copied the idea, and the Roman alphabet is now used all over the world. These days, we can write down a story, or record information, without using pictures. But we still need pictures of all kinds: drawing, photographs, signs and diagrams. We find them everywhere: in books and newspapers, in the street, and on the walls of the places where we live and work. Pictures help us to understand and remember things more easily, and they can make a story much more interesting. 60. Pictures of animals were painted on the walls of caves in France and Spain because______. A. the hunters wanted to see the pictures B. the painters were animal lovers C. the painters wanted to show imagination D. the pictures were thought to be helpful 61. The Greek alphabet was simpler than the Egyptian system for all the following reasons EXCEPT that______. A. the former was easy to write B. there were fewer signs in the former C. the former was easy to pronounce D. each sign stood for only one sound 62. Which of the following statements is TRUE? A. The Egyptian signs later became a particular alphabet. B. The Egyptians liked to write comic strip stories. C. The Roman alphabet was developed from the Egyptian one. D. The Greeks copied their writing system from the Egyptians. 63. In the last paragraph, the author thinks that pictures ______. A. should be made comprehensible B. should be made interesting C. are of much use in our life D. have disappeared from our life C Taste is such a subjective matter that we don’t usually conduct preference tests for food. The most you can say about anyone’s preference is that it’s one person’s opinion. But because the two big cola companies—Coca-Cola and Pepsi Cola are marketed so aggressively, we’ve wondered how big a role taste preference actually plays in brand loyalty. We set up a taste test that challenged people who identified themselves as either Coca-Cola or Pepsi fans: Find your brand in a blind tasting. We invited staff volunteers who had a strong liking for either Coca-Cola Classic (传统型) or

Pepsi, Diet (低糖的) Coke, or Diet Pepsi. These were people who thought they’d have no trouble telling their brand from the other brand. We eventually located 19 regular cola drinkers and 27 diet cola drinkers. Then we fed them four unidentified samples of cola one at a time, regular colas for the one group, diet versions for the other. We asked them to tell us whether each sample was Coke or Pepsi; then we analyzed the records statistically to compare the participants’ choices with what mere guess-work could have accomplished. Getting all four samples right was a tough test, but not too tough, we thought, for people who believed they could recognize their brand. In the end, only 7 out of 19 regular cola drinkers correctly identified their brand of choice in all four trials. The diet-cola drinkers did a little worse----only 7 of 27 identified all four samples correctly. While both groups did better than chance would predict, nearly half the participants in each group made the wrong choice two or more times. Two people got all four samples wrong. Overall, half the participants did about as well on the last round of tasting as on the first, so tiredness, or taste burnout, was not a factor. Our preference test results suggest that only a few Pepsi participants and Coke fans may really be able to tell their favorite brand by taste and price. 64. According to the passage the preference test was conducted in order to ________. A. show that a person’s opinion about taste is mere guess-work B. compare the ability of the participants in choosing their drinks C. find out the role taste preference plays in a person’s drinking D. reveal which cola is more to the liking of the drinkers 65. It is implied but not stated in the first paragraph that ________. A. the competition between the two colas is very strong B. blind tasting is necessary for identifying fans C. the purpose of taste tests is to promote the sale of colas D. the improvement of quality is the chief concern of the two cola companies 66. The word “burnout” (Line3, Para. 5) refers to the state of _________. A. being seriously burnt in the skin B. being badly damaged by fire C. being unable to function because of excessive use D. being unable to burn for lack of fuel 67. The author’s purpose in writing this passage is to ________. A. emphasize that taste and price are closely related to each other B. recommend that blind tasting be introduced in the quality control of colas C. show that taste preference is highly subjective D. argue that taste testing is an important marketing strategy D Our senses aren't just delivering a strict view of what’s going on in the world; they're affected by what’s going on in our heads. A new study finds that hungry people see food-related words more clearly than people who've just eaten. Psychologists have known for decades that what's going on inside our head affects our senses. For example, poorer children think coins are larger than they are, and hungry people think pictures

of food are brighter. Ré Radel of University of Nice Sophia-Antipolis, France, wanted to mi investigate how this happens. Does it happen right away as the brain receives signals from the eyes or a little later as the brain’s high-1evel thinking processes get involved. Radel recruited 42 students with a normal body mass index. On the day of his or her test, each student was told to arrive at the lab at noon after three or four hours of not eating. Then they were told there was a delay. Some were told to come back in 10 minutes; others were given an hour to get lunch first. So half the students were hungry when they did the experiment and the other half had just eaten. For the experiment, the participant looked at a computer screen. One by one, 80 words flashed on the screen for about l/300th of a second each. They flashed at so small a size that the students could only consciously perceive. A quarter of the words were food-related. After each word, each person was asked how bright the word was and asked to choose which of two words they’d seen-a food-related word like cake or a neutral word like boat. Each word appeared too briefly for the participant to really read it. Hungry people saw the food-related words as brighter and were better at identifying foodrelated words. Because the word appeared too quickly for them to be reliably seen, this means that the difference is in perception, not in thinking processes, Radel says. "This is something great to me. Humans can really perceive what they need or what they strive for. From the experiment, I know that our brain can really be at the disposal of our motives and needs. "Radel says. 68. Why was there a delay on the day of the experiment? A. Because hungry people needed time to fill their stomach. B. Because Radel wanted to create two groups of testers, hungry and non-hungry. C. Because noon was not the right time for any experiment. D. Because Radel needed time to select participants in terms of body mass index. 69. What does the writer want to tell us? A. Human’s senses aren’t just delivering a strict view of what’s going on in the world. B. What’s perceived by our senses affects our way of thinking. C. Human brains can really be at the disposal of our motives and needs. D. Thinking processes guarantee the normal functions of our senses. 70. What can we infer from the passage? A. 42 participants are too small a number for a serious investigation. B. An experiment with hungry and non-hungry participants is not reliable. C. Our thinking processes are independent of our senses. D. Humans call perceive what they need without involving high-level thinking processes 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有多余选项。 The Dark Age of Greece 71 Among early civilizations, we call the low points "dark ages", because civilizations often dropped to such a low level that it is hard to get an accurate picture of their history during these periods. During a dark age, a civilization may not have produced monuments, statue, or other objects which we use to learn about early civilizations.

The little that we know about this period has been learned from archaeology. It seems that civilization became much less advanced. The pottery from this period is much simpler and less artistic. This suggests that there was lack of wealthy people to buy higher quality products. 74 This would suggest a large decrease in population, possibly due to a widespread lack of food and consequent starvation. Sometime around 800 BC, the Greeks began to emerge from this dark age, most probably due to the influence of other civilizations. They had lost their early writing system, but began to use the writing system of the Phoenicians at this time. 75 Over the next 300 years, their civilization continued to rise, and their dark age was forgotten. A. Many civilizations undergo a series of high points and low points during their history. B. Many early civilizations underwent dark ages, but Greece never recovered from its dark age. C. They began constructing larger cities and trading with their neighbors again. D. Another interesting point is that most of the large cities of earlier time periods appear to have been abandoned in favor of much smaller settlements.

第 II 卷

(非选择题 共 35 分)

注意:将答案写在答题卡上,在本试卷上答题无效。 第四部分:写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节:短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上英语老师要求同桌之间互相修改作文, 请你修改你同桌的以下作文。 文中 共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(﹨)划掉。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在该词下面写出该加的词。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1、每处错误及修改均仅限一词。

2、只允许修改 10 处,多者(从 11 处起)不计分。 Have you ever heard the saying: All work and no play make Jack a dull boy? What this means is that if you study all the times you will become a boring person. You must go out and have a fun with your friends, otherwise you will lose him. No one wants to be friends with someone only talked about work and study. Perhaps you have a confident problem. Please try to remember that you do is just for yourself rather than no one else, but do not compete with your classmates. No one can be happier in studying seven days and seven nights in a week. 第二节:书面表达(25 分) 假设你是李华,是一名高三学生。你的同班同学王强因患白血病(leukemia)而住院, 目前已经花光了家里的所有积蓄,现在需要骨髓移植(bone marrow transplant), 需要 20 万 元。请你帮他写一封求助信。要点如下: 1. 对病人的简单介绍; 2. 目前的困难; 3. 希望得到捐助; 联系电话:白天 5221600; 晚上 5221610 注意:1.词数 100 左右,开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数; 2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 Dear friends, I’m very sad to tell that _______________________________________________________________________________ ______ _______________________________________________________________________________ ______ _______________________________________________________________________________ ______ _______________________________________________________________________________ ______ _______________________________________________________________________________ ______ _______________________________________________________________________________ ______

_______________________________________________________________________________ ______ _______________________________________________________________________________ ______ _______________________________________________________________________________ ______

Yours truly, Li Hua

★2013 年 4 月 13 日


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