2016 年烟台市高三第一次模拟考试 英语试题 2016．3 本试卷分第 I 卷(选择题)和第 II 卷(非选择题)，共 14 页。满分 150 分。考试用时 120 分钟。非网上阅卷的学校，第 I 卷答案涂写在答题卡上，第 II 卷在答题纸上做答，考试结 束后，考生只交答题卡和答题纸；网上阅卷的学校，第 I 卷和第 II 卷答案全部涂写在答题 纸上，考试结束后，只交答题纸。 第
一部分 听力(共两节，满分 30 分) 做题时，先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后，你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案 转涂到答题卡上。 第一节(共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳 选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和 阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1．Why hasn’t the woman finished her homework? A．Her hands are injured． B．She has a low fever． C．It is too cold． 2．What do you know about the man? A．He is a taxi driver． B．He is an airport clerk． C．He is a compute r operator． 3．Where has the woman been to recently? A．Germany． B．West Africa． C． France． 4．What does the woman want the man to do? A．To get a haircut． B．To do some shopping． C．To attend a par ty． 5．How does the man know the advertisement? A．By calling the manager． B．By visiting the hotel． C．By reading today’s newspaper． 第二节(共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三 个选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅 读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独 白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 7 题。 6．Where is the conversation taking place? A．In a zoo． B．In a pet store． C．At a party． 7．What color is the woman’s dog? A．White． B．Black． C．Brown． 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 10 题。 8．What is Professor Smith’s lecture about? A．A new-found energy． B．The energy problem． C．Hot topics of na ture． 9．What does the woman think of the lecture?
A．Interesting． B．Ordinary． C．Challe nging． 10．What is the most important means according to Professor Smith? A．Find some new energy． B．Limit the use of energy． C．Treasure the energy left． 听第 8 段材料，回答第 11 至 13 题。 11．Where has the woman been? A．Downstairs． B．Downtown． C．Home． 12．What color is the new sofa? A．Brown． B．Blue． C．Yellow． 13．What does the woman think ofthe old sofa? A．It’s old-fashioned． B．It’s too narrow to sleep on． C．It doesn’t match their furniture． 听第 9 段材料，回答第 14 至 17 题。 14．Why has the woman booked the sky Palace for the man? A．It offers quite a good service． B．It is near the company he’11 visit． C．It is cheaper and more convenient． 15．What does the man ask the woman todo? A．Fetch the tickets now． B．Get a travel agency number． C．Find another hotel in Brussels． 16．What is the man’s final destination? A．Brussels． B．London． C．Barcelona． 17．What is the probable relationship between the speakers? A．Husband and wife． B．Doctor and patient． C．Boss and secretary． 听第 10 段材料，回答第 18 至 20 题。 18．In some people’s opinion，what do the first child and the only child have in common? A．They strongly believe in family rules． B．They tend to take responsibility for themselves．] C．They are very likely to succeed in life． 19．What do people generally think about the middle children in a family? A．They grow up to be funny and charming． B．They get less attention from their parents． C．They lose their way easily in the crowd． 20．What did the recent study find about later children? A．They often did better in life． B．They believed in family rules． C．They strictly followed orders． 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节，满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分)
阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。 Donating blood is a simple thing to do，but it can make a big difference in the lives of others．The donation process from the time you arrive until the ti me you leave takes about an hour．The donation itself is only about 8-10 minute s on average．The steps in the process are: Step 1：Registration 1． Our staff and volunteers will sign you in and go over basic eligibility(资 格)and donation information． 2． You will read information about donating blood， and will be asked to show a donor card，driver’s license，or other form(s)of ID． Step 2：Health History&Mini-Physical 1．You will answer some questions during a private and confidential intervie w about your health history and places you have traveled． 2．We will check your temperature，pulse，blood pressure and hemoglobin(血红 蛋白)level present in a sample of blood． Step 3：The Donation 1． We will clean an area on your arm and insert a brand new clean needle for the blood draw．This feels like a quick pain and is over in seconds． 2．The actual donation takes about 8-10 minutes，during which you will be se ated comfortably． Certain donation types， such as platelets(血小板)or red cells can take up to 2 hours． 3．When approximately a pint of blood has been collected，the donation is co mplete and a staff person will place a bandage on your arm． Step 4：Refreshments 1．After donating，you should have a snack and something to drink in the ref reshments area．You can leave the site after 10-15 minutes and continue with yo ur normal daily activities． 2．Enjoy the feeling of accomplishment knowing that you have helped save liv es． 21．Which of the following can be a proper title for the passage? A．The process of blood donation B．The benefits of blood donation C．The importance of blood donation D．The preparations for blood donation 22．During the Registration，a blood donor will be asked to_____． A．go over his basic donation information B．show something to prove his identity C．answer some questions about his health history D．have his temperature and blood pressure checked 23．What is the right order of the events in Step 3? a．clean an area on the donor’s arm b．1et the donor sit comfortably c．place a bandage on the donor’s arm
d．draw the blood e．insert a needle A．a，b，d，e，c B．b，a，c，e，d C．c，b，a，e，d D．b，a，e，d，c 24．What should one do after donating blood? A．Eat and drink something． B．Leave the site immediately． C．Take exercise right now． D．Return to work after two days． Lately， everywhere you look， people are running around with fitness trackers on their wrists．Along with a smartphone and an accompanying app，these tracker s can report how many calories you’ ve burned and the distance you’ ve traveled． S till curious about yourself? You can also learn the number of stairs you’ve cl imbed and steps you’ve taken，metrics(度量)it had never occurred to me to wond er about． Not one to resist peer pressure,however,I paid $100 for a Fitbit Flex．I ch ose that brand on the basis of research：asking my friend Sari which tracker s he used． The Fitbit website offered instructions on setting up my new tracker．I ent ered my height and gender(性别)and certain information I considered none of it s business：birth date and weight．Then I established goals．The American Hear t Association recommends we all walk 1 0，000 steps a day—about five miles，an d so does Fitbit．I decided 6,000 steps was a good place for me to start． I changed my tune when，on day one，I hit 6,000 steps and tiny LED lights f lashed on my wristband． Confident enough now,I went back to my phone and upped my goal to 8,000 steps． OK．So I got a little obsessed(着迷)．On day five at a department store，I decided to check my progress．My target number was just 275 steps away!I walke d around the dress department watching my smartphone register each step I too k．I hate to tell you how much pleasure this gave me． Now I always wear my tracker,not because Ive grown to love fitness but beca use I like being trendy and self-absorbed．Last night I was leaving a restaura nt when Fitbit emailed to congratulate me on walking more than 10， 000 steps． W ho wouldn’ t love a tool that turns your every footstep into an accomplishment? 25．Why do people wear fitness trackers while running? A．To measure their blood pressure． B． To tell them the right direction． C．To report the amount of exercise． D．To email information to others． 26．The underlined part“none of its business”in Paragraph 3 probably means“_ ___”． A．necessary B．unimportant C．priceless D．ridiculous 27．The author started from 6,000 steps because_____． A．it is the suggestion from Fitbit Flex B．it is the best choice for beginners C．the author wasn’t confident at first D．the friend Sadri asked the author to do so 28．What does the author think of the experience of using the tracker? A．Thrilling and dangerous． B．Painful and unbearable．
C．Boring and uncomfortable． D．Joyful and encouraging． Ifrane is a small town in Morocco，famous for its European style and its si milarity to the tourist resorts(胜地)of Switzerland． Developed by the French in the 1930s，Ifrane is fondly referred to as“Africa’s Little Switzerland”． The history of Ifrane dates back to around 500 B．C．when it was the capita l of an ancient Jewish Kingdom．It was called“Oufrane”then，meaning“caves”．I t is believed that Jews fleeing from King Nebuchadnezzar found refuge(避难)ther e，and in later centuries，Arabs and Romans found their way there too.] Later，Ifrane served as an administrative town for the French govemment．Th e French were attracted to Ifrane for its cool climate during the summer．They turned the town into an ideal settlement for European families—it was designed to make its foreign inhabitants(居民)feel at home．Therefore，the architectura l style and even the trees and flowering plants were imported from Europe． When Morocco gained independence，the locals moved into Ifrane，filling it with a bit of their own culture．They enlarged the town，built a public market， and added other facilities．The famous Al Akhawayn University was founded in If rane in the mid-1990s．Many of the old wooden houses have been torn down and re placed with apartments．Still，there are plenty of red roofs dotting the town’s scenery． Ifrane is easily accessible by road，making it a popular tourist destinatio n among locals and international tourists． The town is proud of powdery snow in the winters and cool summers， making it an inviting resort all year round． Free of crime and one of the cleanest cities in Morocco，it serves as the winter pla yground for the wealthy from the nearby cities．For the people of Morocco，the experience of a European winter is never too far away ! 29．Who were the first to settle in Ifrane? A．The Jews． B．The Arabs C．The Romans．D．The French． 30．Which aspect of Ifrane is not mentioned in the passage? A．Its European style． B．Its inviting climate. C．Its strange traditions． D．Its safe environment． 31．The last paragraph mainly tells us that_________． A．tourists come to Ifrane only in winters B．it costs a lot to spend a holiday in Ifrane C．Ifrane is a popular tourist destination D．Ifrane is the cleanest city in Morocco Have you heard of the“Doomsday(世界末日)clock”? While the name sounds particular enough to draw our attention，there is no w ay to actually predict doomsday．The clock is a visual way of representing the dangers our world faces and the urgency to act—with midnight symbolizing dooms day． The Bulletin of Atomic Scientists，the organization that maintains(维护)the clock， decided to keep the clock at 3 minutes to midni—the same as last year． D espite the Iran nuclear deal that weakened the threat(威胁)of nuclear war，the
organization continues to worry about the lack of progress on other global issu es of concern. The clock was created nearly 70 years ago by a group of scientists who had w orked on the Manhattan project—that created the world’s first atomic bomb．Th e bombs were dropped on two Japanese cities． Though it brought an end to one of the worst wars in human history，the bombs also exposed the world to the danger s of nuclear technology． One of the nuclear physicists on the Manhattan project was married to an art ist named Martyl Kangsdorf． It was Martyl’ s idea to create a clock and set the hand to seven minutes to midnight when it first created． Since then，the clock has been a powerful way to show humanity how close th e world is to catastrophe due to human action．To maintain this clock，every ye ar twenty members of the Bulletin of Atomic Scientists gather together and asse ss the biggest threats to humanity．When scientists looked back at the events o f 2015．two significant threats continued to exist—climate change and investme nt in nuclear weapons by various nations around the world． According to the scientists，we may be able to avoid disaster if humanity r educes spending on nuclear weapons，sharply reduces greenhouse gases，deals wit h commercial nuclear waste，and makes agreements to prevent the misuse of new t echnologies． 32．The Doomsday clock was created for_____． A．reminding people of the painful past B．correcting time to the same standard C．predicting the doomsday of the world D．warning humanity of the urgent threats 33．What does the underlined word“it”in Paragraph 4 refer to? A．The doomsday clock． B．The first atomi c bomb． C．Dropping the atomic bombs． D．The Manhattan p roject． 34．What are considered the most urgent threats that today’s world faces? A．Climate change and nuclear weapons． B．High-tech war and space research． C．Extreme poverty and serious diseases． D．Natural disasters and low birth rate． 35．What can be inferred from this passage? A．Human beings have no way to deal with their urgent threats． B．The world will continuously face more threats whatever we do． C．Martyl created the Doomsday clock just to amuse local citizens． D．Most threats we face now are actually caused by humanity itself． 第二节(共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分) 根据短文内容， 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为多余 选项。
Nowadays，its hard to find a good job and stay at it．If you’re not careful， you could ruin your career． Here are some mistakes that could cause your career to go up in flames． 1．Lying．Lying can kill your career before it even starts．Resist the urge to lie on your résumé(简历)or during the interview． Don’ t add degrees you didn’ t eam or jobs that you never had． 36 Once you get caught， most employers will show you the door． 2．Lack of sleep．The stress of not getting enough sleep makes you irritable (易怒的)．37 Who wants to work with such a person? Get enough sleep and make yo urself more popular and productive． 3．Laziness． 38 You should always be looking for opportunities to go above and beyond your required responsibilities．During the process you may even unco ver a talent you didn’t realize you had． 4．Being a loner．It’s important to be a team player．This is not your worl d． 39 While cooperating(合作)with others， you will see your efforts appreciated and your abilities improved． 5．Not improving your skills．No matter how good you are at your job，your s kills will need a tune-up from time to time. 40 The free or low-cost online cou rses and certificate programs leave you with no excuse．Keeping your skills con tinually updated helps you stay longer at your job． A．It also causes you to make serious mistakes． B．You have to work with other people to get things done． C．Let go of the attitude that you can do everything for others． D．Know that your information can be easily researched today． E．It’s important not to stay too long even if you have a good job． F．Take the time to develop yourself before your job is taken away． G．Good luck won’t come to you if you refuse to do more than your business． 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节，满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出可以填入空白处 的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 My teacher organized a secret Christmas gift exchange．We were 41 to open o ur gifts in front of our classmates and 42 the name of the gift giver,who woul d stand up and be applauded． Every kid tore 43 a fancy package containing a new toy． Then it was my 44． T he teacher handed me something wrapped(包裹)in used paper．It was so wrinkled t hat the colors had 45．With everyone watching，I removed the paper and 46 a che ap book with tom and dirty pages． Inside was a handwritten 47 showing the girl who gave me the book．When I a nnounced her name，my classmates started 48．Her gift was another indication o f how 49 this girl was from the rest of us．She’d arrive late to 50，her hair wet and messy．She didn’t have friends，and the popular students made fun of h er because she wore 51 clothes and shoes．Only later in life did I understand t hat she 52 came from a terribly poor family．
As the class laughed，this 8-year-old girl 53 her head to hide her tears．B ut I was 54 that the other kids would think that this girl and I were 55．Only years later did I realize that what I did next was unforgivable—I 56 the book in the garbage! Months later，the girl 57 schoo1．I never saw her again.I have forgotten th e 58 of many of my old classmates，but not hers．For so many years I have be en trying to 59 in touch with her,but I haven’ t had any news about her yet． I owe her a sincere 60 and I expect I will have such a chance some day． 41．A．warned B．forbidden C．forced D．instru cted 42．A．announce B．spell C．find 43．A．over B．off C．open D．out 44．A．work B．turn C．1uck D．program 45．A．died B．faded C．failed 46．A．met with B．showed off C．turned on D． pulled out 47．A．book B．novel C．note 48．A．shouting B．1aughing C．applauding D．discus sing 49．A．beautiful B．careless C．1azy D．differ ent 50．A．class B．office C．home D．store 51．A．good B．old C．dry 52．A．usually B．secretly C．obviously D．sudden ly 53．A．raised B．nodded C．shook D．hung 54．A．excited B．puzzled C．worried D．pleased 55．A．friends B．relatives C．enemies D．twins 56．A．buried B．threw C．chose D．found 57．A．1eft B．attended C．communicated D．visite d 58．A．grades B．names C．numbers D．addres ses 59．A．put B．send C．get 60．A．present B．greeting C．praise D．apology 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节，满分 45 分) 第二节(共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分)
阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 A school in Sarajevo not only accepted a deaf student，but also 61(teach)th e entire class sign language to allow them to better communicate with him． The heartwarming story began in September last year 62 a woman asked the pri mary school in her neighborhood 63(accept)her six-year-old son， Zejd， who has a 64(hear) disability．The teacher，Sanela,agreed almost immediately, 65 on the f irst day of school，she noticed Zejd 66(sit)all by himself,unable to communicat e with any of his classmates． Sanela， 67 (determine)to find a way out， tried developing a few signs of her own．But a parent of another child came up with 68 even better idea—getting th e whole class to learn sign language along with Zejd．So they got a sign langua ge teacher on board，and three months later，Zejd was able to communicate 69(ha ppy)with all his classmates about regular things like homework and 70(game)． 第四部分 写作(共两节；满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共 有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧)，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线(＼)划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1．每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2．只允许修改 10 处，多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Dear Editor, I’ m a Senior 3 student． I often quarrel with my mother about if I can watch TV after schoo1．My mother insists that Senior 3 students are heavy burdened wi th school work and watch TV will definitely affect my study．She also thought i t is bad for my eyes if I watch TV too often．But I really don’t agree her opi nion．I think it’s relaxed to watch TV after a day of hard work．And it also k eeps me informed of which is happening both at home and abroad． I do believe in it is helpful to my study．So I just can’t persuade my mother．Would you pleas e give me some advices? Yours， Liu Hong 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假设你是李华，学校聘请的外教 Mrs．Wilson 将于下周来校。请用英语给她发邮件，说 明以下事宜： 1．已为她安排公寓，位置便利，设施齐全； 2．教学可用学校教材，也可以自备材料； 3．询问航班信息，以便安排接机。 1．词数 100 左右： 2．可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 3．开头和结尾已给出，不计入总词数。 Dear Mrs．Wilson， Im glad to learn that you are coming to our school next week．
_______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ Best wishes! Yours， 2016 年高考诊断性测试 英语参考答案 1—5 CABBC 6—10 BABAC 11—15 BCCBC 16—20 BCCBA 阅读理解： 21—24 ABDA 25—28 CBCD 29—31ACC 32—35 DCAD 七选五： 36—40 DAGBF 完形填空： 41—45 DACBB 46—50 DCBDA 51—55 BCDCA 56—60 BABCD 语法填空： 61. taught 62. when 63. to accept 64. hearing 65. b ut(或 yet) 66. sitting 67. determined 68. an 69. happily 70. games 短文改错： Dear Editor, I’m a Senior 3 student. I often quarrel with my mother about if I can watch TV after school. whether My mother insists that Senior 3 students are heavy burdened with school work an d watch TV heavily watching will definitely affect my study. She also thought it is bad for my eyes if I wa tch TV too often. thinks But I really don’t agree ∧her opinion. I think it’s relaxed to watch TV afte r a day of hard work. with rel axing And it also keeps me informed of which is happening both at home and abroad. I do believe in
what it is helpful to my study. So I just can’t persuade my mother. Would you plea se give me some But Yours, Liu Hong 书面表达 (One possible version)： Dear Mrs. Wilson, I’m glad to learn that you are coming to our school next week. We have already prepared an apartment for you. It is inside our schoolyard a nd conveniently close to the teaching buildings, which will save you much time on the road. Besides, basic living facilities are available in the apartment, a nd you just have to bring your personal belongings. We have our own textbooks at hand, from which you can choose one. Of course, you can develop your own teaching materials according to your teaching require ment. I’d appreciate it very much if you could let me know the detailed informati on about your flight, which will be helpful for us to meet you at the airport. Looking forward to seeing you soon. Best wishes. Yours, Li Hua 附：听力录音材料 1. M: Have you finished your homework, Jane? W: Not yet. The temperature is so low that my hands are freezing. 2. W: How quickly can you get me to the airport? M: It’s a thirty-minute drive on the highway, but I know a shortcut that wil l get us there in twenty minutes. 3. M: You make me feel really envious, Ella. You seem to have been everywhere. W: Yes, I have visited several countries, such as Germany, France, Spain, Ita ly, and recently I’ve been to West Africa. 4. W: Could you possibly come home earlier today, Bill? We need to buy some veg etables for dinner. M: I’m sorry. I have planned to get a haircut on my way and then I have to a ttend a party. 5. W: Hello! Red Star Hotel. What can I do for you? M: Hello! Could I speak to the manager, please? I want to learn about the pos ition advertised in today’s newspaper. W: Certainly. But wait for a while; he’s just answering another call in the next room.
6. W: Is this shop selling things for dogs? M: Yes, madam. What can I do for you? W: I want to buy a coat for my pet. He is white and he has big eyes. I can’ t decide what color and size is OK. ] M: I suggest you bring him here so that we can choose a good one for him. W: You’re right, but I won’t do that. M: Why not? W: It will be a present for his birthday. I won’t let him see it until his b irthday party. 7. M: You’ve attended the lecture, haven’t you? W: Yes, and I’m very interested in it. M: What is it about? W: Professor Smith gave us a lecture. It was about the energy problem. M: One of the hot topics of society. Do you believe there will be any energy problems in the future? W: Yes, very serious ones. The professor said in the very near future oil and coal will be exhausted. M: Really? So serious? W: I think it’s reasonable. M: Then are there any solutions according to Professor Smith? W: She provided several means. But she thought the most important one was to treasure the energy left. M: But I think we should also find some kinds of new energy. 8. M: Hello, Jane! Where have you been? W: Hello, Richard! I’ve been downtown and I saw just what I wanted. M: Is that green dress to match the green shoes you bought yesterday? W: No. Not a green dress. It isn’t anything for me. It’s for our house. M: Our house? What is it? W: You’ll never guess. It’s a new sofa. A yellow one. M: We already have a sofa, Jane. A very good one. W: I never liked it. It’s brown and our other furniture is light blue. They don’t match. The yellow one will look good with our other things. M: Very well. Is the new sofa wider or narrower? W: It’ s actually a little bit wider than our old sofa, but it looks narrower because it’s longer. M: Fine. Then I’ll have a very good place to sleep after dinner. 9. M: Now, where am I staying in Barcelona? W: I’ve booked the Sky Palace for you, just at the airport terminal. M: Sky Palace? Wasn’t it possible to get me into Barcelona Hotel as usual? W: Well, Barcelona Hotel would have involved much more travelling for you. Th e company you’re visiting is located near the airport. M: Oh, I see. Yes, fine. Have you got the hotel phone number? W: Yes, I’ve got it for you from the travel agency. And at the next stop, yo u’ve been booked into the Larval Hotel in Brussels.
M: The Larval? I’ve already stayed there twice and found it rather depressin g. Is it possible to change the hotel? W: Of course, I’ll do my best. Oh, the last stop, London. M: OK. When everything is settled, I’ll ask my wife to meet me at the Heathr ow Airport. Is there anything else? W: If possible, I’ll ask them to send the tickets up before we get off work today. That’s all in order now. 10. Are you the first or the last child in your family, or are you a middle or only child? Some people say that the oldest child is smart and strong-willed, a nd he or she is very likely to be successful. The reason for this is simple. Pa rents have a lot of time for their first child. They give him or her a lot of a ttention. So this child is very likely to do well. An only child will succeed f or the same reason. What happens to the other children in the family? Middle ch ildren don’t get so much attention. So they don’t feel that important. If a f amily has many children, the middle one sometimes gets lost in the crowd. The y oungest child then often gets special treatment. Often this child grows up funn y and charming. Do you believe this idea about birth order, too? A recent study saw thi ngs quite differently. The study found that first children believed in family r ules. They didn’t take many chances in their lives. They usually followed orde rs. Rules didn’ t mean as much to later children in a family. They went out and followed their own ideas. They took chances and they often did better in life.