班级： ________ 姓名： ________ 学号： ________ 一. 单项选择 1. As students, we should keep it in mind that every minute ________ full use of ________ our lessons will benefit
us a great deal. A. which makes; studying B. when made; to study C. that made; to study D. when is made; studying 2. If parents never expect their children to be helpful at home, they are sure ________. A. not to be B. not to C. not D. not be that 3. The little boy ________ out at night, which is also not allowed by his mother. A. dares not to go B. dares not go C. dare not go D. dare not to go 4. A friend of mine was on a diet. He ate a sweet potato for breakfast, a sweet potato for lunch and ________ for supper. A. the one B. that C. it D. another 5. ---Are you happy with this laboratory? --- Not a little. We can’t have ________. A. so bad one B. so nice one C. a nicer one D. a worse one 6. Sometimes it’s tough to get off the couch and go for a run. With so many digital devices at your fingertips, how can you possibly keep ________? A. in turn B. in shape C. in return D. in charge 7. The bus hit against a tree in the fog and________to the deep valley，with ten passengers killed and twenty wounded. A. down it rolled B. down rolled it C. it down rolled D. down did it roll 8. ---________ do you like about working here, Tom? ---Good pay and beautiful environment. A. How B. What C. Which D. Why 9. When you face your friend, avoid giving him or her the “brutal truth” but ________ try to soften your delivery. A. otherwise B. therefore C. fairly D. instead 10. It’s no longer a question now ________ man can land on the moon. A. that B. which C. whether D. what 11. --- I promise to go shopping with you if you help me with the housework. --- ________ You are the last person to keep a promise. A. Come off it! B. That's great! C. I don't agree. D. I don't believe so. 12. Although I am watching my weight, I sometimes like to ________ myself to a big chocolate bar. A. enjoy B. treat C. devote D. adapt 13. ---Sorry, Jenny, where was I? ---You ________ me about the amazing life stories of Nelson Mandela. Will you go on? A. are telling B. have told C. were telling D. will tell 14. Not until recently________ the evidence of the ancient freshwater lake on Mars. A. found we B. did we find C. do we find D. that we found 15. ---Why did Miss Li leave the job? ---She________ for higher wages，but was turned down in the end. A. broke off B. held out C. gave away D. picked up
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Many theories regarding the causes of juvenile delinquency (crimes committed by young people) focus either on the individual or on society as the major contributing influence. Theories 16 on the individual suggest that children 17 criminal behavior because they were not sufficiently 18 for previous misbehaviors or that they have learned criminal behavior through interaction with others. Theories focusing on the role of society suggest that children commit crimes in 19 to their failure to rise above their socioeconomic status or as a rejection of middle-class values.科网 ZXX Most theories of juvenile delinquency have focused on children from 20 families, 21 the fact that children from wealthy homes also commit crimes. The latter may commit crimes for lack of adequate control from parents. All 22 , however, are uncertain or unimproved and are of course challenged with criticism. Changes in the social structure may indirectly 23 juvenile crime rates. For example, changes in the economy that 24 to fewer job opportunities for youth and rising unemployment 25 make gainful employment increasingly difficult to obtain. This results in 26 among youths and may in 27 lead more youths into criminal behavior. Families have also experienced 28 these years. More families consist of one parent households or two working parents; 29 ,children are likely to have less supervision at home than was common in the traditional family 30 . This lack of parental supervision is thought to be an influence on juvenile crime rates. Other noticeable 31 of offensive acts include 32 experience or failure in school, the 33 availability of drugs and alcohol, and the growing phenomenon of child abuse and child neglect. All these conditions tend to increase the 34 of a child committing a criminal act, 35 a direct cause and effect relationship has not yet been established. 16. A. centering B. depending C. figuring D. concerning 17. A. refer to B. know about C. engage in D. learn of 18. A. punished B. forgiven C. forgotten D. excused 19. A. return B. contact C. reference D. response 20. A. respected B. cultivated C. disadvantaged D. immigrated 21. A. considering B. ignoring C. highlighting D. believing 22. A. values B. misbehaviors C. criminals D. theories 23. A. affect B. reduce C. prevent D. reflect 24. A. point B. lead C. come D. add 25. A. in general B. on average C. by contrast D. at last 26. A. discomfort B. dissatisfaction C. dishonesty D. discrimination 27. A. case B. short C. turn D. return 28. A. failure B. miseries C. development D. changes 29. A. contrarily B. consequently C. similarly D. occasionally 30. A. education B. concept C. structure D. economy 31. A. suggestions B. causes C. ideas D. reports 32. A. smooth B. favorable C. unfavorable D. practical 33. A. increasing B. restricted C. reasonable D. popular 34. A. knowledge B. aspect C. strength D. probability 35. A. since B. although C. as D. because 三. 阅读理解
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A Imagine, one day，getting out of bed in Beijing and being at your office in Shanghai in only a couple of hours， and then， after a full day of work， going back home to Beijing and having dinner there． Sounds unusual， doesn't it? But it's not that unrealistic， with the development of China’s high-speed railway system．And that’s not all．China has an even greater high-speed railway plan — to connect the country with Southeast Asia, and eventually Eastern Europe. China is negotiating to extend its own high-speed railway network to up to 17 countries in 10 to 15 years，eventually reaching London and Singapore． China has proposed three such projects. The first would possibly connect Kunming with Singapore via Vietnam and Malaysia. Another could start in Urumqi and go through Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan， and possibly to Germany. The third would start in the northeast and go north through Russia and then into Western Europe． If China’s plan for the high-speed railway goes forward，people could zip over from London to Beijing in under two days． The new system would still follow China’s high-speed railway standard．And the trains would be able to go 346 kilometers an hour. China’s bullet train （高速客车） ， the one connecting Wuhan to Guangzhou， already has the World’s fastest average speed. It covers 1,069 kilometers in about three hours． Of course， there are some technical challenges to overcome． There are so many issues that need to be settled，such as safety，rail gauge（轨距） ，maintenance of railway tracks．So，it’s important to pay attention to every detail. But the key issue is really money．China is already spending hundreds of billions of yuan on domestic railway expansion. China prefers that the other countries pay in natural resources rather than with capital investment. Resources from those countries could stream into China to sustain development． It’ll be a win-win project. For other countries，the railway network will definitely create more opportunities for business，tourism and so on，not to mention the better communication among those countries． For China，such a project would not only connect it with the rest of Asia and bring some much-needed resources，but would also help develop China’s far west．We foresee that in the coming decades，millions of people will migrate to the western regions，where the land is empty and resources unused．With high-speed trains，people will set up factories and business centers in the west once and for all．And they’ll trade with Central Asian and Eastern European countries． 36. China’s new high-speed railway plan will be a win-win project because ______. A. China will get much-needed resources and develop its western regions B. China and the countries involved will benefit from the project in various ways C. China will develop its railway system and communication with other countries D. The foreign countries involved will develop their business and tourism 37. According to the passage，the greatest challenge to the new high-speed railway plan is ________. A. technical issues B. safety of the system C. financial problems D. maintenance of railway tracks 38. Which of the following words best describes the author’s attitude towards China’s high-speed railway plan? A. Critical． B. Reserved． C. Doubtful． D. Positive． 39. Which of the following might be the best title for the passage? A. New Railway Standards. B. Big Railway Dreams. C. High-speed Bullet Trains. D. International Railway Network B Imagine putting a seed in a freezer, waiting 30,000 years, and then taking the seed out and planting it. Do you think a flower would grow? Amazingly, scientists have just managed to do something very similar. They found the fruit of an ancient plant that had been frozen underground in Siberia — a region covering central and eastern
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Russia — for about 31,800 years. Using pieces of the fruit, the scientists grew plants in a lab. The new blooms have delicate white petals. They are also the oldest flowering plants that researchers have ever revived from a deep freeze. “This is like regenerating a dinosaur from tissues of an ancient egg,” said University of California, Los Angeles biologist Jane Shen-Miller. The plant has a long history. Back when mammoths and woolly rhinoceroses walked the land, an Arctic ground squirrel buried seeds and fruits in an underground chamber near the Kolyma River in northeastern Siberia. The ground became permafrost, a layer of soil that stays frozen for a long time. Recently, Russian scientists dug out the old squirrel hole and found the plant remains 38 meters below the surface. Back at the lab, the team fed nutrients to tissue from three of the fruits to grow shoots. Then the scientists transferred the shoots to pots filled with soil. The plants produced seeds that could be used to grow even more of them. It’s important for scientists to know that plant tissues can still be revived after being frozen for a long time. That’s because many researchers are trying to preserve the seeds of modern plants by freezing them and then storing them in giant lockers at various spots around the globe. One such endeavor, an underground facility in Norway, is called the Svalbard Global Seed Vault. It stores hundreds of thousands of frozen seeds. If a plant ever goes extinct, scientists could bring it back by taking its seeds from the Svalbard or other storage lockers. “No one knows how long they are able to live for, but freezing is basically the format for many plant conservation attempts nowadays.” Shen-Miller said. It’s a good thing that at least some plants are tough enough to survive the experience. 40. How did the fruit originally get underground? A. It was trapped there during the ice-age. B. It was placed there by an animal. C. It was planted there by ancient farmers. D. It was buried there after the earthquake. 41. Which of the following was NOT used to recreate the ancient plant? A. Modern nutrients. B. Parts of its fruit. C. Plant pots with soil. D. Its frozen seeds. 42. Why are scientists interested in this discovery? A. It helps them learn how plant life has changed in the past 30,000 years. B. It can provide directions for where to look for other ancient plants. C. It can help guide future efforts to protect endangered plant-life. D. It proves that all plant life can survive for thousands of years when frozen. 43. The underlined word “they” in the final paragraph refers to _______. A. plants B. scientists C. seeds D. storage lockers C In 1974, after filling out fifty applications, going through four interviews, and winning one offer, I look what I could get — a teaching job at what I considered a distant wild area: western New Jersey. My characteristic optimism was alive only when I reminded myself that I would be doing what I had wanted to do since I was fourteen -- teaching English. School started, but I felt more and more as if I were in a foreign country. Was this rural area really New Jersey? My students have a week off when hunting season began. I was told they were also frequently absent in late October to help their fathers make hay on the farms. I was a young woman from New York City, who thought that “Make hay while the sun shines” just meant to have a good time. But, still, I was teaching English. I worked hard, taking time off only to eat and sleep. And then there was my sixth-grade class -- seventeen boys and five girls who were only six years younger than me. I had a problem long before I knew it. I was struggling in my work as a young idealistic teacher. I wanted to make literature come alive and to promote a love of the written word. The students wanted to throw spitballs and whisper dirty words in the back of the room. In college I had been taught that a successful educator should ignore bad behavior. So I did, confident that, as the textbook had said, the bad behavior would disappear as I gave ray students positive attention. It sounds reasonable, but the text evidently ignored the fact that humans, particularly teenagers, rarely seem reasonable. By the time ray boss, who was also ray taskmaster known to be the strictest, most demanding, most quick to fire inexperienced teachers, came into the classroom to observe
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me, the students exhibited very little good behavior to praise. My boss sat in the back of the room. The boys in the class were making animal noises, hitting each other while the girls filed their nails or read magazines. I just pretended it all wasn’t happening, and went on lecturing and tried to ask some inspiring questions. My boss, sitting in the back of the room, seemed to be growing bigger and bigger. After twenty minutes he left, silently. Visions of unemployment marched before my eyes. I felt mildly victorious that I got through the rest of class without crying, but at my next free period I had to face him. I wondered if he would let me finish out the day. I walked to his office, took a deep breath, and opened the door. He was sitting in his chair, and he looked at me long and hard. I said nothing. All I could think of was that I was not an English teacher; I had been lying to myself, pretending that everything was fine. When he spoke, he said simply, without accusation, “You had nothing to say to them.” “You had nothing to say to them," he repeated. “No wonder they’re bored. Why not get to the meal of the literature and stop talking about symbolism. Talk with them, not at them. And more importantly, why do you ignore their bad behavior?” We talked. He named the problems and offered solutions. We role-played. He was the bad student, and I was the forceful, yet, warm, teacher. As the year progressed, we spent many hours discussing literature and ideas about human beings and their motivations. He helped me identify my weaknesses and my strengths. In short, he made a teacher of me by teaching me the reality of Emerson's words: “The secret to education lies in respecting the pupil.” Fifteen years later I still drive that same winding road to the same school. Thanks to the help I received that difficult first year, the school is my home now. 44. It can be inferred from the story that in 1974 ______. A. the writer became an optimistic person B. the writer was very happy about her new job C. it was rather difficult to get a job in the USA D. it was easy to get a teaching job in New Jersey 45. According to the passage, which of the following is most probably the writer’s problem as a new teacher? A. She had blind trust in what she learnt at college. B. She didn’t ask experienced teachers for advice. C. She took too much time off to eat and sleep. D. She didn’t like teaching English literature. 46. The students behaved badly in the writer's classes because ______. A. they were eager to embarrass her B. she didn't really understand them C. they didn't regard her as a good teacher D. she didn’t have a good command of English 47. The taskmaster’s attitude towards the writer after his observation of her class can be best described as ______. A. cruel but encouraging B. fierce but forgiving C. sincere and supportive D. angry and aggressive D “What is the most important thing you’ve done in your life?” The question was put to me during a presentation I gave to a group of lawyers. The answer came to me in an instant. It’s not the one I gave, because the situation was not right. As a lawyer in the entertainment industry, I knew the audience wanted to hear some amusing stories about my work with well-known people, but here’s the true answer: The most important thing I’ve ever done occurred on October 8,1990. I began the day playing tennis with an old friend I hadn’t seen for a while. Between points we talked about what had been happening in each other’s lives. He and his wife had just had a baby boy, who was keeping them up at night. While we were playing, a car came screaming up the road toward the courts. It was my friend’s father, who shouted to my friend that his baby had stopped breathing and was being rushed to the hospital. In a flash my friend was in the car and gone, disappearing in a cloud of dust.
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For a moment I just stood there, paralyzed(呆若木鸡). Then I tried to figure out what I should do. Follow my friend to the hospital? There was nothing I could accomplish there, I convinced myself. My friend’s son was in the care of doctors and nurses, and nothing I could do or say would affect the outcome. Be there for moral support? Well, maybe. But my friend and his wife both had large families, and I knew they’d be surrounded by relatives who would provide more than enough comfort and support, whatever happened. All I could do at the hospital, I decided, was to get in the way. Also, I had planned a full day with my family, who were waiting for me to get home. So I decided to head back to my house and check in my friend later. As I started my car, I realized that my friend had left his truck and keys at the courts. I now faced another problem. I couldn’t leave the keys in the truck. So I decided to go to the hospital and give him the keys. When I arrived, I was directed to a room where my friend and his wife were waiting. As I had thought, the room was filled with family members silently watching my friend comfort his wife. I went in and stood by the door, trying to decide what to do next. Soon a doctor appeared. He approached my friend and his wife, and in a quiet voice told them that their son had died. For a long time the two held each other and cried, unaware of the rest of us standing around in pained silence. After they had calmed themselves, the doctor suggested they spend a few moments with their son. My friend and his wife stood up and walked past their families. When they reached the door, my friend saw me standing in the corner. He came over and hugged me and started to cry. My friend’s wife hugged me, too, and said , “Thanks for being here.” For the rest of that morning, I sat in the emergency room of that hospital and watched my friend and his wife hold the body of their infant son, and say goodbye. It’s the most important thing I have ever done. The experience taught me two lessons. First: The most important thing I’ve ever done happened when I was completely helpless. None of the things I had learned in university, in three years of law school or in six years of legal practice were of any use in that situation. Something terrible was happening to people I cared about, and I was powerless to change the outcome. All I could do was standing by and watching it happen. And yet it was critical that I do just that--- just be there when someone needed me. Second: The most important thing I’ve done almost didn’t happen because of things I had learned in classroom and professional life. Law school taught me how to take a set of facts, break them down and organize them. These skills are critical for lawyers. When people come to us for help, they’re often stressed out and depend on a lawyer to think logically. But while learning to think, I almost forget how to feel. Today I have no doubt that I should have leapt into my car without hesitation and followed my friend to the hospital. From that one experience I learned that the most important thing in life isn’t the money you make, the status you attain or the honors you achieve. The most important thing in life is the kids’ team you coach or the poem you write----or the time when you’re just somebody’s friend. 48. Which of the following is conveyed in this story? A. Family and relatives can not take the place of friends. B. More people are a great comfort when one is in trouble. C. It is best to be here when someone needs you. D. You can certainly help a friend if you want to. 49. The author learned from his own experience that_______. A. what is taught in school is usually of no use. B. a lawyer cannot learn much in classrooms C. a lawyer should know people’s feeling first D. he needs to be able to feel as well as think logically 50. The underlined sentence in the last paragraph suggests that the author_______. A. is fond of writing poems B. is going to coach the kid’s team C. is determined to make friends with everybody D. is fully aware of the importance of being helpful to those in need 四. 任务型阅读
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Back to School: Why Grit(毅力) Is More Important than Good Grades? The back-to-school season is upon us, and once again, parents across the country have loaded their kids’ backpacks up with snack packs and school supplies. It’s a good moment to reflect on what else we should be giving our kids as they head off to school. American parents are feeling particularly anxious about that question this year. The educational process feels more than ever like a race, one that starts in pre-preschool and doesn’t end until your child is admitted to the perfect college. Most parents are more worried than they need to be about their children’s grades, test scores and IQ. And what we don’t think about enough is how to help our children build their character—how to help them develop skills like perseverance, grit, optimism, conscientiousness, and self-control, which together do more to determine success than S.A.T. scores or I.Q. There is growing evidence that our anxiety about our children’s school performance may actually be holding them back from learning some of these valuable skills. If you’re concerned only with a child’s G.P.A., then you will likely choose to minimize the challenges the child faces in school. With real challenge comes the risk of real failure. And in a competitive academic environment, the idea of failure can be very scary, to students and parents alike. But experiencing failure is a critical part of building character. Recent research by a team of psychologists found that adults who had experienced little or no failure growing up were actually less happy and confident than those who had experienced a few significant setbacks in childhood. “Overcoming those obstacles,” the researchers assumed, “could teach effective coping skills, help engage social support networks, create a sense of mastery over past adversity, and foster beliefs in the ability to cope successfully in the future.” By contrast, when we protect our children from every possible failure—when we call their teachers to get an extension on a paper; when we urge them to choose only those subjects they’re good at—we are denying them those same character-building experiences. As the psychologists Madeline Levine and Dan Kindlon have written, that can lead to difficulties in adolescence and young adulthood, when overprotected young people finally confront real problems on their own and don’t know how to overcome them. In the classroom and outside of it, American parents need to encourage children to take chances, to challenge themselves, to risk failure. In the meantime, giving our kids room to fail may be one of the best ways we can help them succeed. Back to School: Why Grit Is More Important than Good Grades? ◆Parents throughout America (51) their kids’ backpacks Common phenomena up with snacks and school supplies. ◆Many American parents don’t (52) enough importance to their kids’ character building. ◆Parents should pay more The writer’s (53) attention to their kids’ character building. Evidence and (54) findings ◆Parents’ anxiety about their kids’ performance may (55) them from learning some valuable skills. ◆Parents concerned only with a kid’s G.P.A. have a (56) to minimize the challenges the child faces. ◆Adults who have experienced a few significant setbacks in childhood are (57) and more confident than those who haven’t. ◆Denying kids character-building experiences can (58) in difficulties in adolescence and young adulthood. The writer’s suggestions ◆ (59) kids to be risk-takers. ◆Give kids room to experience (60) .
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五. 书面表达 阅读下面的一则通讯稿，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 Recently many advisers have called for reforms of the English language testing system to make it more effective in developing actual language ability. "Currently, the English testing system in China puts too much pressure on students to get high marks and ignores the development of their comprehensive（综合的）language abilities," they said. "Some changes in the evaluation procedures of English examinations are necessary for the sound development of the national English education system," others added. [写作内容] 假设你班最近要进行一次英语主题班会，就上述文章中谈及的话题进行讨论，请你准备一篇 发言稿，以下是发言稿的内容（开头与结尾已经写好） ： 1. 以约 30 个词概括和分析上述话题的主要内容； 2. 以约 120 个词就这一话题发表自己的看法，并包括如下要点： (1) 你是否赞成通讯稿中人们的观点。 (2) 至少呈现三条理由来支撑自己的观点。 (3) 对于“How to develop comprehensive language ability”，提出你认为最重要的一条途径。 [写作要求] 1.作文中可以参照阅读材料的内容，但不得直接抄用原文中的句子; 2.文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 Dear classmates, _______________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ Personally, ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ As to the development of comprehensive language abilities, _______________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ That’s all. I appreciate your attention.
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单选: 完型: 阅读: 任务型:
51. load 52. attach 53. view/point 54. research 59. Encourage 55. discourage/prevent/ hinder/ stop/ keep 60. failure(s) BACDC ACADC BABDA BDABA ABCBB BCDBC BCADB
56. tendency 57. happier 58. result 书面表达： Dear classmates,
Recently, the topic of whether English should be tested in a reformed way has been heatedly discussed. Many believe the current evaluation procedures hinder students’ comprehensive abilities and therefore argue for a reform. Personally, I am against this point of view. There are numerous reasons why I think so, but today I would only explore some of them. Firstly, I don’t think our comprehensive abilities are hindered. To my knowledge, many of my classmates are good at all the four skills of English. Moreover, the current testing system is nothing but the fairest way for students to get selected for college study. Admittedly, there is pressure nowadays. But who can guarantee a new testing method will spare us from pressure? As to the development of comprehensive language abilities, I believe the only solution is we students practice more, either listening and reading or speaking and writing. Only in this way can we learn English in an effective way. That’s all. I appreciate your attention.（152 words）
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