上海市复兴高级中学 2014 学年度第一学期期中考试 (A) when I was in college, a man named Henry worked as a custodian(看门人) in our student union building. White-haired, with a Pennsylvania Dutch accent, Henry could u
sually be seen __21_____ a baseball cap, a T-shirt and a pair of jeans. He was the custodian, and he was the most respected and most well-known person in the building. Everyone loved Henry, and it was because of all the implicit ways he expressed his love for everyone around him. Henry didn’t have to say “I love you”. He lived his love. Henry was always excited __22__ he met someone new, and he wanted to know everything about them. He felt it was important to do things for people he valued. And Henry seemed to value everone he met. He brought in articles or cartoons for certain people,went out of his way to introduce people to each other, ___23____ (keep) dozens of names and birthdays in his wallet so that he could send cards, and helped students keep in touch with graduates who __24___ (write) to him. He even assisted students who didn’t have enough moeney to buy their books. Henty taught me-and many others he suported -how to live life to the fullest. Not by skydiving or exploring some foreign countries, but by appreciating where you are in life and ___25__ (value) others around you. The funny things is that despite _____26_____ he did and taught us, Henry truly believed that he was the lucky one-that he was the one who was gaining so much by getting to know us. But all of us who remember Henry know that we were the ones who were truly blessed. We will never forget the man who taught us that best way to say”I love you” often has little ____27__ (do) with the word. (B) Mrs. Jones was very fond of singing. She had a very good voice, except that some of her high notes tended to sound like a gate which someone had forgotten to oil. Mrs. Jones was very conscious of this weakness, and took every opportunity she ___28_____find to practice these high notes. As she lived in a small house, ___29___ she could not practice without disturbing the rest of the family, she usually went for long walks along the country roads whenever she had time, and practiced her high notes there. Whenever she heard a car or a person ____30_____ (come) along the road, she stopped and waited until she could no longer __31_____（hear）before she started practicing again, because she was a shy person, and because she was sensitive about those high notes. One afternoon, however, a fast open car came behind her so silently __32____ she did not hear it until it was only a few yards away from her. She __33_____(sing) some of her ___34__(high) and most difficult notes at the time. As the car passed her, she saw____35____ anxious expression suddenly come over its driver's face. He put his brakes on violently, and as soon as the car stopped, he jumped out and began to examine all his tyros carefully. Mrs. Jones dared not tell him ____36____ the noise he had heard had really been, so he got back
into his car, and drove off, as puzzled as he had been when he stopped.
Section B A. investments G. related B. enough C. unconditional H. doubly I. commitment D. degree E. loyalty J. promoted K. reduce F. back
Although many companies offer tuition repayment, most companies only repay employees for classes that are relevant to their position. This is a very limiting policy. A company that repays employees for all college credit courses—whether job ___37___ or not—offers a service not only to the employees, but to the entire company. One good reason for giving employees _38____ tuition repayment is that it shows the company’ s commitment to its employees. In today’ s economy, where job security is a thing of the past and employees feel more and more expendable, it is important for a company demonstrate to its employees that it cares. The best way to do this is with concrete __39___ in them. In turn, this commitment to the betterment of company employees will create greater employee __40__. A company that puts out funds to pay for the education of its employees will get its money __41___ by having employees stay with the company longer. It will ____42____ employee turnover, because even employees who don’ t take advantage of the tuition repayment program will be more loyal to their company just knowing that their company cares ___43__ to pay for their education. Most importantly, the company that has an unrestricted tuition repayment program will have higher quality employees. Although these companies do indeed run the risk of losing money on employees who go on to another job in a different company as soon as they get their __44___, more often than not, the employee will stay with the company.And even if employees do leave after graduation, it generally takes several years to complete any degree program. Thus, even if the employee leaves upon graduating, throughout those years, the employer will have a more sophisticated, more intelligent, and therefore more valuable and productive employee. And, if the employee stays, that education will __45___ benefit the company: Not only is the employee more educated, but now that employee can be ___46__ so the company doesn’t have to fill a high-level vacancy from the outside. Open positions can be filled by people who already know the company well. Though unconditional tuition repayment requires a significant investment on the employer’ s part, it is perhaps one of the wisest investments a company can make.
Reading Close: Another person ’ s enthusiasm was what set me moving toward the success I have achieved.That person was my stepmother. I was nine years old when she enterd our home in rural Virginia. My father__47__me to her with these words: “I would like you to meet the fellow who is__48_ for being the worst boy in this county and will probably start throwing rocks at you no _49__ than tomorrow morning. ” My stepmother walked over to me, _50__ my head slightly upward,and looked me right in the eye.Then she looked at my father and replied,“You are wrong.This is not the worst boy at all, but the smartest one who hasn ’ t yet found an outlet （释放的途径） for his enthusiasm. ”
That statement began a(n) _51__ between us.No one had ever called me smart,My family and neighbors had built me up in my _52__ as a bad boy . My stepmother changed all that. She changed many things.She _53__ my father to go to a dental school,from which he graduated with honors.She moved our family into the county seat,where my father’s career could be more successful and my brother and I could be better__54_. . When I turned fourteen,she bought me a secondhand typewriter and told me that she believed that I could become a writer.I knew her ernthusiasm,I___55 it had alreadly improved our lives.I accepted her ___56__ and began to write for local newspapers.I was doing the same kind of___57__that great day I went to interview Andrew Carnegie and received the task which became my life’s work later.I wasn’t the only beneficiary (受益者).My father became the __58__ man in town.My brother and stepbrothers became a physician,a dentist,a lawyer,and a college president. What power ____59_____ has!When that power is released to support the certainty of one’s purpose and is ____60___ strengthened by faith,it becomes an irresistible（不可抗拒的）force which poverty and temporary defeat can never __61__. . You can communicate that power to anyone who needs it.This is probably the greatest work you can do with your enthusiasm. 47 A.rushed B.sent C.carried D.introduced 48.A.distinguished B.favored C.mistaken D.rewarded 49.A.sooner B.later C.longer D.earlier 50.A.dragged B.shook C.raised D.bent 51.A.agreement B.friendship C.gap D.relationship 52.A.opinion B.image C.expectation D.mind 53.A.begged B.persuaded C.ordered D.invited 54.A.treated B.entertained C.educated D.respected 55.A.considered B.suspected C.ignored D.appreciated 56.A.belief B.request C.criticism D.description 57.A.teaching B.writing C.studying D.reading 58.A.cleverest B.wealthiest C.strongest D.bealthiest 59.A.enthusiasm B.sympathy C.fortune D.confidence 60.A.conveniently B.happily C.traditionally D.constantly 61. A.win B.match C.reach D.doubt
Section B A Like many new graduates, I left university full of hope for the future but with no real idea of what I wanted to do. My degree, with honors, in English literature had not really prepared me for anything practical. I knew I wanted to make a difference in the world somehow, but I had no idea how to do that. That’s when I learned about the Lighthouse Project. I started my journey as a Lighthouse Project volunteer by reading as much as I could about the experiences of previous volunteers. I knew it would be a lot of hard work, and that I would be away from my family and friends for a very long time. In short, I did not take my decision to
apply for the Lighthouse Project lightly. Neither did my family. Eventually, however, I won the support of my family, and I sent in all the paperwork needed for the application. After countless interviews and presentations, I managed to stand out among the candidates and survive the test alone. Several months later, I finally received a call asking me to report for the duty. I would be going to a small village near Abuja, Nigeria. Where? What? Nigeria? I had no idea. But I was about to find out. After completing my training, I was sent to the village that was small and desperately in need of proper accommodation. Though the local villagers were poor, they offered their homes, hearts, and food as if I were their own family. I was asked to lead a small team of local people in building a new schoolhouse. For the next year or so, I taught in that same schoolhouse. But I sometimes think I learned more from my students than they did from me. Sometime during that period, I realized that all those things that had seemed so strange or unusual to me no longer did, though I did not get anywhere with the local language, and returned to the United States a different man. The Lighthouse Project had changed my life forever. 62. What do we know about the author? A. His university education focused on the theoretical knowledge. B. His dream at university was to become a volunteer. C. He took pride in having contributed to the world. D. He felt honored to study English literature. 63. In his application for the volunteer job, the author A. participated in many discussions B. went through challenging survival tests C. wrote quite a few paper on voluntary work D. faced strong competition from other candidates 64. On arrival at the village, the author was A. asked to lead a farming team B. sent to teach in a schoolhouse C. received warmly by local villagers D. arranged to live in a separate house. 65. What can we infer from the author’s experiences in Nigeria? A. He found some difficulty adapting to the local culture B. He had learned to communicate in the local language. C. He had overcome all his weaknesses before he left for home. D. He was chosen as the most respectable teacher by his students.
B Given Australia's size and the fact that early settlements were far apart, Australian society is remarkably homogeneous (同种的). Its citizens are fundamentally prosperous and the way of life in the major cities and towns is much the same however many miles divide them. It_takes_a_sharp _ear_to_identify_regional_accents. However, there is some difference in lifestyle between city dwellers and the country people.
Almost 90 percent of the population lives in the fastpaced cities along the coast and has little more than a passing familiarity with the desert. The major cities preserve pockets of colonial heritage, but the overall impression is modern, with new buildings reflecting the country's youth. In contrast, the rural communities tend to be slowmoving and conservative. For many years, Australia was said to have "ridden on the sheep's back", a reference to wool being the country's main moneyearner. However, the wool industry is no longer dominant. Much of Australia's relatively sound economy is now achieved from natural coal and wheat, and by being the largest diamond producer in the world. Newer industries such as tourism and wine making are also increasingly important. Australians are generally friendly and relaxed, with a selfdeprecating sense of humour. On the whole, Australia is a society without hierarchies (等级制度), an attitude generally held to stem from its prisoner beginnings. Yet, contrary to widespread belief, very few Australians have true prisoner origins. Within only one generation of the arrival of the First Fleet in 1788, Australia had become a nation of immigrants. Originally coming almost entirely from the British Isles, today one in three Australians comes from elsewhere. Australia's liberal postwar immigration policies led to an influx of survivors from wartorn Europe, most notably Greeks, Italians, Poles and Germans. The emphasis has shifted in recent years and today the majority of new immigrants are from Southeast Asia. Today Australia is a 'blend of nations' and although some racism exists, it has generally been a successful experiment and the country is justifiably proud to have one of the most harmonious multicultural communities in the world.
66. What does the writer mean by saying "It takes a sharp ear to identify regional accents." in the first paragraph? A.Australians speak Standard English with no local accents whatsoever. B.You have to practice a lot to learn to understand the different accents. C.The Australian regional accents are very difficult to understand indeed. D.There is not much difference between the accents in different areas of Australia. 67. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the A.Most Australians have ancestors who were prisoners. B.The Australian economy is dependent on sheep C.The majority of people living in Australia come from D.The pace of life is different in the city and in the 68.The underlined pronoun A.community B.racism C.blend of nations D.Southeast Asia "it" in the final paragraph refers to passage? exports. Europe. country.
69.We can infer from the passage that ________. A.there are no signs of Australia's colonial past in its modern cities B.Australia's recent immigration policy encourages immigrants from Southeast Asia C.immigrants from Southeast Asia have brought racial problems D."riding on sheep's back" resulted in slow development in rural communities 70.This passage A.society B.economy C.racial problems D. History mainly focuses on Australia's ________.
Section C Most people look forward to retirement as a time when they can finally take up activities that they never had the time or energy to pursue before. But some recent studies on people in their golden years are disturbing: they suggest that retirees are more likely to suffer from depression and possibly higher rates of other diseases such as heart disease and high blood pressure. That's why a new study of French workers is welcome news. Led by Hugo Westerlund, a professor of psychology at Stockholm University, the study of more than 14,000 workers found lower rates of depression and fatigue (疲劳) in people after they got retired while they werestillemployed. The scientists followed employees of the French National Gas and Electric Company for 14 years. They found in the year immediately after retirement, the volunteers reported 40% fewer depressive symptoms than they had in the year before their retirement. The researchers also found an 81% drop in reports of both mental andphysical fatigue over the same time period. Clearly, said Westerlund, much of these decrease in physical and mental fatigue can be traced back to relief from the stresses of work. The decline in depressive symptoms suggests that retirement may be having a positive mental effect, too, which may have a lot to do with the generous pensions ( 养老金 ) that French workers enjoy. Most retirees in that country still benefit from about 80% of their yearly salaries. "The economic or financial situation in retirement is very important," Westerlund says. "We don't know if the decrease in fatigue and depressive symptoms is because of the removal of something bad while in work or the addition of something good while in retirement. But no matter the reason, if life in retirement is not comfortable, then we won't see the improvements we did." However, in European nations like France, governments are considering changes to pension plans, which may affect retirees' health after they leave their jobs-with less of a financial safety net, workers may no longer seem so mentally and physically happy to be out of work. (Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN EIGHT WORDS.)
70. According to some recent studies, retired people may have depression and higher rates of other diseases like _______.
71. Westerlund's group found that in the year just after the retirement most retired French workers felt tired 72. What does the word much both "improvements" in paragraph 5 less _______. refer to?
________________________________________________________________________________________ 73. Retirement may make people happier with ______.
Translation 1 请在周五前把名单给我，以免你下个星期忘记。(in case) 2 该家教中心被要求承诺提高学生的学业水平。(promise) 3 对于自己的信心来自于你如何看待自己，而不是人家对你的看法。（what） 4 正是滑雪教练教的基本技能能使我没有摔倒受伤。（It） 5 Simon 上周被公司解雇，这意味着他无法购买一直想要的新车。（afford）