衡阳八中 2016 年上期高二年级第一次月考试卷 英语（试题卷）
注意事项： 1.本卷为衡阳八中高二年级理科实验班第一次月考试卷，分两卷。其中共 72 题，满分 150 分，考试时间为 120 分钟。 2.考生领取到试卷后，应检查试卷是否有缺页漏页，重影模糊等妨碍答题现象，如有请立即 向监考老师通报。开考前 15 分钟后，考生禁止入场，监考老师处理余卷。 3.请考生将答
案填写在答题卡上，选择题部分请用 2B 铅笔填涂，非选择题部分请用黑色 0.5mm 签字笔书写。考试结束后，试题卷与答题卡一并交回。 ★预祝考生考试顺利★
选择题（共 100 分）
一.听力（每题 1.5 分，共 30 分） 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选 项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅 读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What does Jim do? A. A teacher. B. An officer. C. A student. 2. What time did Suzy leave home? A. 4:30. B. 5:00. C. 5:15. 3. What is the man?s suggestion? A. Going to the concert. B. Going to see a show. C. Just walking around. 4. How long has the rain lasted? A. 5 days. B. 6 days. C. 7 days. 5. What opinion do they hold on their chemistry course? A. It?s well organized. B. It is satisfactory. C. It is unsatisfactory. 第二节(共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项 中选出最佳选项， 并标在试卷的相应位置。 听每段对话或独白前， 你将有时间阅读各个小题， 每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 7 题。 6. Where does this conversation take place? A. In a library. B. In a school. C. In a bookstore. 7. Why is William Shakespeare mentioned in the conversation? A. He gave gifts to millions of people. B. He was a very wealthy man in his times. C. His signature is worth a lot of money. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 11 题。 8. What are the man and woman looking for? A. A comfortable hotel. B. A modern hotel. C. An inexpensive hotel. 9. Whom did the man and woman ask for help? A. A policewoman. B. A waitress. C. A passer-by. 10. Where could the man and woman find a hotel they needed? A. In the next street. B. Next to a bank. C. Two-minute drive to the west.
11. Where did the conversation most likely take place? A. In a street. B. In a restaurant. C. In a hotel. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 12 至 14 题。 12. What would the woman like to do this weekend? A. Go climbing. B. Go shopping. C. Go fishing. 13. What does the man plan to do on Saturday? A. Check his schedule. B. Stay at home. C. Help his sister move. 14. How will the man get in touch with the woman? A. By making a phone call to the woman?s house. B. By making a phone call to the woman?s mother?s house. C. By making a call to her cell phone. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 15 至 17 题。 15. What is the woman doing? A. Listening to music. B. Seeing a film. C. Writing a letter. 16. How long will the woman stay in Japan? A. For a year. B. For a month. C. For two years. 17. What will the woman do before she leaves for Japan? A. Read more Japanese novels. B. Attend a language class. C. Apply for a new program. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 18 至 20 题。 18．How many news headlines are broadcast? A．4． B．5． C．6． 19．What happened early on Saturday morning? A．A Russian rocket was sent up． B．A tour bus slid off a highway． C．Three aid workers were killed． 20．How many people were killed in the gas explosion? A．At least 4． B．About 30． C．Over 40． 二.阅读理解（每题 2 分，共 40 分） 第一部分 阅读下面的文章，从每题后面所给的四个选项中选出正确的一项。 A Researchers from France and Italy discovered that Canadian parents are less strict with their children than mothers and fathers in France and Italy. “Our most important finding was the difference between Canadians and the others， ” said Professor Michel Claes，the lead author of the study.“Canadians focus on independence and negotiation． On the other hand， Italians， for example， exercise more control． We found Canadians seem to focus on negotiation in case of a conflict.” Claes said Canada，France and Italy were selected for the study because they share important cultural and social factors.“We chose French?Canadians because they share the same language as France，and originally came from France and share certain values．Italy was included because it
was considered to have similar，strong and important family values， ” he explained. The researchers examined the emotional ties between parents and their children by questioning 1,256 students aged 11 to 19 years old. Canadian students reported less control and more free actions，according to the study．Italian parents were stricter and French parents were somewhere in the middle. Claes explains that the differences lie in education in Canada，France and Italy. “North America has its own educational values， which promote individualization． Tolerance and comprehension are encouraged．Italy，on the other hand，promotes respect of authority，control， and the need for permission.” he said. Children from all three countries described their mothers as warm and communicative．Italian and Canadian children had similar feelings about their fathers，and reported high levels of emotional ties．But French fathers were generally thought by their children to be more distant and cold. “We were surprised by this， ” Claes admitted.“It seems as though the relationships between French mothers and their children were becoming closer over time，while fathers maintain a form of distance and coldness，which is more of a source of conflict in France than in the other countries.” 1．Professor Michel Claes believes that Canada，France and Italy ________. A．have the same family spirit B．have some similar cultural traditions C．have experienced some similar social changes D．have experienced similar cultural developments 2．How did the researchers carry out the study ? A．By collecting answers of parents from Canada，France and Italy. B．By collecting answers of children from Canada，France and Italy. C．By questioning parents and their children from Italian Canadian families. D．By questioning children from French?Canadian families. 3．According to Michel Claes，what mainly leads to the differences in parent?children relationships among Canada，France and Italy? A．Educational opportunities. B．Traditional ideas. C．Educational values. D．Historical events. B When looking at Western Europe，we don?t usually think about poverty—but in fact，some people in modern—day Britain are so hard up that they can?t afford to buy food． Back in 2008． the financial crisis caused a lot of unemployment． Then there were the cuts to the welfare system in 20 1 3 which added to the problem—and many British people fell into debt．It?s estimated that 500，000 people in the UK have turned to food banks，just to get by． Steph Hagen，who works in a Nottingham food bank，says：“People do not go to a food bank because it's an open door．It?s a case where they go to it because they need to．With our food bank—we are an independent one． and we have limited stocks—everyone who comes through our door has no income．” There are checks to make sure nobody is abusing the system．If a doctor or a social worker thinks someone needs to use a food bank—even for a short time—they can give them vouchers(凭
证)．Then the people in need take them along to the food bank and they get handouts for three days． Churches and individual donors provide most of the food in the banks．But some businesses might help out too． And what sort of food is offered in food banks? Hagen says： “Basically， we?ve got porridge． We do occasionally get fresh produce but it?s very rare， especially in the winter months． It?s like tinned fruit，tinned ready meals．We have to give out?no-cooking?food parcels because people can?t afford the gas and electricity”． Community spirit has a lot to do with food banks．Volunteers say they are a great meeting place for people who are lonely and depressed． And when facing a crisis， some beneficiaries might need to feed not only their belly—but also their soul． 24．According to the text，the food bank is a place_____． A．which is funded by the government B．where people can get food randomly C．which helps poor people live through crisis D．where there is enough food supplies 25．What does the underlined word“them”in Paragraph 4 refer to? A．Systems． B．Doctors． C．Social workers． D．Vouchers． 26．Why do food banks mainly offer“no-cooking”food? A．Poor people have no money for gas and electricity． B．The volunteers hate to supply cooked food． C．Food banks can?t afford cooked food． D．This kind of food is easy to store． 27．What can we learn from the last paragraph? A．Community spirit can cure those who are depressed． B．Food banks benefit poor people mind and body． C．People can have great fun in food banks． D．Volunteers tend to feel lonely and depressed in food banks． C I’ve often wondered how exactly sleep, or lack of it, can have such an awful effect on our bodies and, guess what, how much we sleep switches good genes(基因) on and had genes off. In the first half of 2013, the Sleep Research Centre at the University of Surrey found a direct link between hours spent sleeping and genes. Every cell in our bodies carries genetic instructions in our DNA that act as a kind of operating handbook. However, each cell only “reads” the part of this handbook it needs at any given moment. Can sleep affect how a gene reads instructions? It’s a question asked by Professor Derk-Jan Dijk at the University of Surrey. He set up an experiment and asked his volunteers to spend a week sleeping around seven and a half hours to eight hours a night and the next sleeping six and a half to seven hours. Blood samples were taken each week to compare which genes in blood cells were being used during the long and short nights. The results were rather surprising. Several hundred genes changed in the amount they were being used, including some that are linked to heart disease, cancer, and Type 2 diabetes. Genes to do with cell repair and replacement were used much less. Sleep restriction(six and a half to seven hours a night) changed 380genes. Of these, 220 genes
were down regulated (their power was increased). Those affected included body-clock genes which are linked to diabetes(糖尿病). One of the most downgraded genes is that which has a role in controlling insulin(胰岛素) and is linked to diabetes and insomnia(失眠). The most upgraded gene is linked to heart disease. So changing sleep by tiny amounts can upgrade or downgrade genes that can influence our health and the diseases we suffer from when we sleep too little. The important message is that getting close to eight hours of sleep a night can make a dramatic difference to our health in just a few days through the way it looks after our genes. 28.What kind of relation is directly discussed in the passage? A. Sleeping hours and changes of genes. B. Sleeping hours and diseases. C. Changes of genes and diseases. D.Genes and health. 29.What can we learn about Professor Derk-Jan Kijk’s experiment? A. The experiment was carried out to find the answer to how genes affect sleep. B. The experiment took a period of more than two weeks to reach a conclusion. C. His volunteers were divided into two groups with two different sleeping patterns. D. Blood samples of the volunteers were checked afterwards to decide how many genes changed in sleeping. 30.Which of the following may be concluded from the passage? A. The experiment was performed at the University of Surrey in early 2013. B. Body-clock genes are associated with heart disease, cancer and Type 2 diabetes. C. Sleep restrictions may contribute to disease like diabetes, insomnia, and heart disease. D. 7.5－8 hours’ sleep pattern makes little difference compared with 6.5－7 hours’ sleep pattern. 31.Which of the following can be inferred from the findings of the sleep research? A. When there is a sleep restriction, genes to do with cell repair and replacement function less. B. In a sleep, several hundred genes change in the amount. The more changes, the worse results. C. When genes are up regulated, they do good to health; when genes are down regulated , they do harm to health. D. Eight hours of sleep a day can be beneficial to our health in that it looks after our genes. D The oceans are unique to our planet. No other planet in our solar system has liquid water. The oceans cover about 70% of the earth's surface. They contain about 97% of the earth's water supply. Life on earth originated in the seas. The oceans continue to be home to an incredible number of plants and animals. We know very little about the oceans. Because they are so deep and dark, they are hard to study. But scientists are discovering new strange creatures all the time. We are learning more by using satellites to look at the oceans' surfaces and by using buoys (航标 ) to measure temperature and saltiness. Special vehicles can now travel deep into the dark oceans to see what mysteries can be discovered. More of the sun's heat is assimilated by water along the equator than at the poles. This means the water at the equator is warmer than water at the poles. These different water temperatures cause the water in the oceans to move. This is called an ocean current.
The air above ocean currents also moves. The warm or cold ocean air moves over the land as wind. Oceans are also a really important part of the water cycle. Evaporation （蒸发） from oceans creates most of the world's rainfall. Plants on land need the rain to absorb nutrients from the soil. The oceans are also home to all kinds of sea life. These include fish, whales, dolphins, octopi, lobsters, crabs and shrimps. There are also jellyfish and starfish.Many kinds of plants, such as plankton, kelp and sea grass are part of the "forest of the seafloor." Carbon dioxide in-oxygen out! Oceans help to capture and store carbon dioxide(C02). They are the largest natural "carbon sinks" in the world. Oceans trap about1/4of the CO2 that humans put into the air. Oceans also release oxygen. Half of the world's oxygen is produced by these tiny plants! 32. What does the author think of oceans? A. They are amazing. C. They are boundless. B. They are common. D. They are unimaginable.
33. To know more about the mysterious oceans,____. A. scientists use satellites in the oceans B. scientists are discovering new strange creatures C. scientists are using satellites to monitor the depth of oceans D. scientists are introducing scientific equipment in the research 34. What does the underlined word "assimilated" mean in the passage? A. Taken in B. Given off. C. Cut down. D. Held back. 35. It can be inferred from the passage that____ A. oceans produce much carbon dioxide B. it is not safe to live by the oceans C. oceans provide humans with rich resources D. humans can only depend on oceans for water 第二部分 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为 多余选项。 What attitude would you have to disappointments in life? 36 Find out how a chair，a pair of sunglasses and other items can hold unexpected promise for controlling your anger． 1．Take A Seat—Right Now There?s a reason you?ve probably never gotten into an angry state of mind from a chair．W．Robert Nay，a clinical professor，says，“Our brains become conditioned to associate sitting and lying down with feeling relaxed．?? 37 Sitting down，Nay says，sends a message of safety and security to your brain． 2．Don?t Get Mad，Get Organized A study of nearly 11,000 subjects in 42 countries found that the key to hold back anger is preventing it in the first place． Spending a few minutes every morning to map out your day will go far in lowering anger and anxiety levels．The theory： 38 3．Keep Your Cool With A Pair Of Shades Research in the journal Cognition & Emotion(情绪)found that when people walk in direct sun without sunglasses，the light causes them to feel depressed．Those who walked unshaded against
the rays had increased aggressiveness scores．Study co-author Daniele Marzoli suggests seeking shade during heated exchanges：“ 39 ?? 4．Handle anger in a sensible way We are busy working all day as if running a car on the high way．But remember：remind yourself to brake at any time in case of sudden crash． When you?re in anger， say to yourself, “Why am I angry? Is it necessary?”When attention is transferred( 转 移 ) ， blind emotion will be controlled． 40 A．Don?t be an angry bird． B．Well begun is half done． C．It?s useful to handle problems． D．You?re suddenly a crazy angry person． E．That?s why it?s so easy to fall asleep on an airplane． F．Effective time management keeps you on track，avoiding stress． G．Compared outdoor，indoor conversations have more friendly interactions． 三.语言知识技能运用（共两节，共 45 分） 【一】完形填空（每题 1.5 分，共 30 分） 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳 选项。
Stealing? I guess we were stealing. But in our 13-year-old brains the matter of ownership 41 occurred to us. We just wanted to 42 some strawberries in Mr Jordan?s backyard. So we went 43 into his backyard. When we started 44 his strawberries, all of a sudden Mr Jordan came outside. “What are you boys doing out here?” he 45 and tried to grab one or two as my friends rushed past him, but they were too 46 for the older gentleman to seize, and all the boys except me disappeared within seconds. Speed was never my 47 .So I could just stand there and 48 whatever punishment would surely come my way from Mr Jordan. He marched me to my house and my mother criticized me. My friends gathered to celebrate their 49 and observe my capture. They 50 me about it for days afterwards, while all I could do was complain to my father about how 51 it was. “I don?t think so,” Dad said. “You got the punishment you 52 .” “But what about other guys?” I asked. Dad said, “You can?t 53 what happens to other people. You can only 54 what happens to you. You picked Mr Jordan?s strawberries that night, and you were punished for it. To me, that is completely fair.” Then I couldn?t 55 my father?s words. 56 through the years I knew what he talked about. We didn?t come to earth with a 57 that life would treat us fairly. Like Dad said, the 58 thing we can actually 59 is what happens to us. How we choose to respond to what happens to us is truly the 60 by which the quality of our lives will be measured whether or not we think it happens fairly. 41.A.never B.ever C.often D.sometimes
42.A.see 43.A.carelessly 44.A.harvesting 45.A.smiled 46.A.stupid 47.A.character 48.A.deny 49.A.escape 50.A.helped 51.A.illegal 52.A.deserved 53.A.ignore 54.A.face 55.A.mark 56.A.And 57.A.guarantee 58.A.common 59.A.look at 60.A.standard
D.water D.calmly D.facing D.added D.tall D.strength D.accept
B.sadly C.secretly B.destroying C.treating B.shouted B.quick B.luck B.judge B.unit B.teased B.impractical B.observed B.expect B.lead B.improve B.Or C.doubted C.kind C.choice C.admit
C.life D.holiday C.blamed D.supported C.unfair C.wanted D.unnecessary D.imagined
C.conclude D.control C.devote D.refuse C.understand C.So D.But D.discuss
B.direction B.obvious B.deal with B.view
C.question D.form C.only D.easy C.dream of D.take away C.value D.purpose
第 II 卷
非选择题（共 50 分）
三.语言知识技能运用（共两节，共 45 分） 【二】语法填空（每空 1.5 分，共 15 分） 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 A father is very worried about his son. the master and 61 acts like a coward. So his father paid a visit to 63 a real man in three months.” 62 (ask) him to train his son.
The master said, “I promise I'll be able to train your child the child 65 his coach to show the three-month training result.
Three months later, his father came 64 (pick) the child. The master arranged a match between At Round One, the child 66 (knock) down and fell to the ground. He stood up to meet the challenge. But he was knocked down again, and once again he stood up to fight... this was repeated six times. The master asked his father, “Do you think your child's 67 (perform)is that of a man?" The father said,¨ I feel ashamed for 68 ！ I never expected that he would be so weak after three months 69 (train).”The master said,“I don't agree with you, and I regret that you only see_70 surface of things. You have not seen the courage and perseverance in your son. This is the very spirit of a man！” 四.写作技能（共两节，共 35 分） 71.短文改错（共 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文， 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧） ，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（﹨）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2.只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 Have you ever had a headache during a test? Have you ever been too worried about something that you have a headache or even can’t sleep at night? If so, then you know that stress is. Not all stress is bad for you. Some kinds of stress can help you get things do better, like when you are running towards the finishing line or when you are being asked to give a speech to your class. Stress sometimes can help push you to make full preparation for a test. However, too much stress can result in anger, depression and other related problems, which we need to take serious. There are many things in our life what might cause stress ------ having too much homework, taking a difficult test, and having economic problems. It’s impossible to live in a life completely free of stress, so you should learn to deal with stress. The best way reduce stress is to have a balance life. If you get enough sleep, eat properly, take more exercise and have enough fun time, you’ll probably feel less stressed. 72.书面表达（共 25 分） 假设你是李华，你校英文报“My Point of View”一栏拟刊登“家庭与孩子成长”有关的内容。 现 在很多家庭只有一个孩子， 这样的环境对孩子的成长是否有利？如果一个家庭可以有两个孩 子， 那对孩子的成长又有什么样的利弊？请你就这个话题给校报编辑写一封信， 谈谈你的看 法。 注意：1. 词数 100 左右； 2. 可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 3. 开头语已为你写好，不计入总词数。 Dear Editor, With the implementing of family planning policy, most families have only one child._________________________________________
衡阳八中 2016 年下期高二年级理科实验班第一次月考英语 参考答案
1-5.CABAC 6-10.CCCBC 11-15.BACBB 16-20.ABBAC 21-23.BBC 24-27.CDAB 28-31.ACCD 32-35.ADAC 36-40.AEFGC 41.A 考查副词。对于一群 13 岁的孩子来说,所有权的问题他们从未(never)想过。 42.C 考查动词。根据倒数第 3 段中的“You picked Mr Jordan’s strawberries that night” 可知,他们只是想去摘(pick)草莓。 43.C 考查副词。联系首段第 1 句可知,他们是偷偷地(secretly)进入乔丹先生的后院的。 44.A 考查动词。此处指他们正在采摘草莓,上文有提示。 45.B 考查动词。根据后面乔丹先生试图抓住他们中的一两个可知他在愤怒地大喊。 46.B 考查形容词。根据后面的 disappeared 可知,此处指他们跑得太快(quick),乔丹先生 抓不住他们。 47.D 考查名词。除了作者以外,其他的孩子都跑掉了,所以速度不是作者的长处。 48.D 考查动词。 作者被抓住了,所以只能站在那里接受(accept)必然来自乔丹先生的任何惩 罚。 49.A 考查名词。联系第 2 段可知,那些男孩都逃掉了,所以他们聚集在一起庆祝自己的顺利 逃脱(escape)。 50.B 考查动词。那些男孩聚集在一起庆祝自己的顺利逃脱,并在之后的很多天,一直取笑 (teased)作者被抓。 51.C 考查形容词。联系下一句可知,此处作者觉得自己被抓很不公平(unfair)。 52.A 考查动词。作者的父亲认为作者得到了应得(deserved)的惩罚。 53.D 考查动词。作者的父亲说:“你不能掌控(control)别人遇到什么事” 。 54.A 考查动词。你不能掌控别人遇到什么事,你只能应对发生在自己身上的事。 55.C 考查动词。根据下文转折语气可知当时作者不能理解父亲的话。 56.D 考查连词。语境前后表示转折,故用 But。 57.A 考查名词。我们来到世界上,没有人向我们保证(guarantee)生活会公平地对待我们。 58.C 考查形容词。 根据前文父亲所说的话 “You can’ t what happens to other people. You can only what happens to you”可知此处填 only“唯一的” 。 59.B 考查动词短语。联系倒数第 3 段的第 2 句可知,此处用 deal with。 60.A 考查名词。这里是指我们衡量生活质量的标准(standard)。
71.Have you ever had a headache during a test? Have you ever been too worried so about something that you have a headache or even can’t sleep at night? If so, then you know that stress is. what Not all stress is bad for you. Some kinds of stress can help you get things do better, done
like when you are running towards the finishing line or when you are being asked to give a speech to your class. Stress sometimes can help push you to make full preparation preparations for a test. However, too much stress can result in anger, depression and other related problems, which we need to take serious. seriously There are many things in our life what might cause stress ------ having too much homework, that taking a difficult test, and having economic problems. or It’s impossible to live in a life completely free of stress, so you should learn to deal with stress. The best way ∧ reduce stress is to have a balance life. to balanced If you get enough sleep, eat properly, take more exercise and have enough fun time, you’ll probably feel less stressed.
72.Dear Editor, With the implementing of family planning policy, most families have only one child. There are lots of problems with these children, one of which is the lack of the ability to deal with other people. Basically, when born in a family without siblings, a child is usually vain and arrogant, even sometimes indifferent and rebellious. All these disadvantages may contribute to unhappiness of his or her life. Recently a new policy has been adjusted nationwide, which allows a family to have two children. In the process of growing, the two can take care of each other, and share too much in common, which is beneficial to their character building and psychological health. In my view, it is better to have two children in a family than only one. Yours Sincerely, Li Hua