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湖南省衡阳市第八中学2016-2017学年高二上学期第一次月考英语试题(文科实验班) Word版含答案

时间:2016-08-19


衡阳八中 2016 年上期高二年级第一次月考试卷 英语(试题卷)
注意事项: 1.本卷为衡阳八中高二年级文科实验班第一次月考试卷,分两卷。其中共 72 题,满分 150 分,考试时间为 120 分钟。 2.考生领取到试卷后,应检查试卷是否有缺页漏页,重影模糊等妨碍答题现象,如有请立即 向监考老师通报。开考前 15 分钟后,考生禁止入场,监考老师处理余卷。 3.请考生将答

案填写在答题卡上,选择题部分请用 2B 铅笔填涂,非选择题部分请用黑色 0.5mm 签字笔书写。考试结束后,试题卷与答题卡一并交回。 ★预祝考生考试顺利★

第I卷

选择题(共 100 分)

一.听力(每题 1.5 分,共 30 分) 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选 项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅 读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What does Jim do? A. A teacher. B. An officer. C. A student. 2. What time did Suzy leave home? A. 4:30. B. 5:00. C. 5:15. 3. What is the man’s suggestion? A. Going to the concert. B. Going to see a show. C. Just walking around. 4. How long has the rain lasted? A. 5 days. B. 6 days. C. 7 days. 5. What opinion do they hold on their chemistry course? A. It’s well organized. B. It is satisfactory. C. It is unsatisfactory. 第二节(共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项 中选出最佳选项, 并标在试卷的相应位置。 听每段对话或独白前, 你将有时间阅读各个小题, 每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6 至 7 题。 6. Where does this conversation take place? A. In a library. B. In a school. C. In a bookstore. 7. Why is William Shakespeare mentioned in the conversation? A. He gave gifts to millions of people. B. He was a very wealthy man in his times. C. His signature is worth a lot of money. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8 至 11 题。 8. What are the man and woman looking for? A. A comfortable hotel. B. A modern hotel. C. An inexpensive hotel. 9. Whom did the man and woman ask for help? A. A policewoman. B. A waitress. C. A passer-by. 10. Where could the man and woman find a hotel they needed? A. In the next street. B. Next to a bank. C. Two-minute drive to the west.

11. Where did the conversation most likely take place? A. In a street. B. In a restaurant. C. In a hotel. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 12 至 14 题。 12. What would the woman like to do this weekend? A. Go climbing. B. Go shopping. C. Go fishing. 13. What does the man plan to do on Saturday? A. Check his schedule. B. Stay at home. C. Help his sister move. 14. How will the man get in touch with the woman? A. By making a phone call to the woman’s house. B. By making a phone call to the woman’s mother’s house. C. By making a call to her cell phone. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 15 至 17 题。 15. What is the woman doing? A. Listening to music. B. Seeing a film. C. Writing a letter. 16. How long will the woman stay in Japan? A. For a year. B. For a month. C. For two years. 17. What will the woman do before she leaves for Japan? A. Read more Japanese novels. B. Attend a language class. C. Apply for a new program. 听第 10 段材料,回答第 18 至 20 题。 18.How many news headlines are broadcast? A.4. B.5. C.6. 19.What happened early on Saturday morning? A.A Russian rocket was sent up. B.A tour bus slid off a highway. C.Three aid workers were killed. 20.How many people were killed in the gas explosion? A.At least 4. B.About 30. C.Over 40. 二.阅读理解(每题 2 分,共 40 分) 第一部分 阅读下面的文章,从每题后面所给的四个选项中选出正确的一项。 A Mrs. Packletide intended to shoot a tiger. Not that the desire to kill had suddenly come to her, or that she felt she would leave India safer with one wild beast less. It was because Loona Bimberton had recently taken a plane to the forest and killed a tiger, and the newspapers showed photographs of Loona Bimberton with a tiger-skin on. In a world supposed to be moved by hunger and by love, Mrs. Packletide’s movements were largely governed by dislike of Loona Bimberton. Circumstances proved favorable. Mrs. Packletide had offered a thousand rupees (印度卢比) for the opportunity of shooting a tiger without risk or effort, and it happened that an old tiger was frequently coming to a neighboring village at night. He was so old that he couldn’t kill animals in the wild and just satisfied his appetite to the smaller household animals. The villagers were eager

to earn the thousand rupees; children were posted night and day in the jungle to watch the tiger, and the cheap goats were left about to keep him from going elsewhere. The one great fear was that he should die of old age before the day of Mrs. Packletide’s shoot. The great night arrived. A platform had been built in a tree, on which sat Mrs. Packletide and her paid companion, Miss Mebbin. A goat with a loud bleat (咩咩叫) was tied down at the correct distance. With an accurate gun, they waited for the coming of the tiger. “I suppose we are in some danger?” said Miss Mebbin. She was not actually nervous about the wild beast, but she was unwilling to perform a bit more service than she had been paid for. “It’ s a very old tiger. It couldn’ t spring up here even if it wanted to.” said Mrs. Packletide. Their conversation was cut short by the appearance of the old tiger. He saw the goat, and lay on the earth for a short rest before attacking. The gun fired very loudly, and the great yellow beast jumped to one side and then rolled over in the stillness of death. In a moment a crowd of excited villagers appeared on the scene, and their shouting carried the glad news to the village. It was Miss Mebbin who found that the goat was dying from a bullet-wound, while no wound could be found on the tiger. Evidently the wrong animal had been hit, and the tiger had died of heart-failure, caused by the sudden loud noise of the gun. Mrs. Packletide was annoyed at the discovery; but anyway, she owned a dead tiger, and the villagers, anxious for their thousand rupees, gladly accepted the fiction that she had shot the tiger. And Miss Mebbin was a paid companion. Therefore Mrs. Packletide faced the cameras with a light heart, and her pictures appeared on the newspapers of England and America. As for Loona Bimberton, she refused to look at a newspaper for weeks, and was in a depressed emotion for quite some time. Mrs. Packletide’s tiger-skin was inspected and admired by the neighbors, and Mrs. Packletide went to the Costume Ball in the character of Diana (狩猎女神). “How amused everyone would be if they knew what really happened,” said Miss Mebbin a few days after the ball. “What do you mean?” asked Mrs. Packletide quickly. “How you shot the goat and frightened the tiger to death,” said Miss Mebbin, with her unpleasant laugh. “No one would believe it,” said Mrs. Packletide, her face changing color1 rapidly. “Loona Bimberton would,” said Miss Mebbin. Mrs. Packletide’ s face settled on greenish white. “You surely wouldn’ t give me away?” she asked. “I’ve seen a weekend cottage near Dorking,” said Miss Mebbin, “six hundred and eighty. Quite a bargain, only I don’t happen to have the money.” Miss Mebbin possessed the pretty weekend cottage. Mrs. Packletide lost interest in animal-hunting. “The extra expenses are so heavy,” she said to inquiring friends. 21.What is the message conveyed in the story? A. Life is hard for one to predict. B. Everything comes for a reason. C. It’s unwise to keep bad company. D. False pride costs more than expected. 22. What was the result of Mrs. Packletide’s shooting? A. The old tiger was shot to death.

B. Neither the tiger nor the goat was shot. C. The old tiger missed being shot. D. Both the goat and the tiger were shot. 23. Mrs. Packletide planned to shoot a tiger because she ________. A. would leave India safer B. hated the wild animal C. admired her good friend D. disliked a certain person B Occasional self-medication has always been part of normal living. The making and selling of drugs have a long history and are closely linked, like medical practice itself, with the belief in magic. Only during the last hundred years or so has the development of scientific techniques made it possible for some of the causes of symptoms to be understood, so that more accurate diagnosis has become possible. The doctor is now able to follow up the correct diagnosis(诊断)of many illnesses with specific treatment of their causes. In many other illnesses, of which the causes remain unknown, it is still limited, like the unqualified prescriber (出具处方者), to the treatment of symptoms. The doctor is trained to decide when to treat symptoms only and when to attack the cause: this is the essential difference between medical prescribing and self-medication. The advance of technology has brought about much progress in some fields of medicine, including the development of scientific drug therapy (治疗法). In many countries public health organization is improving and people's nutritional standards have risen. Parallel with such beneficial trends have two harmful effects. One is the use of high-pressure advertising by the pharmaceutical(制药)industry, which has tended to influence both patients and doctors and has led to the overuse of drugs generally. The other is the emergence of the sedentary (需要久坐的) society with its faulty ways of life: lack of exercise, over-eating, unsuitable eating, not enough sleep, too much smoking and drinking. People with disorders arising from faulty habits such as these, as well as from unhappy human relationships, often resort to self-medication and so add the taking of pharmaceuticals to the list. Advertisers go to great lengths to catch this market. Clever advertising, aimed at chronic (慢性的) sufferers who will try anything because doctors have not been able to cure them, can induce such faith in a preparation, particularly if steeply priced, that it will produce—by suggestion—a very real effect in some people. Advertisements are also aimed at people suffering from mild complaints such as simple colds and coughs, which clear up by themselves within a short time. These are the main reasons why laxatives, indigestion remedies, painkillers, tonics, vitamin and iron tablets and many other preparations are found in quantity in many households. It is doubtful whether taking these things ever improves a person's health; it may even make it worse. Worse because the preparation may contain unsuitable ingredients; worse because the taker may become dependent on them; worse because they might be taken in excess; worse because they may cause poisoning, and worse of all because symptoms of some serious underlying cause may be masked and therefore medical help may not be sought. 24. The first paragraph is intended to ________. A. suggest that self-medication has a long history B. define what diagnosis means exactly C. praise doctors for their expertise D. tell the symptoms from the causes 25. Advertisements are aimed at people suffering from mild complaints because ________.

A. they often watch ads on TV B. they are more likely to buy the drugs advertised C. they generally lead a sedentary life D. they don't take to sports and easily catch colds 26. Paragraphs 2 and 3 explain ________. A. those good things are not without side effects B. why clever advertising is so powerful C. why in modern times self-medication is still practised D. why people develop faulty ways of life 27. The best title for the passage would be ________. A. Medical Practice B. Clever Advertisin C. Self-Medication D. Self-Treatment C In ancient Japan, if you saved someone’ s life, they would make it their duty to spend the rest of their life serving you. Nowadays, if you rescue someone’s story, he or she will feel the same kind of gratitude (感激). It happens all the time. Someone in a group is telling a story and, just before their big point, BOOM! There’s an interruption. Someone new joins the group, a waiter with a plate of biscuits comes over, or a baby starts crying. Suddenly everyone’s attention turns to the new arrival, the food on the plate, or the “charming” little child. Nobody is aware of the interruption — except the speaker. They forget all about the fact that the speaker hasn’t made his or her point. Or you’ re all sitting around the living room and someone is telling a joke. Suddenly, just before their big punch line (妙语), little Johnny drops a dish or the phone rings. After the crash, everyone talks about little Johnny’s carelessness. After the call, the subject turns to the upcoming marriage or medical operation of the caller. Nobody remembers the great punch line got unfinished — except the joke teller. When it’s you entertaining everyone at a restaurant, have you ever noticed how you can almost set your clock by the waiter coming to take everyone’ s order just before your funny punch line? Most joke and story tellers are too shy to say, after the interruption, “Now, as I was saying ?” Instead, they’ll spend the rest of the evening feeling bad they didn’t get to finish. Here’s where you come in. Rescue them with the technique I call “Lend a Helping Tongue.” Watch the gratitude in the storyteller’s eyes as he stabilizes where his story sunk and he sails off again toward the center of attention. His expression and the appreciation of your consideration by the rest of the group are often reward enough. You are even more fortunate if you can rescue the story of someone who can hire you, promote you, buy from you, or otherwise lift your life. Big winners have excellent memories. When you do them subtle favors like Lend a Helping Tongue, they find a way to pay you back. 28. Very often, a storyteller cannot make his point because _________. A. people are more interested in food than his story B. many guests bring their babies to the party C. he is interrupted by something unexpected D. his story is easily forgotten by the listeners 29. From Paragraph 3, we know that when someone is telling a joke, _________. A. something bad will surely happen just before their punch line B. listeners’ attention is often drawn to something else

C. the only person really interested in the joke is the joke teller D. the waiter knows when to take everyone’s order 30. How can we help the joke and story tellers when they are interrupted? A. By giving them a chance to finish. B. By comforting them to make them happy. C. By going on telling the story for them. D. By teaching them some useful techniques. 31. What is the text mainly about? A. People should learn how to take turns in a conversation. B. We can win someone’s heart by getting him back to his story. C. Telling jokes will make you the center of attention. D. It is impolite to cut in on someone’s talk. D Once upon a time, science fiction was just a style among other styles. There were crime stories, there were horror stories, there was literary fiction–and there was science fiction. But today science themes dominate these other styles. It’ s difficult to think of much modern crime, horror or “serious” fiction that doesn’t involve science. And it’s not just books. With every second movie and computer game having a sci-fi element, science fiction seems to have controlled our entire entertainment culture. It’ s clear that if we want to define science fiction we should relate it to the role that science plays in our lives. Perhaps the place to start is by noting when it began. Although some experts have claimed to be able to trace sci-fi back to ancient times, it is more plausible to find it in initial form in the 19th century, when industrial societies arose. One of the features that set industrial societies apart from other kinds was the increasing part that science played in everyday life. Factories with vast machines turned out huge quantities of goods, which were transported by trains, motor vehicles and ships all over the world. Cities were built on the back of technology, with electricity in homes and hospitals helping everyone to lead healthier, more convenient lives. All of these changes had great effects not only on people’s real lives, but on their imaginative ones. Writers began to articulate these changing physical and mental landscapes, eventually giving science fiction a large and devoted fan base of especially young readers, who found that it spoke to their curiosity about the future that science would create. But sci-fi reflected fears about science more than it did hopes. These typical early science fiction novel might be a UK novel like H.G. Wells’ The War of the Worlds (1897). With great skill, Wells played upon the fears of technology by imagining Earth under threat by a civilization –that of men from Mars. The science fiction of today expresses the impact of the computing revolution, robotics and our environmental challenges, while it is less concerned with “little green men from Mars” and other themes of past sci-fi. Given that science, technology and politics are always intertwined ( 交织 ), contemporary science fiction often has a great deal to say about power. Many recent novels – like American Cory Doctorow’s Little Brother (2008) – are concerned with government and security service

“conspiracies (阴谋)” against the people, particularly as the revelations of whistleblowers like Edward Snowden sink in. This can give sci-fi writing a “skeptical” feel. This underlines one of the features that remains constant between the beginnings of the empire of science fiction and its state today. As then, so now: We want to read about how fearful the future will be, not how it will be a paradise (天堂). 32. The underlined word “dominate” in Paragraph 1 probably means “_________”. A. induce B. represent C. interfere D. influence 33. What caused science fiction to appear in the 19th century? A. The curiosity of young readers about the future. B. The changes that the industrial revolution brought about. C. People’s stretched imagination affected by their real life. D. People’s fears about science rather than hopes. 34. What is mostly conveyed in contemporary science fiction? A. Our earth is threatened by aliens from Mars. B. Modern crime and horror are involved in science. C. Power is a very important element to ensure security. D. Entertainment culture and environmental issues are crucial. 35. What’s the main idea of the passage? A. The impact of the science fiction. B. The development of the science fiction. C. The content of the science fiction. D. The characteristic of the science fiction. 第二部分 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为 多余选项。 Bad breath can be a major problem. The good news is that it can often be prevented with some simple steps. Bad breath is caused by certain bacteria that grow in the mouth. When you don't brush regularly, bacteria accumulate in your mouth and between your teeth. 36 Certain foods, 37 38 Some That, especially ones like garlic and onions that contain pungent (辛辣的)oils, can contribute to bad breath because the oils are carried to your lungs and out through your mouth. people think that as long as you brush your teeth, you shouldn't have bad breath. should brush for at least 2 minutes at least twice a day. Many people believe that if you breathe into your hand, you'll know when you have bad breath. But it’s wrong! 39 When you talk, you tend to bring out the smell from the back of your mouth (where bad breath starts), which simply breathing doesn't do. Also, because we tend to get used to our own smells, it's hard for a person to tell if he or she has bad breath. If you’re concerned about bad breath, make sure you’re taking care of your teeth and mouth properly. If you brush properly and visit your dentist for regular cleanings but your bad breath persists, you may have a medical problem. your bad breath and help you take care of it. 40 They can figure out if something else is behind

however, just doesn't remove the smell. To sufficiently clean all the surfaces of your teeth, you

A. These bacteria make your breath smell. B. In that case, call your doctor or dentist. C. Smoking is also a major cause of bad breath. D. Remember to brush your tongue, too — bacteria love to hang out there. E. The truth is that most people only brush their teeth for 30 to 45 seconds. F. When you breathe, the smell bounced back by your hand can be easily sensed. G. When you breathe, you don^ use your throat the same way you do when you talk.

三.语言知识技能运用(共两节,共 45 分) 【一】完形填空(每题 1.5 分,共 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳 选项。 The Lifesaving Dog Three-year-old Alida Knobloch and her 60-pound golden dog, Mr. Gibbs, are almost inseparable. They are 41 by a special link of love and, because of 42 rare lung disease, by a two-foot tube that delivers 43 from tanks on the dog's back to Alida's nose. 44 at eight months 45 to breathe normally on her 46 her almost everywhere, carrying ten pounds 48 to control a service dog, but Mr. Gibbs and

old with the disease called NEHI, Alida, who lives inGeorgia, is own for more than 45 minutes. So Mr. Gibbs of 47 , including an oxygen tank. Young children normally don 't have the

Alida, along with her 49 , have worked closely with dog trainer Ashleigh Kinsleigh to develop the 50 relationship between the girl and the dog. “His job is to do jog 51 she does,” says Kinsleigh. So far, Mr. Gibbs has learned to 52 Alida's bike, follow her as she plays around the family home, and park himself below “We're 54 that by the time Alida starts kindergarten, Mr. Gibbs will be able to go with her,” says her father. Child hood 55 experts have told the Knoblochs that children can grow out of the necessity for additional oxygen, but Alida will probably always 56 some kind of oxygen assistance. Now 58 . Mr. Gibbs seems to need 59 even for a the Knoblochs can't 57 a time the two companions won't be moment. ” For young Alida Knobloch, the dog Mr. Gibbs is a true 60 . 41. A. to uched 42. A. Alida’s 43. A. oxygen 44. A. Charged 45. A. eager 46. A. carries 47. A. toys 48. A. desire B. encouraged B. the dog’s B. water B. Suff ered B. willing B. snacks B. emotion B. accompanies C. limited C. her father’s C. food C. unable C. guides C. drink C. skill C. Diagnosed D. connected D. her mother’s D. Treated D. entertains

her high 53 while she eats.

Alida as much as she needs him, says Aaron. “The dog is upset if he and Alida are

D. medicine D. difficult D. equipment D. q ualification

49. A. parents 50. A. strange 51. A. wherever 52. A. on 53. A. bike 54. A. hoping 55. A. education 56. A. refuse 57. A. spend 59. A. apart 60. A. teacher

B. teachers B. special B. however C. over B. bed B. off

C. friends C. tense C. whenever

D. pets D. ridiculous D. whatever

D. alongside D. cupboard D. discussing D. nutrition D. need D. escape D. Heart-to-heart D. present D. pet C. hand-in-hand C. warning C. sport

C. chair

B. suggesting B. disease B. carry B. await B. together B. lifesaver

C. offer C. imagine C. absent C. trainer

58. A. face-to-face B. side-by-side

第 II 卷

非选择题(共 50 分)

三.语言知识技能运用(共两节,共 45 分) 【二】语法填空(每空 1.5 分,共 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Taking a taxi in some Eastern European countries can be 61 shocking experience. It is said that some taxi drivers have metal wires 62 (stick) into the passenger’s seats. And when a button 63 (push), the seat will give you an electric shock. These taxi drivers don’t do this 64 fun. They do it to tourists 65 argue about the ridiculous fares they charge. Some drivers charge as much 66 ten times the legal fare. They have a secret switch which makes the meters much 67 (fast). If you refuse to pay, you are really in for a shock. In one case, a German woman had no choice but to pay US$120 for a US$20 ride from the airport. She said that she was “really taken for a ride,” 68 what could she do? Besides the 69 (electricity) shock, she was verbally abused and threatened with physical violence. She has only one piece of advice for tourists, “Take the bus 70 stay at home.” 四.写作技能(共两节,共 35 分) 71.短文改错(共 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(﹨)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 In early January this year, the rate of UFO reports were steady, around three per weeks. When, however, on Monday, January 16, a science fiction film about visitors to outer space was shown on television, there was the immediate increase in reports of sightings from all parts of the States. The commanding officer, Wayne Tyler, who directly responsible for the study of all such reports, decided to making his findings known. They wrote an article, which said that all UFO reports could be explained for quite naturally by aircraft movements. Follow this explanation, there was a rapid drop in the number of reported sightings, because the rate remained above the previous level.

72.书面表达(共 25 分) 你校将开展为期一周的艺术节,请你根据以下表格的内容,写一篇英语短文: 培养学生对艺术的兴趣; 活动目的 活动对象 活动时间 活动地点 活动内容 注意: 1.词数 100 左右; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 增强学生的艺术鉴赏能力; 让同学们交到更多朋友。 全体学生 11 月 20 日至 11 月 26 日 学校图书馆 2 楼 美术老师张老师作一个主题为“关于艺术与生活”的演讲; 欣赏名画和书法作品 (calligraphy works); 摄影作品大赛, 获奖者均可获得数码 (digital) 相机一台。

衡阳八中 2016 年下期高二年级文科实验班第一次月考英语 参考答案
1-5.CABAC 6-10.CCCBC 11-15.BACBB 21-23.DCD 24-27.ABCC 28-31.CBAB 41-45.DAACC 46-50. BDCAB 51-55.DDCAB 61.a 62.stuck 63.is pushed 64.for 65.who 66.as 67.faster 68.but 69.electric 70.or 16-20.ABBAC 32-35.DBCB 56-60.DCBBD 36-40.ACEGB

71.In early January this year, the rate of UFO reports were steady, around three per weeks. When, was week however, on Monday, January 16, a science fiction film about visitors to outer space was shown from on television, there was the immediate increase in reports of sightings from all parts of the States. an The commanding officer, Wayne Tyler, who ∧ directly responsible for the study of all such was/is reports, decided to making his findings known. They wrote an article, which said that all UFO make reports could be He explained for quite naturally by aircraft

movements. Follow this explanation, for 去掉

Following

there was a rapid drop in the number of reported sightings, because the rate remained above although/though/but/yet the previous level.

72.In order to develop students ’ interest in art and improve their ability of appreciating art works, our school will hold a one-week long art festival on the

second floor of the school library from the 20th to 26th of November. This is a chance for students to make more friends with common interest. During the activity, the art teacher Miss Zhang will make a speech about art and life. What’s more, there will be an exhibition of famous paintings and calligraphy works. There is no doubt that it will appeal to a great number of students who are enthusiastic about art. The most exciting thing is that we will also hold a photography competition, in which the winners will be rewarded a digital camera.


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