一.用定语从句和现在分词 表 “结果”
有80个国家踢足球，使它成为最受欢迎的 运动。 Football is played in 80 countries, making it the most popular game. Football is played in 80 countries,
which makes it the most popular game.
? The factories poured out large
quantities of waste water and polluted gas, which polluted the environment seriously. =The factories poured out large quantities of waste water and polluted gas, polluting the environment seriously.
我们学校门口的马路两旁有很多卖零食的小 摊档（stall/stand), 使学生过马路很难.
? In front of our school, there are many stalls selling snacks on both sides of the streets, which makes it difficult for the students to go across the street. ? In front of our school, there are many stalls selling snacks on both sides of the streets, making it difficult for the students to go across the street.
? 我们学校门前有一条马路，两旁有很多 小摊档卖零食。 ? There is a street in front of our school. And there are many stalls selling snacks on both sides of the street ? 比较：There is a street in front of our school, on both sides of which lie many stalls selling snacks.
他环顾四周，注意到一扇门，门后面挂 着一幅画 ? He looked around and took notice of a door, behind which hung a picture. 在图书馆前面有四个篮球场，我们经常在 那打球。 ? In front of the library lie four basketball courts, where we often play basketball
? He directed many films and TV plays, and some of them were well received.
=He directed many films and TV plays, some of which were well received.
Nowadays, generation gap , which has aroused close social attention, is becoming a social problem.
今天下午我们将参观工业展览，里面会有很 多新产品展出，其中还有一些曾获得国家大 奖。
This afternoon we’ll visit the industry exhibition, where many new products are on show, some of which have won the national prize for invention.
Yao Ming, whose height is 2.26 meters, is world-famous star.
2. 冯小刚，一位非常受欢迎的导演，为中 国电影赢得了很多荣誉。
Feng Xiaogang, who is a popular director, has won a lot of honor for Chinese film.
The book, which was written by Zhen Yuanjie, is a best-seller this year.
As is known to us, Diaoyu Island always belongs to China.
2. 正如图表显示的那样，学生们每天有 太多的作业。
As the graph shows, the students have too much homework to do every day.