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基础写作高级句型

时间:2012-10-04


基础写作中的常用高级句型
定语从句的使用

一.用定语从句和现在分词 表 “结果”
有80个国家踢足球,使它成为最受欢迎的 运动。 Football is played in 80 countries, making it the most popular game. Football is played in 80 countries, which makes it the most popular game.

工厂排出大量废水和废气,严重 污染了环境。
? The factories poured out large

quantities of waste water and polluted gas, which polluted the environment seriously. =The factories poured out large quantities of waste water and polluted gas, polluting the environment seriously.

我们学校门口的马路两旁有很多卖零食的小 摊档(stall/stand), 使学生过马路很难.
? In front of our school, there are many stalls selling snacks on both sides of the streets, which makes it difficult for the students to go across the street. ? In front of our school, there are many stalls selling snacks on both sides of the streets, making it difficult for the students to go across the street.

二、用定语从句和倒装来表方位
? 我们学校门前有一条马路,两旁有很多 小摊档卖零食。 ? There is a street in front of our school. And there are many stalls selling snacks on both sides of the street ? 比较:There is a street in front of our school, on both sides of which lie many stalls selling snacks.

他环顾四周,注意到一扇门,门后面挂 着一幅画 ? He looked around and took notice of a door, behind which hung a picture. 在图书馆前面有四个篮球场,我们经常在 那打球。 ? In front of the library lie four basketball courts, where we often play basketball

三、用非限制性定语从句 表并列或附属关系
? He directed many films and TV plays, and some of them were well received.
=He directed many films and TV plays, some of which were well received.

如今,代沟引起了广泛了社会关注,并成 为一个社会问题。

?
?

Nowadays, generation gap , which has aroused close social attention, is becoming a social problem.
今天下午我们将参观工业展览,里面会有很 多新产品展出,其中还有一些曾获得国家大 奖。

?

This afternoon we’ll visit the industry exhibition, where many new products are on show, some of which have won the national prize for invention.

四、用定语从句(或同位语) 来介绍人物的身份、特征
1. 身高2米26的姚明是一名国际巨星。
Yao Ming, whose height is 2.26 meters, is world-famous star.

2. 冯小刚,一位非常受欢迎的导演,为中 国电影赢得了很多荣誉。
Feng Xiaogang, who is a popular director, has won a lot of honor for Chinese film.

五、用定语从句介绍事物特征
1. 郑渊洁写的这本书是今年的畅销书。
The book, which was written by Zhen Yuanjie, is a best-seller this year.

六、用As引导的定语从句来介绍众所
周知的事实、或者是图画、图表及前 文提到的内容。
1. 众所周知,钓鱼岛一直是中国的领土。
As is known to us, Diaoyu Island always belongs to China.

2. 正如图表显示的那样,学生们每天有 太多的作业。
As the graph shows, the students have too much homework to do every day.

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